Glutamine in Preventing Acute Diarrhea in Patients With Pelvic Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00003170
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: July 13, 2016
Last verified: July 2016
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Glutamine may be an effective treatment for acute diarrhea caused by radiation therapy. It is not known if glutamine is an effective treatment for acute diarrhea caused by radiation therapy.

PURPOSE: Randomized double-blinded phase III trial to determine the effectiveness of glutamine in preventing acute diarrhea in patients who have pelvic cancer and who are receiving radiation therapy.


Condition Intervention Phase
Cancer
Dietary Supplement: glutamine
Other: placebo
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Phase III Double-Blind Study of Glutamine Versus Placebo in the Prevention of Acute Diarrhea in Patients Receiving Pelvic Radiation Therapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • reduction of acute treatment related to diarrhea [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post-radiation treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • reduction of chronic treatment related to enteropathy [ Time Frame: Up to 2 years post-radiation treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 129
Study Start Date: February 1998
Study Completion Date: June 2003
Primary Completion Date: May 2003 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: glutamine
Beginning the first or second day of radiotherapy, patients receive oral glutamine twice daily, including the days that they do not receive radiotherapy. Patients continue on treatment throughout radiotherapy and continue 2 weeks postradiotherapy or until grade 3 diarrhea occurs. Patients are followed weekly for 4 weeks, then at 12 months, and then at 24 months after radiotherapy.
Dietary Supplement: glutamine
Placebo Comparator: placebo
Beginning the first or second day of radiotherapy, patients receive placebo twice daily, including the days that they do not receive radiotherapy. Patients continue on treatment throughout radiotherapy and continue 2 weeks postradiotherapy or until grade 3 diarrhea occurs. Patients are followed weekly for 4 weeks, then at 12 months, and then at 24 months after radiotherapy.
Other: placebo

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine whether glutamine is effective in reducing the acute treatment related diarrhea in patients receiving pelvic external beam radiation therapy as adjuvant or primary treatment of malignancy. II. Determine whether glutamine can reduce chronic treatment related enteropathy following completion of therapy. III. Determine whether glutamine causes any toxicity in this situation. IV. Provide initial reliability and validity data for a patient bowel function questionnaire.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study. Patients are stratified by history of anterior resection of the rectum (yes vs no); total planned cumulative dose, including boost fields of external beam radiotherapy (4500-5350 cGy vs 5350-6000 cGy vs greater than 6000 cGy); use of fluorouracil (none vs bolus vs continuous infusion); and primary site (rectal cancer vs prostate cancer vs gynecological cancer vs other). Beginning the first or second day of radiotherapy, patients receive either oral glutamine or a placebo twice daily, including the days that they do not receive radiotherapy. Patients continue on treatment throughout radiotherapy and continue 2 weeks postradiotherapy or until grade 3 diarrhea occurs. Patients are followed weekly for 4 weeks, then at 12 months, and then at 24 months after radiotherapy.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed pelvic cancer Planned therapy is to undergo continuous definitive or adjuvant external beam pelvic radiation therapy with or without fluorouracil (5-FU) plus or minus levamisole No split course radiation therapy Planned course of radiation therapy must also meet the following criteria: - Entire pelvis must be encompassed by the planned radiotherapy fields - Total planned dose to the central axis midplane or isocenter for the whole pelvic field must be between 4500-5350 cGy - Treatment must be given 4-5 times per week on a one-treatment-per-day basis No stool incontinence or stool frequency of 7 or more per day prior to initiation of radiation therapy Must be entered on study before the second radiation therapy fraction No current or prior metastases beyond pelvic regional lymph nodes Must have functioning rectum No planned perineal irradiation No anal cancer No active intraluminal gastrointestinal (GI) tumors Patients with completely resectioned GI tumors who also receive adjuvant treatment are eligible

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Creatinine less than 2 times upper limit of normal Other: No known allergy to glutamine No history of inflammatory bowel disease No other medical condition that may interfere with treatment Not pregnant or nursing Adequate contraception is required of all fertile patients

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No concurrent leucovorin or other chemotherapy agents, except 5-FU with or without levamisole Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: See Disease Characteristics No prior pelvic radiotherapy No brachytherapy prior to completion of all external beam radiotherapy Surgery: No abdominal-perineal resection, Hartmann procedure, or other surgical procedure that has left patient without a functioning rectum

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00003170

Locations
United States, Arizona
CCOP - Scottsdale Oncology Program
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States, 85259-5404
United States, Illinois
CCOP - Illinois Oncology Research Association
Peoria, Illinois, United States, 61602
CCOP - Carle Cancer Center
Urbana, Illinois, United States, 61801
United States, Iowa
CCOP - Cedar Rapids Oncology Project
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, United States, 52403-1206
CCOP - Iowa Oncology Research Association
Des Moines, Iowa, United States, 10309-1016
Siouxland Hematology-Oncology
Sioux City, Iowa, United States, 51101-1733
United States, Kansas
CCOP - Wichita
Wichita, Kansas, United States, 67214-3882
United States, Michigan
CCOP - Ann Arbor Regional
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48106
United States, Minnesota
CCOP - Duluth
Duluth, Minnesota, United States, 55805
Mayo Clinic Cancer Center
Rochester, Minnesota, United States, 55905
CentraCare Clinic
Saint Cloud, Minnesota, United States, 56303
United States, Nebraska
CCOP - Missouri Valley Cancer Consortium
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68131
United States, North Dakota
Quain & Ramstad Clinic, P.C.
Bismarck, North Dakota, United States, 58501
CCOP - Merit Care Hospital
Fargo, North Dakota, United States, 58122
United States, Ohio
CCOP - Toledo Community Hospital Oncology Program
Toledo, Ohio, United States, 43623-3456
United States, Pennsylvania
CCOP - Geisinger Clinical and Medical Center
Danville, Pennsylvania, United States, 17822-2001
United States, South Dakota
CCOP - Sioux Community Cancer Consortium
Sioux Falls, South Dakota, United States, 57105-1080
Canada, Saskatchewan
Saskatchewan Cancer Agency
Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada, S4S 6X3
Sponsors and Collaborators
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Study Chair: Timothy F. Kozelsky, MD Mayo Clinic
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003170     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCCTG-969256  CDR0000065974  NCI-P97-0127 
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: July 13, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diarrhea
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Signs and Symptoms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 30, 2016