Paclitaxel and Radiation Therapy Plus Chemoprotection With Amifostine in Treating Patients With Stage III or Stage IV Head and Neck Cancer
|The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.|
|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003193|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 23, 2003
Last Update Posted : December 6, 2012
RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Chemoprotective drugs, such as amifostine, may protect normal cells from the side effects of chemotherapy.
PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to study the effectiveness of paclitaxel and radiation therapy plus chemoprotection with amifostine in treating patients with stage III or stage IV head and neck cancer.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Head and Neck Cancer Oral Complications||Drug: amifostine trihydrate Drug: paclitaxel Procedure: conventional surgery Radiation: radiation therapy||Phase 1 Phase 2|
- Determine the maximum tolerated dose of paclitaxel with amifostine and radiotherapy in patients with stage III or IV head and neck cancer.
- Determine the toxic effects and complications of this regimen in terms of mucositis reduction in these patients.
- Determine the complete response rate and progression-free survival of patients treated with this regimen.
- Determine whether amifostine modulates the plasma pharmacokinetics of paclitaxel in these patients.
OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study of paclitaxel with and without amifostine.
Patients receive paclitaxel IV on days 1, 8, 15, 29, 36, and 43 for a total of 3-6 doses. Patients also undergo radiotherapy twice daily for 6 weeks, except for days when paclitaxel is given.
Cohorts of 2-5 patients receive escalating doses of paclitaxel until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose at which 2-3 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. An additional 10 patients are treated at the MTD.
After determination of the MTD for paclitaxel, subsequent patients also receive amifostine IV over 15 minutes on days 1, 8, 29, and 36 and radiotherapy on days 2-5 and 30-33. Determination of the MTD for this drug combination is carried out as with paclitaxel alone.
At 4 to 8 weeks after the last treatment of radiotherapy, patients undergo CT scanning to determine response. Patients with residual masses undergo neck dissection. Patients with complete or partial response at the primary site are followed without surgery.
Patients are followed every 6 months.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A maximum of 37 patients will be accrued for this study.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||37 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Phase I/II Study of Escalating Doses of Taxol Used Concurrently With Ethyol and Accelerated Hyperfractionated Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Stage III and IV Carcinoma of the Head and Neck|
|Study Start Date :||January 1998|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||September 2005|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||September 2005|
Experimental: Paclitaxel, amifostine, RT
Dose-escalation arm for paclitaxel with amifostine and RT.
|Drug: amifostine trihydrate Drug: paclitaxel Procedure: conventional surgery Radiation: radiation therapy|
- Safety [ Time Frame: 6 months ]Safety is evaluated in this dose-escalation study
- Response rate [ Time Frame: 6 months ]Response in terms of CR, PR, stable disease, or progression was determined
- Survival [ Time Frame: 5 years ]Percentage of patients alive at 5 years as well as the median overal survival were determined.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00003193
|United States, Massachusetts|
|Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114|
|Dana-Farber Cancer Institute|
|Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115|
|Study Chair:||Philip C. Amrein, MD||Massachusetts General Hospital|