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Surgery and Radiation Therapy With or Without Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Mouth Cancer

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified May 2007 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: September 19, 2013
Last verified: May 2007

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. It is not yet known if surgery plus radiation therapy is more effective with or without chemotherapy for treating mouth cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of surgery and radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy in treating patients with stage II, stage III, or stage IV mouth cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Head and Neck Cancer Drug: cisplatin Drug: fluorouracil Procedure: conventional surgery Radiation: low-LET cobalt-60 gamma ray therapy Radiation: low-LET photon therapy Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Estimated Enrollment: 240
Study Start Date: September 1992
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Assess the short- and long-term local control rates, disease-free survival, and overall survival following treatment with neoadjuvant cisplatin plus fluorouracil followed by surgery with or without radiotherapy vs surgery alone with or without radiotherapy in patients with previously untreated stage II-IV squamous cell carcinoma of the oral cavity. II. Assess the prognostic significance of clinical and pathologic responses to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in these patients. III. Compare the short- and long-term toxic effects of these two regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified by center and nodal status (N0 vs N1-2 vs N3). Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive cisplatin IV on day 1 and fluorouracil IV continuously on days 1-5. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients with stable disease after 2 courses or progressive disease at any time proceed to surgery. Patients undergo resection of the primary tumor site and possible nodal dissection no sooner than 2 weeks after completion of chemotherapy. Patients then undergo radiotherapy over 5-6 weeks no later than 8 weeks after surgery. Arm II: Patients undergo surgery and radiotherapy as in arm I. Patients are followed every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 2 years, and then yearly thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 240 patients will be accrued for this study over 9 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 70 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Squamous cell carcinoma of the lower oral cavity eligible for resection T2 (greater than 3 cm), T3, or T4, and N0-3 M0 (UICC staging system) No requirement for postsurgical reconstruction that would impede further radiotherapy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 70 and under Performance status: WHO 0 or 1 Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,500/mm3 Absolute neutrophil count at least 2,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 110,000/mm3 Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.3 mg/dL Creatinine clearance at least 50 mg/mL BUN no greater than 50 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No cardiopathy Other: No significant internal disease No prior malignancy except basal cell carcinoma of the skin No geographic barrier to treatment


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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00002747

Istituto Nazionale per lo Studio e la Cura dei Tumori
Milan, Italy, 20133
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Institute of Oncology
Study Chair: R. Molinari, MD Fondazione IRCCS Istituto Nazionale dei Tumori, Milano
  More Information Identifier: NCT00002747     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000064678
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: September 19, 2013

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage II squamous cell carcinoma of the lip and oral cavity
stage III squamous cell carcinoma of the lip and oral cavity
stage IV squamous cell carcinoma of the lip and oral cavity

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Squamous Cell
Neoplasms by Site
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on August 18, 2017