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Gene Therapy in Treating Patients With Primary Brain Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002824
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 29, 2004
Last Update Posted : March 13, 2019
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Inserting the gene for herpes virus into a person's cells may improve the body's ability to fight cancer or make the cancer more sensitive to chemotherapy using antiviral drugs such as ganciclovir.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectivenesss of gene therapy in treating patients with primary brain tumors.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Biological: gene therapy Drug: chemotherapy Drug: ganciclovir Procedure: conventional surgery Phase 1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the response to a stereotactically administered recombinant adenovirus vector carrying the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene (H5.010RSVTK) followed by intravenous ganciclovir in patients with recurrent malignant glioma. II. Estimate the maximum tolerated dose of H5.010RSVTK in these patients. III. Describe the toxic effects of H5.010RSVTK. IV. Assess the efficiency of gene transfer and duration of transgene expression in these patients. V. Assess quantitative and qualitative glucose metabolic activity of tumoral sites by positron emission tomography. VI. Analyze the immunologic response to adenovirus transduction in these patients. VII. Determine the benefit and toxicity of multiple doses of H5.010RSVTK in patients with resectable tumors.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-finding study. All patients receive stereotactically injected H5.010RSVTK (a recombinant adenovirus vector containing the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene). Cohorts of 3-6 patients receive escalating doses of H5.010RSVTK until the maximum tolerated dose is reached. Ganciclovir is then given on the third post-injection day. Patients with unresectable tumors receive ganciclovir for 14 consecutive days. Patients with resectable tumors receive ganciclovir for 7 consecutive days before undergoing craniotomy with optimal debulking and injection of a second dose of the adenovirus vector followed by ganciclovir for 14 more days. Patients are followed monthly for survival.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 18 patients (9 with resectable tumors and 9 with unresectable tumors) will be entered over 3 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : February 1996

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 120 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed malignant glioma, including: Anaplastic astrocytoma Glioblastoma Evidence of recurrence by MRI and positron emission tomography despite primary treatment that included radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy Stereotactically accessible tumor Solitary tumor preferred Largest tumor surgically accessible for debulking if multifocal disease Not adjacent to optic chiasm or brain stem No subependymal spread No herniation or marked midline shift Consent for autopsy required

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: Karnofsky 70%-100% Hematopoietic: Hematologic parameters normal Hepatic: Hepatic parameters normal (less than twice normal if on anticonvulsants) Renal: Renal parameters normal Cardiovascular: No congestive heart failure No angina Other: No medical contraindication to neurosurgery and fluid injection into brain No serious uncontrolled infection Negative pregnancy test required of fertile women prior to entry Adequate contraception required of fertile women during and for 3 months after treatment

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 2 months since radiotherapy Surgery: Not specified

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002824

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United States, Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania Cancer Center
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Jane B. Alavi, MD Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00002824    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000065004
First Posted: July 29, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 13, 2019
Last Verified: July 2000
Keywords provided by Abramson Cancer Center of the University of Pennsylvania:
recurrent adult brain tumor
adult glioblastoma
adult anaplastic astrocytoma
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Brain Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Ganciclovir triphosphate
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action