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Combination Chemotherapy Alone or With Radiation Therapy in Treating Children With Kidney Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00002611
First Posted: January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted: July 24, 2014
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Children's Oncology Group
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. It is not yet known whether combination chemotherapy alone or combination chemotherapy plus radiation therapy is more effective for childhood kidney cancer.

PURPOSE: Phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy in treating children who have kidney cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Kidney Cancer Biological: dactinomycin Biological: filgrastim Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride Drug: etoposide Drug: vincristine sulfate Procedure: conventional surgery Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: NATIONAL WILMS TUMOR STUDY-5 -- THERAPEUTIC TRIAL AND BIOLOGY STUDY

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Children's Oncology Group:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Progression free survival

Enrollment: 3031
Study Start Date: July 1995
Study Completion Date: August 2003
Primary Completion Date: June 2002 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Stratum 1
Stage I favorable histology (FH) Wilms' tumor, under 24 months of age, and tumor weight less than 550 g: After conventional surgery (nephrectomy), patients receive regimen EE-4A comprising dactinomycin (DACT) IV weekly on weeks 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 and vincristine sulfate (VCR) IV weekly on weeks 1-10, 12, 15, and 18.
Biological: dactinomycin Drug: vincristine sulfate Procedure: conventional surgery
Active Comparator: Stratum 2
Stage I FH Wilms' tumor and age 24 months and over or tumor weight at least 550 g; stage I focal anaplastic (FA) or diffuse anaplastic (DA) Wilms' tumor: Patients receive regimen EE-4A comprising dactinomycin (DACT) IV weekly on weeks 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 and vincristine sulfate (VCR) IV weekly on weeks 1-10, 12, 15, and 18.
Biological: dactinomycin Drug: vincristine sulfate
Active Comparator: Stratum 3
Stage II FH Wilms' tumor: Patients receive regimen EE-4A comprising dactinomycin (DACT) IV weekly on weeks 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 and vincristine sulfate (VCR) IV weekly on weeks 1-10, 12, 15, and 18.
Biological: dactinomycin Drug: vincristine sulfate
Active Comparator: Stratum 4
Stage III FH Wilms' tumor; stage II or III FA Wilms' tumor: After conventional surgery (nephrectomy), patients receive regimen DD-4A comprising dactinomycin DACT IV weekly on weeks 0, 6, 12, 18, and 24; doxorubicin hydrochloride IV weekly on weeks 3, 9, 15, and 21; and vincristine sulfate VCR IV weekly on weeks 1-10, 12, 15, 18, 21, and 24. Patients also undergo abdominal radiation therapy.
Biological: dactinomycin Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Source and Pharmacology: An anthracycline antibiotic isolated from cultures of Streptomyces peucetius. Binds to DNA and inhibits nucleic acid synthesis, with its major lethal effect occurring during the S phase of the cell cycle. Has some topoisomerase II inhibitory activity. Since it is primarily excreted by the liver, any liver impairment may enhance toxicity. 40% to 50% is excreted in the bile; <5% in the urine. The drug has a very short initial t½ of <20 minutes and a terminal t½ of 17 hours. Animal studies indicate cytotoxic levels persist in tissue for as long as 24 hours.
