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Radiation Therapy With or Without Cisplatin or Fluorouracil in Treating Patients With Cancer of the Cervix

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003078
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : June 23, 2004
Last Update Posted : July 9, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Gynecologic Oncology Group

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining radiation therapy and chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells. It is not known whether receiving radiation therapy plus cisplatin is more effective than receiving radiation therapy plus fluorouracil in treating patients with cancer of the cervix.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of radiation therapy plus cisplatin or fluorouracil in treating patients with primary stage IIB, stage IIIB, or stage IVA cancer of the cervix.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cervical Cancer Drug: cisplatin Drug: fluorouracil Radiation: brachytherapy Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the progression-free survival and survival of patients with advanced cervical cancer limited to the pelvis receiving either radiotherapy alone, or radiotherapy plus weekly cisplatin, or radiotherapy plus prolonged venous infusion (PVI) of fluorouracil. [Radiotherapy alone regimen closed 8/18/98] II. Determine the relative toxic effects of radiation therapy plus chemotherapy with either weekly cisplatin or PVI fluorouracil compared to radiation alone. [Radiotherapy alone regimen closed 8/18/98] IV. Compare the progression-free survival and survival of patients with advanced cervical cancer limited to the pelvis and who smoke at the time of diagnosis versus non-smokers and those who smoke during radiation therapy versus those who quit.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified by stage, performance of para-aortic lymphadenectomy, and brachytherapy method (HDR vs LDR). Prior to treatment patients complete a questionnaire regarding past and present smoking history and exposure to secondhand smoke. In arm I, patients undergo external radiation therapy to the pelvis once daily 5 times a week for 5 weeks. Then, patients receive either low dose rate or high dose rate intracavitary brachytherapy in one or two applications or 5 fractions once or twice a week, respectively. If intracavitary radiation therapy cannot be performed, then shrinking field technique is executed. In addition, patients receive parametrial boost once daily for 3 to 5 days during intracavitary brachytherapy. Concurrently, patients receive IV cisplatin once a week for 5 weeks beginning on day 1 of external radiation therapy and once during the parametrial boost. Patients in arm II receive external radiation therapy and brachytherapy as previously described. [Arm II closed 8/18/98] In arm III, patients undergo external radiation therapy as described in arm I. In addition, patients receive prolonged venous infusion (PVI) fluorouracil daily for 5 days during external beam radiation therapy (whole pelvis and parametrial boost). If all 6 courses of cisplatin or fluorouracil cannot be administered during external radiation therapy, then the sixth course of chemotherapy will be given during brachytherapy. Patients are followed every 3 months for the first 2 years, then every 6 months for the next 3 years, then annually until death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: This study will accrue a maximum of 870 patients over 66 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 870 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Comparison of Radiation vs Radiation Plus Weekly Cisplatin vs Radiation Plus PVI (Protracted Venous Infusion) 5-FU in Patients With Stage II-B, III-B, and IV-A Carcinoma of the Cervix With Negative Paraaortic Nodes
Study Start Date : October 1997
Actual Primary Completion Date : November 2005

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Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Primary, previously untreated, histologically confirmed invasive squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, or adenosquamous carcinoma of the uterine cervix stage IIB, IIIB, or IVA Negative para-aortic lymph nodes determined by lymphangiogram, CT, MRI, or lymphadenectomy (excluding suspicious para-aortic lymph nodes) Para-aortic lymphadenectomy must be performed extraperitoneally or by laparoscopy No histologically confirmed cancer involving the para-aortic lymph nodes, intraperitoneal disease, or positive peritoneal cytology No recurrent invasive carcinoma of the uterine cervix, regardless of previous treatment or cervix cancers other than squamous cell, adenosquamous, or adenocarcinoma No carcinoma of the cervical stump

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Any age Performance status: GOG 0-3 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times normal SGOT and alkaline phosphatase no greater than 3 times normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Other: No septicemia or severe infection Not pregnant Negative pregnancy test Effective contraception required of fertile patients No other invasive malignancy unless disease free for at least 5 years and no prior cancer treatment that contraindicated this protocol therapy No concomitant malignancy other than nonmelanomatous skin cancer Must complete smoking history questionnaire and provide urine specimen for cotinine analysis

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No prior cytotoxic chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior radiation therapy to the pelvis Surgery: No prior hysterectomy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003078

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Gynecologic Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Rachelle M. Lanciano, MD Delaware County Regional Cancer Center at Delaware County Memorial Hospital

Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
Gold M, Tian C, Whitney CW, et al.: Surgical versus radiologic exclusion of para-aortic lymph node metastases relative to chemoradiation for loco-regionally advanced cervical carcinoma: a meta-analysis of Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) protocols 85, 120 & 165. [Abstract] Society of Gynecologic Oncologists, 2006 Annual Meeting on Women's Cancer, March 22-26, 2006, Palm Springs, CA. A-39, 2006.

Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00003078     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000065771
First Posted: June 23, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 9, 2013
Last Verified: April 2011

Keywords provided by Gynecologic Oncology Group:
stage III cervical cancer
stage IIB cervical cancer
stage IVA cervical cancer
cervical squamous cell carcinoma
cervical adenocarcinoma
cervical adenosquamous cell carcinoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Uterine Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Uterine Cervical Diseases
Uterine Diseases
Genital Diseases, Female
Antineoplastic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs