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Vaccine Therapy, Chemotherapy, and GM-CSF in Treating Patients With Advanced Pancreatic Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: July 9, 2013
Last verified: April 2007

RATIONALE: Vaccines made from donated tumor cells treated with interferon alfa may make the body build an immune response to and kill pancreatic tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Colony-stimulating factors may help a person's immune system recover from the side effects of chemotherapy. Combining these treatments may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining vaccine therapy using donated tumor cells treated with interferon alfa and radiation therapy and cyclophosphamide plus GM-CSF in treating patients with advanced pancreatic cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Pancreatic Cancer Biological: allogeneic tumor cell vaccine Biological: recombinant interferon alfa Biological: sargramostim Drug: cyclophosphamide Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Study Start Date: May 1996
Study Completion Date: April 2004
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the feasibility, toxicity, and antitumor effects of active specific intralymphatic immunotherapy with allogeneic pancreatic cancer cells treated with interferon alfa plus low-dose adjuvant systemic sargramostim (GM-CSF) and cyclophosphamide in patients with incurable pancreatic adenocarcinoma. II. Assess the immunologic and biologic correlates of this treatment regimen in these patients.

OUTLINE: Cultured allogeneic pancreatic cancer cells are incubated with interferon alfa for 72-96 hours. Autologous cell lines, if established, may be used as an alternative. The cells are irradiated immediately prior to use. Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV on day -3 and sargramostim (GM-CSF) subcutaneously on days 0-8. On day 0, patients receive viable tumor cells via dorsal pedal lymphatic cannulation. Treatment repeats every 2-4 weeks for a minimum of 8 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients are followed every 2-4 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 14 patients will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the pancreas that is locoregionally active or metastatic and not amenable to cure or long-term control by surgery, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy No brain metastases refractory to irradiation or surgery

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: ECOG 0-3 OR Karnofsky 60-100% Life expectancy: At least 3 months Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Not specified Cardiovascular: No prior or concurrent significant cardiovascular disease Pulmonary: No prior or concurrent significant pulmonary disease Other: No AIDS HIV negative No prior or concurrent autoimmune disease No other concurrent major medical illness Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: No concurrent chronic steroid therapy Radiotherapy: See Disease Characteristics At least 4 weeks since prior radiotherapy Surgery: See Disease Characteristics Other: At least 4 weeks since other prior therapy

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00002773

United States, California
St. Vincent Medical Center - Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90057
Sponsors and Collaborators
St. Vincent Medical Center - Los Angeles
Study Chair: Charles L. Wiseman, MD, FACP St. Vincent Medical Center - Los Angeles
  More Information Identifier: NCT00002773     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SVMC-ONC-222P
CDR0000064749 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: July 9, 2013

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage II pancreatic cancer
stage III pancreatic cancer
recurrent pancreatic cancer
adenocarcinoma of the pancreas
stage IV pancreatic cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatic Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Pancreatic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Immunosuppressive Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Gastrointestinal Agents processed this record on July 25, 2017