Other Names:
  • NSC #123127
  • (Adriamycin)
Drug: vincristine sulfate Procedure: conventional surgery Radiation: radiation therapy
Active Comparator: Stratum 5
Stage IV FH or FA Wilms' tumor: patients receive regimen DD-4A comprising dactinomycin DACT IV weekly on weeks 0, 6, 12, 18, and 24; doxorubicin hydrochloride IV weekly on weeks 3, 9, 15, and 21; and vincristine sulfate VCR IV weekly on weeks 1-10, 12, 15, 18, 21, and 24. Patients also undergo abdominal radiation therapy, and whole lung radiation therapy (at the discretion of the investigator).
Biological: dactinomycin Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Source and Pharmacology: An anthracycline antibiotic isolated from cultures of Streptomyces peucetius. Binds to DNA and inhibits nucleic acid synthesis, with its major lethal effect occurring during the S phase of the cell cycle. Has some topoisomerase II inhibitory activity. Since it is primarily excreted by the liver, any liver impairment may enhance toxicity. 40% to 50% is excreted in the bile; <5% in the urine. The drug has a very short initial t½ of <20 minutes and a terminal t½ of 17 hours. Animal studies indicate cytotoxic levels persist in tissue for as long as 24 hours.
Other Names:
  • NSC #123127
  • (Adriamycin)
Drug: vincristine sulfate
Active Comparator: Stratum 6
Stage V FH, FA, or DA Wilms' tumor: After bilateral conventional surgery (biopsy), patients with FH receive chemotherapy as in stratum 1 (dactinomycin IV weeks 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 and vincristine sulfate IV weeks 1-10, 12, 15, and 18) or 4 (dactinomycin IV weeks 0, 6, 12, 18, and 24; doxorubicin hydrochloride IV weeks 3, 9, 15, and 21; and vincristine sulfate VCR IV weeks 1-10, 12, 15, 18, 21, and 24). Patients with FA or DA receive chemotherapy as in stratum 7 (vincristine sulfate VCR IV weeks 1, 2, 4-8, 10-13, 18, and 24; cyclophosphamide sulfate (CTX) IV over 1 hour on days 1-3 of weeks 6, 12, 18, and 24 and on days 1-5 of weeks 3, 9, 15, and 21; doxorubicin hydrochloride IV (beginning after CTX infusion) weeks 0, 6, 12, 18, and 24; and etoposide (VP-16) IV over 1 hour (beginning after CTX infusion) on days 1-5 of weeks 3, 9, 15, and 21. Filgrastim (G-CSF) is administered subcutaneously (SC) beginning 24 hours after completion of chemotherapy.
Biological: dactinomycin Biological: filgrastim Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Source and Pharmacology: An anthracycline antibiotic isolated from cultures of Streptomyces peucetius. Binds to DNA and inhibits nucleic acid synthesis, with its major lethal effect occurring during the S phase of the cell cycle. Has some topoisomerase II inhibitory activity. Since it is primarily excreted by the liver, any liver impairment may enhance toxicity. 40% to 50% is excreted in the bile; <5% in the urine. The drug has a very short initial t½ of <20 minutes and a terminal t½ of 17 hours. Animal studies indicate cytotoxic levels persist in tissue for as long as 24 hours.
Other Names:
  • NSC #123127
  • (Adriamycin)
Drug: etoposide Drug: vincristine sulfate Procedure: conventional surgery
Active Comparator: Stratum 7
Stages I-IV clear cell sarcoma): After conventional surgery (nephrectomy), patients receive vincristine sulfate VCR IV weekly on weeks 1, 2, 4-8, 10-13, 18, and 24; cyclophosphamide sulfate (CTX) IV over 1 hour on days 1-3 of weeks 6, 12, 18, and 24 and on days 1-5 of weeks 3, 9, 15, and 21; doxorubicin hydrochloride IV (beginning after CTX infusion) weekly on weeks 0, 6, 12, 18, and 24; and etoposide (VP-16) IV over 1 hour (beginning after CTX infusion) on days 1-5 of weeks 3, 9, 15, and 21. Filgrastim (G-CSF) is administered subcutaneously (SC) beginning 24 hours after completion of chemotherapy and continuing until blood counts recover. Patients also undergo abdominal radiotherapy and whole lung radiotherapy (if pulmonary metastases are present).
