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Inhaled Interleukin-2 in Treating Patients With Metastatic or Unresectable Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003009
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Insufficient Accrual)
First Posted : June 16, 2004
Last Update Posted : May 22, 2014
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Southern California

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's white blood cells to kill cancer cells. Giving interleukin-2 in different ways may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of inhaled interleukin-2 in treating patients with metastatic or unresectable cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific Biological: aldesleukin Phase 1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Define the safe and tolerance of an inhaled interleukin-2 (IL-2) administered once or twice a day. II. Determine blood levels of IL-2 and whether there is detectable stimulation of immune cells in patients receiving inhalation IL-2. III. Determine whether there is any shrinkage of pulmonary lesions of patients treated on this study.

OUTLINE: This is a two arm, escalating dose study of interleukin-2 (IL-2). In Arm I patients in cohorts of 3-6 are administered daily inhalations of IL-2 over 15 minutes on Monday through Friday for 4 consecutive weeks. At least 3 patients are treated at each dose level, and all patients in a cohort are observed for at least 2 weeks before escalating to a higher dose in absence of dose limiting toxicity. Escalation stops when maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is determined. In Arm II the initial dose is 25 percent of the MTD determined in Arm I administered by inhalation twice daily on Monday through Friday for 4 weeks. Subsequent patient cohorts receive doses escalated by 33 percent above the previous dose level. Responding patients continue treatment cycles of 4 weeks with 2 weeks of rest until they develop progressive disease or intolerable toxicity. Stable patients may stay on treatment for a maximum of 4 cycles.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A minimum of 12-15 and a maximum of 30 patients will be accrued for this study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 16 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of Inhalation of Interleukin-2 (IL-2) in Patients With Metastatic or Unresectable Cancer
Study Start Date : February 1996
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2000
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2000

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Aldesleukin

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed unresectable or metastatic cancer Confirmed by biopsy or fine needle aspiration Tumors must predominantly involve the lung Measurable or evaluable disease No lymphomas or leukemias No AIDS associate Kaposi's Sarcoma No uncontrolled brain metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: SWOG 0-1 Life expectancy: At least 3 months Hematopoietic: WBC at least 4,000/mm3 Platelet count within normal limits Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2 times normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Cardiovascular: Adequate cardiovascular system with NYHA Class 0 or I No uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmias Pulmonary: FEV1 at least 65% of predicted FVC at least 65% of predicted No asthma or bronchial obstruction that would prevent the delivery of IL-2 to all lobes of the lung Other: HIV negative No medical or psychological criteria that would make patient unable to tolerate the treatment Not pregnant or nursing Adequate contraception required of all fertile patients

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior interleukin-2 Prior biologic response therapy allowed No chronic use of immunosuppressive medicines Chemotherapy: Prior chemotherapy allowed Endocrine therapy: No chronic steroid use Prior hormonal therapy allowed Radiotherapy: No prior or concurrent radiotherapy except as palliative to areas of painful metastases outside the lung Surgery: Not specified

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003009

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United States, California
USC/Norris Comprehensive Cancer Center
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033-0800
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Southern California
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Raymond A. Kempf, MD University of Southern California

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Responsible Party: University of Southern California Identifier: NCT00003009    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000065584 (0I-95-1)
First Posted: June 16, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 22, 2014
Last Verified: May 2014
Keywords provided by University of Southern California:
unspecified adult solid tumor, protocol specific
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Antineoplastic Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents