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Chemoprevention Therapy Plus Surgery in Treating Women With Breast Cancer

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: July 27, 2012
Last verified: July 2012

RATIONALE: Chemoprevention therapy is the use of certain drugs to try to prevent the development or recurrence of cancer. The use of fenretinide and tamoxifen before surgery may be an effective way to prevent the recurrence of or further development of breast cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to study the effectiveness of fenretinide and tamoxifen given before surgery in treating women with breast cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Cancer
Drug: Fenretinide
Drug: Tamoxifen Citrate
Other: Placebo
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Phase II Clinical Trial of N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) Retinamide (4-HPR) and Tamoxifen in Breast Neoplasia, Administration During the Period Between the Diagnostic Core Biopsy and Definitive Surgery

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Fenretinide + Tamoxifen effectiveness given before surgery in treating breast cancer [ Time Frame: 28 days ]

Enrollment: 52
Study Start Date: May 1996
Study Completion Date: January 2003
Primary Completion Date: June 2000 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Arm 1 Tamoxifen + Fenretinide
Tamoxifen + Fenretinide daily for 14-28 days
Drug: Fenretinide
Daily for 14-28 days.
Other Names:
  • 4-HPR
  • N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) Retinamide
Drug: Tamoxifen Citrate
Daily for 14-28 days.
Other Name: Nolvadex
Placebo Comparator: Arm 2 Placebo
Placebo daily for 14-28 days
Other: Placebo
Daily for 14-28 days

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the feasibility of identifying surrogate endpoint biomarkers in women with breast ductal carcinoma in situ and associated neoplastic and preneoplastic lesions. II. Determine whether treatment with fenretinide and tamoxifen administered daily will cause significant modulation of proposed surrogate endpoint biomarkers in this patient population.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, placebo controlled study. Patients are stratified according to histological diagnosis (hyperplasia vs carcinoma). All patients undergo a core biopsy and fine needle aspiration of the index lesion and are then assigned randomly to a treatment arm. Arm I receives tamoxifen and fenretinide daily. Arm II receives a placebo daily. Both arms continue for 14-28 days, until definitive surgery or a second biopsy is performed.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 100 patients will be accrued for this study, 50 patients per arm.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Mammogram highly suspicious for ductal carcinoma in situ or early invasive carcinoma Branching or linear microcalcifications clustered or distributed segmentally in the breast without an associated palpable or mammographic mass Palpable thickening or nipple discharge allowed At least 5 mm area of calcification or contain enough calcium for core biopsies Small palpable carcinoma (T1 or T2) with no palpable axillary lymph nodes (N0) No definitive local therapy Atypical hyperplasia (ductal or lobular) and/or carcinoma on initial diagnostic biopsy Hormone receptor status: Not specified

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Over 18 Sex: Female Menopausal status: Not specified Performance status: Zubrod 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Absolute granulocyte count greater than 1500/mm3 Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No uncontrolled congestive heart failure Other: Fasting serum triglycerides less than 400 mg/dL Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for one year after completing fenretinide therapy No concurrent serious illness or infection, e.g., septicemia No prior thromboembolic disease No prior degenerative retinal disease

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: At least 5 years since prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: At least 12 months since prior tamoxifen therapy No concurrent estrogen therapy At least 3 months since prior anabolic steroids Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy to the chest or breast Surgery: See Disease Characteristics Other: No vitamin A supplementation greater than 25,000 IU At least 12 months since prior retinoid therapy

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00003099

United States, Texas
University of Texas - MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Sonja E. Singletary, MD M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Identifier: NCT00003099     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ID94-029
P30CA016672 ( US NIH Grant/Contract Award Number )
MDA-ID-94029 ( Other Identifier: UT MD Anderson Cancer Center )
CDR0000065829 ( Registry Identifier: NCI PDQ )
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: July 27, 2012

Keywords provided by M.D. Anderson Cancer Center:
breast cancer
Chemoprevention Therapy
N-(4-hydroxyphenyl) Retinamide
Breast Neoplasia
Diagnostic Core Biopsy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Antineoplastic Agents
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Anticarcinogenic Agents
Protective Agents processed this record on April 26, 2017