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Combination Chemotherapy Before and After Surgery in Treating Patients With Stomach Cancer

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: July 1, 2013
Last verified: July 2013

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug and giving them in different ways may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of chemotherapy before and after surgery in treating patients with high-risk stomach cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Gastric Cancer Drug: cisplatin Drug: floxuridine Drug: fluorouracil Drug: leucovorin calcium Procedure: conventional surgery Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:

Estimated Enrollment: 50
Study Start Date: May 1996
Study Completion Date: January 2001
Primary Completion Date: January 2001 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of neoadjuvant cisplatin/fluorouracil (CDDP/5-FU) followed by surgery followed by adjuvant intraperitoneal floxuridine/leucovorin in patients with high-risk gastric cancer. II. Assess the quality of life and cost-benefit ratio associated with this treatment. III. Evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and overall staging accuracy of laparoscopy with or without laparoscopic ultrasound in predicting the resectability rate (with and without neoadjuvant CDDP/5-FU), response to chemotherapy, and accuracy when compared to pathologic findings. IV. Correlate the presence of mutated vs. wild-type p53 suppressor oncogenes in endoscopic biopsies and resected tumor specimens with clinical outcome (defined as downstaging, failure pattern, and disease-free and overall survival) in patients treated with and without neoadjuvant CDDP/5-FU.

OUTLINE: The following acronyms are used: CDDP Cisplatin, NSC-119875 CF Leucovorin calcium, NSC-3590 5-FU Fluorouracil, NSC-19893 FUDR Floxuridine, NSC-27640 2-Drug Combination Chemotherapy followed by Surgery followed by Single-Agent Chemotherapy with Drug Modulation. CDDP/5-FU; followed by total or subtotal radical gastrectomy with D2 dissection; followed by FUDR; with CF.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 50 patients will be entered over 2-2.5 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Microscopically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the stomach or gastroesophageal junction Reviewed by Department of Pathology of participating institution Stage II-IV (T2, N1-2, M0 or T3-4, any N, M0) by physical exam, CT, and laparoscopy Potentially curable by surgery Suspected sites of metastasis proven M0 prior to entry

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Any age Performance status: Karnofsky 60%-100% Hematopoietic: WBC at least 4,000 Platelets at least 150,000 Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2 mg/dL Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL OR Creatinine clearance greater than 50 mL/min BUN no greater than 30 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No NYHA class III/IV status No active angina No myocardial infarction within 6 months No significant ventricular arrhythmia requiring medication No clinically significant conduction system abnormality Other: No serious intercurrent infection No nonmalignant medical illness that is uncontrolled or precludes study participation No psychiatric disorder that precludes informed consent No clinically significant auditory impairment No second malignancy within 5 years except: Basal cell skin cancer Carcinoma in situ of the cervix No pregnant or nursing women Negative pregnancy test required of fertile women Effective contraception required of fertile patients

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior chemotherapy or radiotherapy

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00002783

United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: David Paul Kelsen, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
  More Information Identifier: NCT00002783     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 96-027
CDR0000064831 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: July 1, 2013

Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
stage II gastric cancer
stage III gastric cancer
stage IV gastric cancer
adenocarcinoma of the stomach

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stomach Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Stomach Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protective Agents processed this record on September 21, 2017