Biological: filgrastim Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Source and Pharmacology: An anthracycline antibiotic isolated from cultures of Streptomyces peucetius. Binds to DNA and inhibits nucleic acid synthesis, with its major lethal effect occurring during the S phase of the cell cycle. Has some topoisomerase II inhibitory activity. Since it is primarily excreted by the liver, any liver impairment may enhance toxicity. 40% to 50% is excreted in the bile; <5% in the urine. The drug has a very short initial t½ of <20 minutes and a terminal t½ of 17 hours. Animal studies indicate cytotoxic levels persist in tissue for as long as 24 hours.
Other Names:
  • NSC #123127
  • (Adriamycin)
Drug: etoposide Procedure: conventional surgery Radiation: radiation therapy
Active Comparator: Stratum 8
Stages II-IV DA Wilms' tumor: After conventional surgery (nephrectomy), Patients receive treatment as in stratum 7 (patients receive vincristine sulfate VCR IV weekly on weeks 1, 2, 4-8, 10-13, 18, and 24; cyclophosphamide sulfate (CTX) IV over 1 hour on days 1-3 of weeks 6, 12, 18, and 24 and on days 1-5 of weeks 3, 9, 15, and 21; doxorubicin hydrochloride IV (beginning after CTX infusion) weekly on weeks 0, 6, 12, 18, and 24; and etoposide (VP-16) IV over 1 hour (beginning after CTX infusion) on days 1-5 of weeks 3, 9, 15, and 21. Filgrastim (G-CSF) is administered subcutaneously (SC) beginning 24 hours after completion of chemotherapy and continuing until blood counts recover. Patients also undergo abdominal radiotherapy and whole lung radiotherapy (if pulmonary metastases are present).
Biological: filgrastim Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride
Source and Pharmacology: An anthracycline antibiotic isolated from cultures of Streptomyces peucetius. Binds to DNA and inhibits nucleic acid synthesis, with its major lethal effect occurring during the S phase of the cell cycle. Has some topoisomerase II inhibitory activity. Since it is primarily excreted by the liver, any liver impairment may enhance toxicity. 40% to 50% is excreted in the bile; <5% in the urine. The drug has a very short initial t½ of <20 minutes and a terminal t½ of 17 hours. Animal studies indicate cytotoxic levels persist in tissue for as long as 24 hours.
Other Names:
  • NSC #123127
  • (Adriamycin)
Drug: etoposide Drug: vincristine sulfate Procedure: conventional surgery Radiation: radiation therapy
Active Comparator: Stratum 9
Stages I-IV rhabdoid tumor: After conventional surgery (nephrectomy), patients receive carboplatin IV on days 1-2 and VP-16 IV over 1 hour (beginning after carboplatin infusion) on days 1-3 of weeks 0, 3, 9, 12, 18, and 21 and CTX IV over 1 hour on days 1-5 of weeks 6, 15, and 24. Filgrastim G-CSF is administered as on stratum 7. Patients also undergo radiation therapy. After completion of chemotherapy, patients undergo second-look conventional surgery (laparotomy) and conventional surgery (partial nephrectomy or wedge excision if feasible). After conventional surgery (second-look surgery), patients without persistent or residual disease resume chemotherapy.
Biological: filgrastim Drug: etoposide Procedure: conventional surgery Radiation: radiation therapy

