Gene Therapy in Treating Children With Refractory or Recurrent Neuroblastoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002748
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 22, 2004
Last Update Posted : October 4, 2011
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Inserting the gene for interleukin-2 into a person's neuroblastoma cells may make the body build an immune response and kill tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of using interleukin-2 gene-modified neuroblastoma cells in treating children who have refractory or recurrent neuroblastoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Neuroblastoma Biological: gene-modified tumor cell vaccine therapy Biological: interleukin-2 gene Phase 1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the safety in children of recurrent neuroblastoma of two weekly subcutaneous injections of autologous, or partially HLA-matched allogeneic, neuroblastoma cells that have been modified by insertion of the interleukin-2 gene introduced by a retroviral vector. II. Determine whether multiple histocompatibility-restricted or unrestricted antitumor immune responses are induced by this treatment and the cell dose required to produce these effects. III. Obtain preliminary data on the antitumor effects of this regimen.

OUTLINE: Autologous or partially HLA-matched allogeneic neuroblastoma cells are transduced with a human gene for interleukin-2 production. Patients receive subcutaneous injections of the gene-modified cells on days 1 and 8, with the second injection containing 10 times more cells than the first injection. After a 3-4 week rest, stable and responding patients may receive additional weekly injections at the second dose. Cohorts of 3-6 patients will be entered at increasing cell doses until the maximum tolerated dose is estimated. Multiple injection sites may be used at the higher cell-dose levels. Patients are followed every week for 6 weeks, every other week for 6 weeks, and monthly for 1 year. Additional visits may be required as clinically indicated.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 12 patients each will be entered into the autologous and the partially HLA-matched allogeneic tumor cell treatment groups. Accrual is expected to require 4 years for the autologous tumor cell group and 2 years for the partially HLA-matched allogenic tumor cell group.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 38 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of Cytokine-Gene Modified Autologous or Partially Matched Allogeneic Neuroblastoma Cells for Treatment of Relapsed/Refractory Neuroblastoma
Study Start Date : December 1991
Actual Primary Completion Date : August 2007
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2007

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven high risk neuroblastoma at the completion of planned primary therapy No rapidly progressing disease Allogeneic transduced cell line available Demonstrated production of at least 150 picograms of interleukin-2 per 10 to the 6th cells per day

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Under 21 at diagnosis Performance status: ECOG 0-2 Life expectancy: At least 8 weeks Hematopoietic: (unless marrow replaced by tumor) Absolute neutrophil count greater than 500/mm3 Platelet count greater than 50,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 1.5 mg/dL AST no greater than 2 times normal PT normal Renal: Creatinine less than 1.5 mg/dL OR Creatinine clearance greater than 80 mL/min Urinalysis normal Metabolic: Electrolytes (including calcium, phosphate) normal Glucose normal Weight greater than 10th percentile for age Albumin greater than 3 g/dL Other: No active infection HIV negative Not pregnant or nursing

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: See Disease Characteristics Recovered from prior chemotherapy No concurrent antibiotics except prophylactic trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole No concurrent drugs other than analgesics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002748

United States, Tennessee
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105-2794
Sponsors and Collaborators
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: Gregory Hale, MD St. Jude Children's Research Hospital

Additional Information: Identifier: NCT00002748     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000064681
U01CA058211 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
P30CA021765 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: January 22, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 4, 2011
Last Verified: October 2011

Keywords provided by St. Jude Children's Research Hospital:
recurrent neuroblastoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Antineoplastic Agents
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs