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Intravenous Compared With Intrahepatic Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Colorectal Cancer Metastatic to the Liver

The recruitment status of this study is unknown. The completion date has passed and the status has not been verified in more than two years.
Verified May 2007 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: December 18, 2013
Last verified: May 2007

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of intravenous infusion or intrahepatic infusion of fluorouracil and leucovorin in treating patients with colorectal cancer metastatic to the liver.

Condition Intervention Phase
Colorectal Cancer Metastatic Cancer Drug: fluorouracil Drug: isolated perfusion Drug: leucovorin calcium Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Estimated Enrollment: 312
Study Start Date: December 1994
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the survival and response rates of patients with colorectal liver metastases treated with intravenous vs. intrahepatic arterial infusion of fluorouracil/leucovorin. II. Assess the effect of these 2 treatments on symptoms and quality of life of these patients.

OUTLINE: Randomized study. Patients randomized to Arm II should have a preoperative hepatic angiography; at laparotomy, an intrahepatic arterial catheter is fused into the gastroduodenal artery to establish an infusion of both lobes of the liver. Arm I: Single-Agent Chemotherapy with Drug Modulation. Fluorouracil, 5-FU, NSC-19893; with Leucovorin calcium, CF, NSC-3590. Intravenous infusion. Arm II: Single-Agent Chemotherapy with Drug Modulation. 5-FU; with CF. Intrahepatic arterial infusion.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: 312 patients are expected to be randomized within 3-4 years.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum with metastases confined to the liver and not amenable to surgery

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Any age Performance status: WHO 0-2 Life expectancy: More than 3 months Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,000/mm3 Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 3.5 mg/dL (50 micromoles/liter) Renal: Not specified Cardiovascular: No uncontrolled heart disease (e.g., congestive heart failure, angina) Other: No uncontrolled infection No other uncontrolled medical illness

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior fluorouracil (5-FU) for advanced disease More than 6 months since adjuvant 5-FU (e.g., in AXIS or QUASAR studies)

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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00002692

United Kingdom
University Birmingham
Birmingham, England, United Kingdom, B15 2TT
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical Research Council
Study Chair: David J. Kerr, MD, FRCP, DSc University Hospital Birmingham
  More Information

McArdle C: IV versus IHA 5FU/leucovorin for colorectal liver metastases: preliminary results of the MRC CR05 EORTC 40972 randomised trial. [Abstract] Br J Cancer 85 (suppl 1): A-CT2. 1, 2001.
McArdle C, Kerr DJ, Ledermann J, et al.: Intravenous (IV) vs intrahepatic (IHA) 5FU/leucovorin for colorectal (CRC) liver metastases: preliminary results of the MRC CR05/EORTC 40972 randomised trial. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 20: A-499, 2001.
McArdle C, Kerr DJ, Ledermann J, et al.: Intravenous (IV) vs intrahepatic arterial (IHA) 5-FU/leucovorin for colorectal (CRC) liver metastasis: preliminary results of the MRC CRO5/EORTC 40972 randomised trial. [Abstract] Eur J Cancer 37 (suppl 6): A-955, s257, 2001. Identifier: NCT00002692     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000064434
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: December 18, 2013

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage IV colon cancer
stage IV rectal cancer
recurrent colon cancer
recurrent rectal cancer
adenocarcinoma of the colon
adenocarcinoma of the rectum
liver metastases

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Neoplastic Processes
Pathologic Processes
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protective Agents processed this record on June 22, 2017