  Show Detailed Description

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 15 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically confirmed stage I-V kidney cancer of one of the following histologies:

    • Wilms' tumor, favorable histology
    • Wilms' tumor, focal or diffuse anaplastic
    • Clear cell sarcoma
    • Rhabdoid tumor

      • (The rhabdoid tumor stratum closed to accrual effective 07/13/2001)
  • Prior nephrectomy or biopsy required

    • Prior bilateral biopsy (preferably open) with bilateral staging and pathologic evaluation required for bilateral tumor
  • Must begin study therapy within 5 days after nephrectomy (unless medically contraindicated)

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • Under 16

Performance status:

  • Not specified

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic:

  • Not specified

Hepatic:

  • Not specified

Renal:

  • Not specified

Other:

  • Not pregnant
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy:

  • No prior chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy:

  • No prior radiotherapy

Surgery:

  • See Disease Characteristics
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00002611


  Show 235 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Children's Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Study Chair: Daniel M. Green, MD Roswell Park Cancer Institute
  More Information

Publications:
Gadd S, Huff V, Huang CC, Ruteshouser EC, Dome JS, Grundy PE, Breslow N, Jennings L, Green DM, Beckwith JB, Perlman EJ. Clinically relevant subsets identified by gene expression patterns support a revised ontogenic model of Wilms tumor: a Children's Oncology Group Study. Neoplasia. 2012 Aug;14(8):742-56.
Perlman EJ, Grundy PE, Anderson JR, Jennings LJ, Green DM, Dome JS, Shamberger RC, Ruteshouser EC, Huff V. WT1 mutation and 11P15 loss of heterozygosity predict relapse in very low-risk wilms tumors treated with surgery alone: a children's oncology group study. J Clin Oncol. 2011 Feb 20;29(6):698-703. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2010.31.5192. Epub 2010 Dec 28.
Fernandez CV, Anderson J, Breslow NE, Dome JS, Grundy PE, Perlman EJ, Green DM; National Wilms Tumor Study Group/Children's Oncology Group. Anthropomorphic measurements and event-free survival in patients with favorable histology Wilms tumor: a report from the Children's Oncology Group. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2009 Feb;52(2):254-8. doi: 10.1002/pbc.21809.
Huang CC, Gadd S, Breslow N, Cutcliffe C, Sredni ST, Helenowski IB, Dome JS, Grundy PE, Green DM, Fritsch MK, Perlman EJ. Predicting relapse in favorable histology Wilms tumor using gene expression analysis: a report from the Renal Tumor Committee of the Children's Oncology Group. Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Mar 1;15(5):1770-8. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-08-1030. Epub 2009 Feb 10.
Malogolowkin M, Cotton CA, Green DM, Breslow NE, Perlman E, Miser J, Ritchey ML, Thomas PR, Grundy PE, D'Angio GJ, Beckwith JB, Shamberger RC, Haase GM, Donaldson M, Weetman R, Coppes MJ, Shearer P, Coccia P, Kletzel M, Macklis R, Tomlinson G, Huff V, Newbury R, Weeks D; National Wilms Tumor Study Group. Treatment of Wilms tumor relapsing after initial treatment with vincristine, actinomycin D, and doxorubicin. A report from the National Wilms Tumor Study Group. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2008 Feb;50(2):236-41.
Dome JS, Cotton CA, Perlman EJ, Breslow NE, Kalapurakal JA, Ritchey ML, Grundy PE, Malogolowkin M, Beckwith JB, Shamberger RC, Haase GM, Coppes MJ, Coccia P, Kletzel M, Weetman RM, Donaldson M, Macklis RM, Green DM. Treatment of anaplastic histology Wilms' tumor: results from the fifth National Wilms' Tumor Study. J Clin Oncol. 2006 May 20;24(15):2352-8.
Ehrlich PF, Hamilton TE, Grundy P, Ritchey M, Haase G, Shamberger RC; National Wilms' Tumor Study Group (National Wilms' Tumor Study 5). The value of surgery in directing therapy for patients with Wilms' tumor with pulmonary disease. A report from the National Wilms' Tumor Study Group (National Wilms' Tumor Study 5). J Pediatr Surg. 2006 Jan;41(1):162-7; discussion 162-7.
Seibel NL, Sun J, Anderson JR, et al.: Outcome of clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (CCSK) treated on the National Wilms Tumor Study-5 (NWTS). [Abstract] J Clin Oncol 24 (Suppl 18): A-9000, 502s, 2006.
Dome JS, Bockhold CA, Li SM, Baker SD, Green DM, Perlman EJ, Hill DA, Breslow NE. High telomerase RNA expression level is an adverse prognostic factor for favorable-histology Wilms' tumor. J Clin Oncol. 2005 Dec 20;23(36):9138-45. Epub 2005 Sep 19.
Ehrlich PF, Ritchey ML, Hamilton TE, Haase GM, Ou S, Breslow N, Grundy P, Green D, Norkool P, Becker J, Shamberger RC. Quality assessment for Wilms' tumor: a report from the National Wilms' Tumor Study-5. J Pediatr Surg. 2005 Jan;40(1):208-12; discussion 212-3.
