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Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002532
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified March 2002 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 16, 2004
Last Update Posted : August 7, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining more than one drug may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy in treating patients who have relapsed or refractory acute lymphocytic leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Biological: filgrastim Drug: asparaginase Drug: cytarabine Drug: daunorubicin hydrochloride Drug: dexamethasone Drug: etoposide Drug: idarubicin Drug: ifosfamide Drug: leucovorin calcium Drug: methotrexate Drug: prednisolone Drug: vindesine Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the toxic effects and feasibility of high-dose cytarabine and idarubicin in patients with refractory or relapsed acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) after a complete remission (CR) of less than 18 months. II. Determine the response of patients with ALL in first relapse after a CR of 18 months or more treated with a 2-phase re-induction regimen comprising prednisolone, vindesine, daunorubicin, asparaginase, intrathecal (IT) cytarabine, IT dexamethasone, and IT methotrexate followed by prednisolone, ifosfamide, high-dose methotrexate, leucovorin calcium, etoposide, and cytarabine (with a dose-escalation study of etoposide and cytarabine). III. Compare the effectiveness of these 2 regimens administered to these patients with the regimen administered to historic controls (protocol GER-ALL-REZ- 01/88).

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation, multicenter study. Patients are stratified by center, duration of complete remission (CR) (less than 18 months vs 18 months or more), and refractory disease (yes vs no). Patients with refractory or relapsed disease after a CR of less than 18 months are treated on Regimen A. Patients in first relapse after a CR of 18 months or more are treated on Regimen B. Regimen A: Patients receive idarubicin IV over 30 minutes followed by cytarabine IV over 3 hours on days 1-3 and filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously (SC) daily beginning on day 5 and continuing until blood counts recover. Regimen B (2-phase reinduction): Patients receive oral prednisolone on days 1-21; vindesine IV and daunorubicin IV on days 1, 8, and 15; asparaginase IV on days 7, 8, 14, and 15; and methotrexate intrathecally (IT), cytarabine IT, and dexamethasone IT on days 1 and 8. When blood counts recover, patients receive oral prednisolone and ifosfamide IV over 1 hour on days 1-4; high-dose methotrexate IV continuously on day 1 followed by standard leucovorin calcium rescue; etoposide IV over 1 hour followed at least 8 hours later by cytarabine IV over 3 hours on days 3 and 4; and G-CSF SC beginning on day 6 and continuing until blood counts recover. Cohorts of 6 patients or more receive escalating doses of etoposide and cytarabine until the maximum tolerated dose is determined.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Approximately 60 patients (30 per regimen) will be accrued for this study within 2 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : January 1993

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   15 Years to 65 Years   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Diagnosis of refractory or relapsed acute lymphocytic leukemia No isolated extramedullary relapse (e.g., testicular, CNS) Combined extramedullary and bone marrow relapse allowed No uncontrolled, severe leukemic complications, e.g.: Pneumonia with hypoxia Shock Cardiac failure Hemorrhage No refractoriness to platelet transfusion No unaspirable pleural effusions or ascites in patients with first relapse

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 15 to 65 Performance status: Karnofsky 50-100% Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: See Disease Characteristics No uncontrolled bleeding Hepatic: No severe liver disease Renal: Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min in patients with first relapse after a complete remission of 18 months or more Cardiovascular: See Disease Characteristics No severe cardiac disease (e.g., congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction within the past 6 months, or severe arrhythmia) Pulmonary: See Disease Characteristics No severe pulmonary disease that would preclude aggressive chemotherapy Other: No hypersensitivity to E. coli proteins No severe neurologic or other disease that would preclude aggressive chemotherapy No severe psychiatric disease or other condition that would preclude study


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002532

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Medizinische Hochschule Hannover
Hannover, Germany, D-30625
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hannover Medical School
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Study Chair: Mathias Freund, MD Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Innere Medizin - Universitaet Rostock
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00002532    
Other Study ID Numbers: GER-ALL-REZ-02/92
CDR0000078432 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
First Posted: February 16, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 7, 2013
Last Verified: March 2002
Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
recurrent adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia, Lymphoid
Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists