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Chemotherapy and Bone Marrow Transplantation in Treating Patients Acute Myeloid With Leukemia or Myelodysplastic Syndrome

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002547
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 24, 2004
Last Update Posted : August 7, 2012
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with bone marrow transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy and kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of bone marrow transplantation following combination chemotherapy in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome .

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Myelodysplastic Syndromes Drug: busulfan Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: cyclosporine Drug: cytarabine Drug: methotrexate Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation Procedure: syngeneic bone marrow transplantation Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine overall and leukemia-free survival of patients with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome treated with busulfan and cyclophosphamide (low-risk patients) or cytarabine, busulfan, and cyclophosphamide (high-risk patients) followed by allogeneic or syngeneic bone marrow transplantation. II. Compare the therapeutic effects of these cytoreduction regimens with those reported in the literature for similar patients who undergo syngeneic or allogeneic marrow transplantation following cytoreduction that includes total-body irradiation. III. Determine the early and late toxic effects produced by these chemotherapy regimens in this patient population.

OUTLINE: Low-risk patients (those in first complete remission (CR) who achieved CR with 1 course of chemotherapy) are treated on Regimen A. High-risk patients (those in second or subsequent CR who required more than 1 course of chemotherapy to achieve first CR or those with myelodysplastic syndrome) are treated on Regimen B. All patients undergo diagnostic lumbar puncture prior to beginning therapy and fluid is examined for CNS disease. Patients receive methotrexate IT along with the tap. Prior to initiation of chemotherapy, patients with CNS disease present on diagnostic lumbar puncture receive methotrexate IT every 2-3 days until lumbar puncture shows no leukemia cells and then 1 additional dose. Cytoreductive chemotherapy begins 3 days after the last dose of methotrexate. Regimen A: Patients receive oral busulfan every 6 hours on days -7 to -4 for a total of 16 doses and cyclophosphamide IV over 2 hours on days -3 and -2. Allogeneic bone marrow is infused on day 0. Regimen B: Patients receive oral busulfan every 6 hours on days -9 to -6 for a total of 16 doses. Patients receive cytarabine IV over 1 hour every 12 hours on days -5 and -4 and cyclophosphamide IV over 2 hours on days -3 and -2. Allogeneic bone marrow is infused on day 0. Graft versus host disease prophylaxis: Patients receive cyclosporine IV continuously on days -1 to 28 followed by a taper of oral cyclosporine until day 180. Patients receive methotrexate IV on days 1, 3, 6, and 11. CNS disease prophylaxis: Patients receive 5 more doses of methotrexate IT weekly beginning between days 50 and 70. In addition, patients with history of CNS disease receive 1 dose of methotrexate IT monthly for 1 year. Patients are followed frequently during the first 100 days, at 6 months, 1 year, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 40 patients will be accrued for this study within 2.7 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 280 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : August 1987
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2003
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2003

Intervention Details:
  • Drug: busulfan
    Other Names:
    • Busulfex®
    • Myleran®
  • Drug: cyclophosphamide
    Other Names:
    • Cytoxan®
    • Neosar®
  • Drug: cyclosporine
    Other Names:
    • Gengraf
    • Neoral
    • Sandimmune
    • Sangcya
  • Drug: cytarabine
    Other Names:
    • DepoCytTM
    • Liposomal Ara-C
  • Drug: methotrexate
    Other Names:
    • Rheumatrex®
    • TrexallTM
    • Amethopterin
    • Methotrexate Sodium
    • MTX
  • Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation
  • Procedure: syngeneic bone marrow transplantation

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 60 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: The following hematologic malignancies are eligible: Acute nonlymphocytic leukemia in one of the following categories: In complete remission In early relapse Newly diagnosed FAB types M6 and M7 Myelodysplastic syndromes including: Refractory anemia with excessive blasts Refractory anemia with excessive blasts in transformation Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia Secondary acute myeloid leukemia Transplantation priority given in decreasing order of: First remission Second remission Third remission Early relapse, with priority further reduced for: Refractory response to platelet transfusion Severe infection within 6 weeks prior to referral History of major organ pathology or insult (hepatitis, renal damage, pulmonary disease, cystitis, etc.) CNS disease allowed but priority status for transplantation lowered Donor Criteria: Sibling or matched related/unrelated donor required Donor priority as follows: Monozygotic twin Genotypical or phenotypical HLA-A, -B, -C, and -D match Match at any 2 loci (A, B, Dr) on the other haplotype ABO-compatible donor preferred Marrow processed to eliminate mismatched erythrocytes if ABO incompatible In case of multiple donors, priority is: ABO compatibility Age over 18 Same sex No physiologic, psychologic, or medical contraindication to donation procedure No increased anesthetic risk due to pre-existing illness HIV negative

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 6 months to 60 years Performance status: No preterminal or moribund patients Life expectancy: No severe limits on life expectancy due to diseases other than leukemia Hematopoietic: See Disease Characteristics Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Transaminases no greater than 3 times normal No severe hepatic disease Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.5 mg/dL OR Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min No severe renal disease No history of severe cystitis with cyclophosphamide Cardiovascular: LVEF at least 50% No symptomatic cardiac disease Pulmonary: FEV1 and FVC at least 75% of normal No severe pulmonary disease Other: HIV negative No severe personality disorder or severe mental illness No condition (such as substance abuse) that would markedly increase the morbidity and mortality of transplantation Criteria of hepatic, renal, cardiac, and pulmonary function and mental illness are used only for initial screening of potential candidates; patients who do not meet these criteria may still be eligible at the discretion of the transplant team

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: See Disease Characteristics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002547

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United States, Michigan
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
Sponsors and Collaborators
Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Principal Investigator: Esteban Abella, MD Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute

Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00002547    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000063305
P30CA022453 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
First Posted: May 24, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 7, 2012
Last Verified: August 2012
Keywords provided by Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute:
recurrent childhood acute myeloid leukemia
recurrent adult acute myeloid leukemia
untreated adult acute myeloid leukemia
untreated childhood acute myeloid leukemia and other myeloid malignancies
adult acute myeloid leukemia in remission
childhood acute myeloid leukemia in remission
adult acute erythroid leukemia (M6)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation (M2)
adult acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)
adult acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4)
adult acute monoblastic leukemia (M5a)
adult acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (M7)
childhood acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1)
childhood acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation (M2)
childhood acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)
childhood acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4)
childhood acute monoblastic leukemia (M5a)
childhood acute monocytic leukemia (M5b)
childhood acute erythroleukemia (M6)
childhood acute megakaryocytic leukemia (M7)
refractory anemia with excess blasts
refractory anemia with excess blasts in transformation
chronic myelomonocytic leukemia
secondary acute myeloid leukemia
adult acute monocytic leukemia (M5b)
previously treated myelodysplastic syndromes
childhood myelodysplastic syndromes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Pathologic Processes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic