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Combination Chemotherapy Plus Radiation Therapy in Treating Patients With Stage III Non-small Cell Lung Cancer That Can Not Be Surgically Removed

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003235
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 14, 2004
Last Update Posted : January 28, 2010
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining more than one drug with either standard radiation therapy or radiation therapy given at different times may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy consisting of paclitaxel and carboplatin, plus either standard radiation therapy or radiation therapy given at different times, in treating patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer that cannot be surgically removed.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lung Cancer Drug: carboplatin Drug: paclitaxel Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine response rates, duration of response, and survival of patients with unresectable or regionally advanced (M0) stage IIIA or IIIB non-small cell lung carcinoma treated with induction paclitaxel and carboplatin followed by conventional vs accelerated radiation. II. Evaluate the patterns of local and distant failure for patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: Patients are stratified by histology (squamous vs nonsquamous), performance status (0 vs 1), disease stage (IIIA vs IIIB), and response to induction chemotherapy (initial response vs no response). All patients receive induction therapy consisting of paclitaxel IV over 3 hours followed by carboplatin IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 22. Treatment repeats every 42 days for 2 courses. Patients whose disease has not progressed outside the thorax are then randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive standard radiotherapy once a day, 5 days a week for 6-7 weeks. Arm II: Patients receive hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy 3 times daily, 5 days a week over 2.5 weeks. Each fraction is separated by a minimum of 4 hours. Radiotherapy begins between days 43 and 50. Patients are followed at 1 month after radiotherapy, then every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for the next 3 years, and annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 294 patients will be accrued for this study within 3.5 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 294 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Trial of Induction Paclitaxel and Carboplatin Followed By Standard Radiotherapy (64 Gy/7 Weeks) vs. Hyperfractionated Accelerated Radiotherapy (HART 57.6 Gy/2.5 Weeks) For Patients With Unresectable Stage IIIA and IIIB Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Study Start Date : April 1998
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2006

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lung Cancer
Drug Information available for: Carboplatin

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed unresectable stage IIIA or IIIB non-small cell carcinoma of the lung Adenocarcinoma Squamous cell carcinoma Anaplastic large cell carcinoma Stage IIIA patients must not be candidates for resection after neoadjuvant therapy (unresectable T3N1 or T1-3 primary tumors with metastasis limited to the ipsilateral mediastinal and subcarinal lymph nodes) Mediastinotomy or thoracoscopy required for potentially resectable IIIa disease when ipsilateral mediastinal lymph nodes are less than 2 cm Stage IIIB patients must not have significant pleural effusion (seen on CT scan only OR does not reaccumulate after one thoracentesis and is cytologically negative) Metastases to contralateral mediastinal or supraclavicular nodes allowed Measurable or evaluable disease No distant metastasis or significant pleural effusion

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-1 Life expectancy: At least 12 weeks Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Granulocyte count at least 1,500/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 10 g/dL Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 1.5 mg/dL SGOT no greater than 2 times normal No liver disease with significant hepatic insufficiency Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL OR Creatinine clearance at least 50 mL/min Cardiovascular: No cardiac arrhythmia or end stage congestive heart failure Neurologic: No preexisting clinically significant peripheral neuropathy No organic brain syndrome Other: No history of prior or concurrent malignancy in the past 5 years except: Surgically cured basal cell carcinoma of the skin Carcinoma in situ of the cervix Not pregnant Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 2 weeks after study

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No prior systemic chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior thoracic radiotherapy Surgery: Not specified

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003235

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United States, New Jersey
Trinitas Hospital - Jersey Street Campus
Elizabeth, New Jersey, United States, 07201
Overlook Hospital
Summit, New Jersey, United States, 07902-0220
Community Medical Center
Toms River, New Jersey, United States, 08755
St. Francis Medical Center
Trenton, New Jersey, United States, 08629
United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792
Sponsors and Collaborators
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Chandra P. Belani, MD University of Pittsburgh

Publications of Results:
Mehta MP, Wang W, Johnson D, et al.: Induction chemotherapy followed by standard thoracic radiotherapy vs. hyperfractionated accelerated radiotherapy for patients with unresectable stage IIIA and B non-small cell lung cancer: phase III study of the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG 2597). Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys 57 (2 Suppl): S141, 2003.

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Responsible Party: Group Chair, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Identifier: NCT00003235     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000066107
First Posted: April 14, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 28, 2010
Last Verified: January 2010

Keywords provided by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group:
squamous cell lung cancer
large cell lung cancer
stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer
adenocarcinoma of the lung

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lung Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Bronchial Neoplasms
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action