Grundy PE, Breslow NE, Li S, Perlman E, Beckwith JB, Ritchey ML, Shamberger RC, Haase GM, D'Angio GJ, Donaldson M, Coppes MJ, Malogolowkin M, Shearer P, Thomas PR, Macklis R, Tomlinson G, Huff V, Green DM; National Wilms Tumor Study Group. Loss of heterozygosity for chromosomes 1p and 16q is an adverse prognostic factor in favorable-histology Wilms tumor: a report from the National Wilms Tumor Study Group. J Clin Oncol. 2005 Oct 10;23(29):7312-21. Epub 2005 Aug 29.
Miller MA, Karacay B, Breslow NE, Li S, O'Dorisio MS, Grundy PE, Sandler AD. Prognostic value of quantifying apoptosis factor expression in favorable histology wilms tumors. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2005 Jan;27(1):11-4.
Grundy PE, Green DM, Dirks AC, Berendt AE, Breslow NE, Anderson JR, Dome JS. Clinical significance of pulmonary nodules detected by CT and Not CXR in patients treated for favorable histology Wilms tumor on national Wilms tumor studies-4 and -5: a report from the Children's Oncology Group. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2012 Oct;59(4):631-5. doi: 10.1002/pbc.24123. Epub 2012 Mar 15.
Kieran K, Anderson JR, Dome JS, Ehrlich PF, Ritchey ML, Shamberger RC, Perlman EJ, Green DM, Davidoff AM. Lymph node involvement in Wilms tumor: results from National Wilms Tumor Studies 4 and 5. J Pediatr Surg. 2012 Apr;47(4):700-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2011.08.017.
Lange J, Peterson SM, Takashima JR, Grigoriev Y, Ritchey ML, Shamberger RC, Beckwith JB, Perlman E, Green DM, Breslow NE. Risk factors for end stage renal disease in non-WT1-syndromic Wilms tumor. J Urol. 2011 Aug;186(2):378-86. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2011.03.110. Epub 2011 Jun 17.
Kalapurakal JA, Green DM, Haase G, Anderson JR, Dome JS, Grundy PE. Outcomes of children with favorable histology wilms tumor and peritoneal implants treated in National Wilms Tumor Studies-4 and -5. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2010 Jun 1;77(2):554-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2009.04.081.
Ehrlich PF, Ferrer FA, Ritchey ML, Anderson JR, Green DM, Grundy PE, Dome JS, Kalapurakal JA, Perlman EJ, Shamberger RC. Hepatic metastasis at diagnosis in patients with Wilms tumor is not an independent adverse prognostic factor for stage IV Wilms tumor: a report from the Children's Oncology Group/National Wilms Tumor Study Group. Ann Surg. 2009 Oct;250(4):642-8. doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e3181b76f20.
Ritchey M, Daley S, Shamberger RC, Ehrlich P, Hamilton T, Haase G, Sawin R; National Wilms' Tumor Study Group. Ureteral extension in Wilms' tumor: a report from the National Wilms' Tumor Study Group (NWTSG). J Pediatr Surg. 2008 Sep;43(9):1625-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2008.01.067.
van den Heuvel-Eibrink MM, Grundy P, Graf N, Pritchard-Jones K, Bergeron C, Patte C, van Tinteren H, Rey A, Langford C, Anderson JR, de Kraker J. Characteristics and survival of 750 children diagnosed with a renal tumor in the first seven months of life: A collaborative study by the SIOP/GPOH/SFOP, NWTSG, and UKCCSG Wilms tumor study groups. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2008 Jun;50(6):1130-4.
Breslow NE, Beckwith JB, Perlman EJ, Reeve AE. Age distributions, birth weights, nephrogenic rests, and heterogeneity in the pathogenesis of Wilms tumor. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2006 Sep;47(3):260-7.
Kalapurakal JA, Nan B, Norkool P, Coppes M, Perlman E, Beckwith B, Ritchey M, Breslow N, Grundy P, D'angio GJ, Green DM, Thomas PR. Treatment outcomes in adults with favorable histologic type Wilms tumor-an update from the National Wilms Tumor Study Group. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2004 Dec 1;60(5):1379-84.

Responsible Party: Children's Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002611     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 9440
COG-Q9401 ( Other Identifier: Children's Oncology Group )
NWTS-Q9401 ( Other Identifier: NWTS )
CCG-4941 ( Other Identifier: Children's Cancer Group )
POG-9440 ( Other Identifier: Pediatric Oncology Group )
INT-0150
NWTS-5 ( Other Identifier: NWTS )
CDR0000063901 ( Other Identifier: NCI )
First Submitted: November 1, 1999
First Posted: January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted: July 24, 2014
Last Verified: July 2014

Keywords provided by Children's Oncology Group:
stage I Wilms tumor
stage II Wilms tumor
stage III Wilms tumor
stage IV Wilms tumor
stage V Wilms tumor
clear cell sarcoma of the kidney

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Kidney Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Renal Cell
Wilms Tumor
Urologic Neoplasms
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Kidney Diseases
Urologic Diseases
Adenocarcinoma
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed
Neoplastic Syndromes, Hereditary
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Cyclophosphamide
Liposomal doxorubicin
Etoposide phosphate
Doxorubicin
Etoposide
Vincristine
Dactinomycin
Lenograstim
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents


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