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Chemotherapy in Treating Children With Neuroblastoma

This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Children's Hospital Los Angeles Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: January 30, 2017
Last verified: January 2017

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Some tumors become resistant to chemotherapy drugs. Combining buthionine sulfoximine with chemotherapy may reduce resistance to the drug and allow more tumor cells to be killed.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of melphalan, buthionine sulfoximine, and G-CSF in treating children with progressive neuroblastoma that has not responded to previous therapy.

Condition Intervention Phase
Drug: buthionine sulfoximine
Drug: melphalan
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Children's Hospital Los Angeles:

Study Start Date: June 1996
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Describe the toxic effects of combined chemotherapy with buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) and melphalan (L-PAM) in pediatric patients with progressive neuroblastoma. II. Determine the pharmacokinetics of BSO/L-PAM in pediatric patients. III. Assess the ability of BSO to deplete glutathione by at least 90% in tumor metastatic to bone marrow, in normal marrow, and in peripheral blood lymphocytes. IV. Estimate the response rate in these patients treated with BSO/L-PAM within the confines of a pilot study.

OUTLINE: The following acronyms are used: BSO Buthionine sulfoximine, NSC-326231 L-PAM Melphalan, NSC-8806 G-CSF Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor, NSC-614629 Single-Agent Chemotherapy with Drug Resistance Inhibition. L-PAM/BSO.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: At least 18 patients will be entered to provide an adequate number of patients with marrow involvement; if the BSO dose is increased to achieve adequate GSH depletion in the marrow, an additional 12 patients will be entered. If less than 50% of patients have tumor metastatic to marrow at entry, there will be a proportional increase in the total number of patients required.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Neuroblastoma histologically confirmed at initial diagnosis or demonstration of malignant, small, round cell tumor with elevated catecholamine metabolites Refractory to conventional therapy and other higher priority therapy

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: No greater than 21 at diagnosis Performance status: 0-2 Life expectancy: At least 2 months Hematopoietic: Cytopenias from marrow involvement eligible with study chairman approval ANC at least 1,000 Platelets at least 100,000 (transfusion independent) Counts between 70,000-100,000 allowed provided: Autologous bone marrow or peripheral stem cells available for rescue Study chairman approves entry Hemoglobin at least 8 g/dL (may transfuse) Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times normal AST/ALT less than 2.5 times normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times normal OR Creatinine clearance or radioisotope GFR at least 70 mL/min per 1.73 square meters Pulmonary: No history of dyspnea at rest No exercise intolerance Other: No active infection requiring hospitalization No pregnant or nursing women Negative pregnancy test required of fertile women Effective contraception required of fertile patients during and for 2 months after study Patients unable to receive blood products due to religious reasons may receive buthionine sulfoximine alone

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: At least 6 months since myeloablative therapy with bone marrow transplantation Recovered from toxic effects of prior therapy Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: At least 3 weeks since chemotherapy (6 weeks since mitomycin or nitrosourea) Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: At least 6 weeks since radiotherapy to any extremity site or significant marrow-containing compartment At least 6 months since the following: More than 24 Gy craniospinal irradiation Total abdominopelvic plus lung irradiation Mantle plus Y-port irradiation Total-body irradiation No palliative radiotherapy to bony lesions within 1 month after entry Surgery: Not specified

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00002730

United States, California
Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90027-0700
UCSF Cancer Center and Cancer Research Institute
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115-0128
United States, Minnesota
University of Minnesota Cancer Center
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
United States, Pennsylvania
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Hospital Los Angeles
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Study Chair: C. Patrick Reynolds, MD, PhD Children's Hospital Los Angeles
  More Information Identifier: NCT00002730     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CHLA-95-083
CDR0000064620 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: January 30, 2017

Keywords provided by Children's Hospital Los Angeles:
recurrent neuroblastoma

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive, Peripheral
Neuroectodermal Tumors, Primitive
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Buthionine Sulfoximine
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Enzyme Inhibitors
Radiation-Protective Agents
Protective Agents processed this record on April 24, 2017