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Combination Chemotherapy and Bone Marrow Transplantation in Treating Patients With Leukemia or Myelodysplastic Syndrome

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002502
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : July 19, 2004
Last Update Posted : June 27, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by:
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop cancer cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining chemotherapy with bone marrow transplantation may allow the doctor to give higher doses of chemotherapy drugs and kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combination chemotherapy consisting of busulfan and cyclophosphamide followed by bone marrow transplantation in treating patients who have acute or chronic leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Lymphoma Multiple Myeloma and Plasma Cell Neoplasm Myelodysplastic Syndromes Drug: busulfan Drug: cyclophosphamide Drug: cytarabine Procedure: allogeneic bone marrow transplantation Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the effect of marrow ablation with high dose busulfan/cyclophosphamide on engraftment, incidence of posttransplant relapse, incidence and severity of graft versus host disease (GVHD), and incidence and severity of nonGVHD posttransplant complications in patients with acute or chronic leukemia or myelodysplastic syndrome who are eligible for allogeneic bone marrow transplants from HLA identical/compatible donors but who cannot or should not receive total body irradiation as part of their cytoreductive regimen.

OUTLINE: 2-Drug Combination Cytoreductive Chemotherapy followed by Bone Marrow Transplant with, as indicated, CNS Prophylaxis. Busulfan, BU, NSC-750; Cyclophosphamide, CTX, NSC-26271; followed by Allogeneic Bone Marrow, AlBM; with, as indicated, Intrathecal Cytarabine, IT ARA-C, NSC-63878.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: At least 15 patients will be accrued for this study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : July 1992
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2000
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2000

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 55 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Primary or secondary acute nonlymphocytic leukemia and acute lymphocytic leukemia in one of the following states: First or greater remission Early relapse Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) in one of the following states: First or greater chronic phase Treatment on this protocol is preferred to total body irradiation containing protocols for patients under 40 with CML in stable first chronic phase who are otherwise eligible for allogeneic bone marrow transplantation Accelerated phase Myeloid or lymphoid blast crisis Myelodysplastic syndromes of the following types: Refractory anemia Refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts Refractory anemia with excess blasts Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia Multiple myeloma Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma HLA identical bone marrow donor available Unable to undergo total body irradiation because of one of the following reasons: Under age 2 (CNS still growing and at high risk of permanent radiation injury) Prior high dose radiotherapy to the brain, lungs, heart, liver, or abdomen In relapse following allogeneic or autologous transplant using total body irradiation for ablation, but eligible for a second transplant No current CNS involvement

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 50 and under (patients aged 51-55 accrued on a case-by-case basis after discussion and approval by the BMT service) Performance status: Karnofsky 70-100% Life expectancy: Greater than 8 weeks Hematopoietic: Not specified Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 1.5 mg/dL AST no greater than 3 times normal Neither value increasing for at least 2-4 weeks prior to transplant Renal: Creatinine less than 2 times normal and not rising for at least 2-4 weeks prior to transplant OR Creatinine clearance greater than 80 mL/min Cardiovascular: Left ventricular ejection fraction at least 50% Cardiac function good Pulmonary: No severe restrictive lung disease No chronic obstructive pulmonary disease Other: No active viral or bacterial infection at transplant No coexisting medical problem that would significantly increase the risk of the transplant procedure Not pregnant

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Prior therapy allowed, including prior bone marrow transplant

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002502

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United States, New York
Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Esperanza B. Papadopoulos, MD Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00002502    
Other Study ID Numbers: 92-103
CDR0000077927 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
First Posted: July 19, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 27, 2013
Last Verified: June 2013
Keywords provided by Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center:
stage I adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage II adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage III adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage IV adult Hodgkin lymphoma
recurrent childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
recurrent adult Hodgkin lymphoma
stage I cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma
stage II cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma
stage III cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma
stage IV cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma
recurrent cutaneous T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma
childhood Burkitt lymphoma
refractory multiple myeloma
Waldenström macroglobulinemia
stage I multiple myeloma
stage II multiple myeloma
stage III multiple myeloma
stage I childhood lymphoblastic lymphoma
stage II childhood lymphoblastic lymphoma
stage III childhood lymphoblastic lymphoma
stage IV childhood lymphoblastic lymphoma
recurrent childhood lymphoblastic lymphoma
recurrent childhood acute myeloid leukemia
recurrent adult acute myeloid leukemia
recurrent adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia
childhood diffuse large cell lymphoma
childhood immunoblastic large cell lymphoma
chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
accelerated phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
blastic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Multiple Myeloma
Neoplasms, Plasma Cell
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Hemostatic Disorders
Vascular Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Blood Protein Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Hemorrhagic Disorders
Bone Marrow Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs