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Doxorubicin in Treating Patients With AIDS-Related Kaposi's Sarcoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002985
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 19, 2004
Last Update Posted : February 4, 2013
Information provided by:
Roswell Park Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known whether doxorubicin is more effective than daunorubicin for AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma.

PURPOSE: Randomized double-blinded phase III trial to determine if doxorubicin is more effective than daunorubicin in treating patients who have AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Sarcoma Drug: daunorubicin hydrochloride Drug: pegylated liposomal doxorubicin hydrochloride Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the clinical benefit of doxorubicin HCl liposome (Doxil) compared to baseline status in the treatment of AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma. II. Determine tumor response to Doxil as a corollary to clinical benefit. III. Evaluate the safety of Doxil.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, prospective, double blind, multicenter study. Patients are randomly assigned to receive doxorubicin HCl liposome (Doxil) or daunorubicin (DaunoXome) in a 3:1 ratio. Both Doxil and DauonoXome are given every 2 weeks for 6 courses by intravenous infusion over 60 minutes into a peripheral vein.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 80 patients will be studied.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Double-Blind Randomized Evaluation of Clinical Benefits of DOXIL in Patients With AIDS-Related Kaposi's Sarcoma Treated With DOXIL or DaunoXome
Study Start Date : November 1996
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2007

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma that requires systemic chemotherapy One or more of the following (Kaposi's sarcoma- or AIDS-associated): Edema that impairs functional activity Symptomatic, evaluable pulmonary Kaposi's sarcoma documented within 3 months before study Symptomatic, evaluable GI Kaposi's sarcoma documented within 3 months before study Moderate or severe pain despite the use of analgesics Lesion(s) that patient feels are disfiguring and impair patient's self-image or daily activities At least 5 bidimensionally measurable monocutaneous lesions

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Not specified Performance status: Karnofsky 40-100% Life expectancy: At least 120 days Hematopoietic: Neutrophil count at least 1,200 cells/mm3 Platelet count at least 75,000 cells/mm3 Hemoglobin at least 9.0 g/dL Hepatic: Creatinine less than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN) Bilirubin less than 2 times ULN Renal: Not specified Cardiovascular: Cardiac ejection fraction at least 50% No histopathological evidence of antracycline-induced cardiomyopathy Pulmonary: No significant non-Kaposi's sarcoma associated pulmonary insufficiency (defined as oxygen saturation less than 90%) Other: Not pregnant or nursing Fertile women must be using medically proven method of birth control No opportunistic infection in the past 4 weeks No other active malignancies except basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin or in situ cervical or anal carcinoma No neuropsychiatric history or altered mental status that prevents informed consent or compliance with protocol requirements

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: At least 14 days since prior anti-Kaposi's sarcoma therapy No prior Doxil or DaunoXome No concurrent cytotoxic chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No concurrent radiation therapy Surgery: Not specified Other: Antiviral therapy allowed Colony stimulating factors allowed Erythropoietin allowed Prophylactic therapy, maintenance therapy and treatment for HIV-associated opportunistic infections allowed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002985

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United States, New York
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14263-0001
Sponsors and Collaborators
Roswell Park Cancer Institute
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Study Chair: Lawrence P. Leichman, MD Albany Medical College
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00002985    
Other Study ID Numbers: DS 96-28
First Posted: May 19, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 4, 2013
Last Verified: February 2013
Keywords provided by Roswell Park Cancer Institute:
AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Sarcoma, Kaposi
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Herpesviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Neoplasms, Vascular Tissue
Liposomal doxorubicin
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action