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Combination Chemotherapy Before and After Surgery in Treating Patients With Stomach Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002783
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 24, 2004
Last Update Posted : July 3, 2013
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug and giving them in different ways may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of chemotherapy before and after surgery in treating patients with high-risk stomach cancer.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Gastric Cancer Drug: cisplatin Drug: floxuridine Drug: fluorouracil Drug: leucovorin calcium Procedure: conventional surgery Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of neoadjuvant cisplatin/fluorouracil (CDDP/5-FU) followed by surgery followed by adjuvant intraperitoneal floxuridine/leucovorin in patients with high-risk gastric cancer. II. Assess the quality of life and cost-benefit ratio associated with this treatment. III. Evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and overall staging accuracy of laparoscopy with or without laparoscopic ultrasound in predicting the resectability rate (with and without neoadjuvant CDDP/5-FU), response to chemotherapy, and accuracy when compared to pathologic findings. IV. Correlate the presence of mutated vs. wild-type p53 suppressor oncogenes in endoscopic biopsies and resected tumor specimens with clinical outcome (defined as downstaging, failure pattern, and disease-free and overall survival) in patients treated with and without neoadjuvant CDDP/5-FU.

OUTLINE: The following acronyms are used: CDDP Cisplatin, NSC-119875 CF Leucovorin calcium, NSC-3590 5-FU Fluorouracil, NSC-19893 FUDR Floxuridine, NSC-27640 2-Drug Combination Chemotherapy followed by Surgery followed by Single-Agent Chemotherapy with Drug Modulation. CDDP/5-FU; followed by total or subtotal radical gastrectomy with D2 dissection; followed by FUDR; with CF.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 50 patients will be entered over 2-2.5 years.


Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 50 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A PHASE II TRIAL OF NEOADJUVANT CISPLATIN-FLUOROURACIL CHEMOTHERAPY, SURGERY, AND INTRAPERITONEAL (IP) FLOXURIDINE (FUdR) PLUS LEUCOVORIN IN PATIENTS WITH GASTRIC CANCER
Study Start Date : May 1996
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2001
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2001

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Stomach Cancer
Drug Information available for: Floxuridine
U.S. FDA Resources





Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Microscopically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the stomach or gastroesophageal junction Reviewed by Department of Pathology of participating institution Stage II-IV (T2, N1-2, M0 or T3-4, any N, M0) by physical exam, CT, and laparoscopy Potentially curable by surgery Suspected sites of metastasis proven M0 prior to entry

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Any age Performance status: Karnofsky 60%-100% Hematopoietic: WBC at least 4,000 Platelets at least 150,000 Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2 mg/dL Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL OR Creatinine clearance greater than 50 mL/min BUN no greater than 30 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No NYHA class III/IV status No active angina No myocardial infarction within 6 months No significant ventricular arrhythmia requiring medication No clinically significant conduction system abnormality Other: No serious intercurrent infection No nonmalignant medical illness that is uncontrolled or precludes study participation No psychiatric disorder that precludes informed consent No clinically significant auditory impairment No second malignancy within 5 years except: Basal cell skin cancer Carcinoma in situ of the cervix No pregnant or nursing women Negative pregnancy test required of fertile women Effective contraception required of fertile patients

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00002783


Locations
United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Study Chair: David Paul Kelsen, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002783     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 96-027
CDR0000064831 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
NCI-H96-0916
First Posted: August 24, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 3, 2013
Last Verified: July 2013

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
stage II gastric cancer
stage III gastric cancer
stage IV gastric cancer
adenocarcinoma of the stomach

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stomach Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Stomach Diseases
Cisplatin
Fluorouracil
Floxuridine
Levoleucovorin
Antineoplastic Agents
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antidotes
Protective Agents