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Sequential High-Dose Chemotherapy and Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Chemotherapy-Sensitive Metastatic Breast Cancer

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002680
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 29, 2004
Last Update Posted : July 24, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yale University

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with peripheral stem cell transplantation may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of sequential high-dose chemotherapy followed by peripheral stem cell transplantation in treating patients with metastatic breast cancer that is responding to chemotherapy.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Breast Cancer Biological: filgrastim Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: megestrol acetate Drug: melphalan Drug: tamoxifen citrate Drug: thiotepa Procedure: conventional surgery Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the feasibility and efficacy of sequential high-dose cyclophosphamide, melphalan, and thiotepa plus autologous peripheral blood stem cell rescue in patients with metastatic breast cancer with ongoing objective response to prior induction chemotherapy.

OUTLINE: Patients receive sequential therapy beginning with regimen A. Regimen A: Patients receive cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour every 6 hours or more for 4 doses within 36 hours. Patients receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously (SC) daily beginning 2 days after completion of cyclophosphamide and continuing until autologous peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) are harvested. Regimen B: Beginning at least 3 weeks after initiation of regimen A, patients receive melphalan IV on days 1 and 2. Beginning on day 4, a portion of the PBSC are reinfused. Patients receive G-CSF SC daily beginning on day 4 and continuing until at least day 10. Regimen C: Beginning at least 3 weeks after initiation of regimen B, patients receive thiotepa IV over 2 hours on days 1 and 2. Beginning on day 5, the remaining PBSC are reinfused. Patients receive G-CSF SC daily beginning on day 5 and continuing until blood counts recover. During regimens A, B, and C, G-CSF must be discontinued at least 2 days before administration of any chemotherapy. Regimen D: After recovery from chemotherapy, patients with hormone receptor-positive tumors and no prior refractoriness to hormonal therapies receive oral tamoxifen daily, while patients with prior failure on tamoxifen receive oral megestrol 4 times daily. Patients undergo irradiation to sites of prior cutaneous, nodal, bone, or soft tissue bulk disease and resection of residual lesions. Patients are followed weekly for 1 month, biweekly for 2 months, monthly for 5 months, and then bimonthly for 1 year.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A minimum of 30 patients will be accrued for this study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 40 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Sequential High-Dose Alkylating Agents in Metastatic Breast Cancer
Study Start Date : February 1994
Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2000
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2000

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Breast Cancer

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven stage IV breast carcinoma that is considered incurable by standard treatment Ongoing objective response to prior induction chemotherapy required No brain metastasis Hormone receptor status: Estrogen and progesterone receptor status known

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Over 18 Sex: Not specified Menopausal status: Not specified Performance status: Karnofsky 90-100% Life expectancy: More than 3 months Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1,500/mm3 Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3 Hemoglobin greater than 9 g/dL Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (unless due to benign congenital hyperbilirubinemia) PT and aPTT normal Liver biopsy normal if serologic evidence of active hepatitis B or C Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.2 mg/dL Cardiovascular: No active heart disease LVEF at least 50% and no abnormal wall motion by MUGA scan Pulmonary: DLCO normal Other: Nutritional status adequate (more than 1,000 calories/day orally) HIV negative No other active serious medical or psychiatric disease No other prior malignancy except basal cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix uteri Not pregnant Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective barrier contraception during and for up to 2 years after study

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No prior mitomycin or nitrosourea No prior anthracycline greater than 500/m2 unless previously received dexrazoxane At least 4 weeks since other prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy to pelvis or brain Surgery: At least 2 weeks since prior major surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002680

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United States, Connecticut
Yale Comprehensive Cancer Center
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06520-8028
Sponsors and Collaborators
Yale University
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Study Chair: Michael DiGiovanna, MD Yale University

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Responsible Party: Yale University Identifier: NCT00002680     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000064338
First Posted: April 29, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 24, 2013
Last Verified: August 2009
Keywords provided by Yale University:
stage IV breast cancer
recurrent breast cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Megestrol Acetate
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Contraceptives, Oral, Synthetic
Contraceptives, Oral
Contraceptive Agents, Female