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Radiation Therapy Compared With Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Advanced Endometrial Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002493
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 23, 2004
Last Update Posted : February 14, 2014
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GOG Foundation ( Gynecologic Oncology Group )

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known which treatment regimen is more effective for endometrial cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare radiation therapy with chemotherapy in treating patients who have advanced endometrial cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Endometrial Cancer Psychosocial Effects of Cancer and Its Treatment Drug: cisplatin Drug: doxorubicin hydrochloride Radiation: low-LET photon therapy Phase 3

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare overall survival, progression-free interval, and patterns of failure of maximally debulked patients with stage III/IV endometrial carcinoma treated with whole-abdominal irradiation vs. doxorubicin/cisplatin. II. Compare the incidence and type of acute and late adverse events observed with these two treatment regimens. III. Compare changes in fatigue, elimination, and neurologic impairment that impact on quality of life in patients treated with these two regimens. IV. Assess the difference in short-term versus long-term impact on quality of life between the two treatment groups. V. Compare quality-of-life outcomes over time between these two treatment groups.

OUTLINE: Randomized study. Arm I: Radiotherapy. Whole-abdominal irradiation using equipment with photon energies ranging from 6 to 25 MV. Arm II: 2-Drug Combination Chemotherapy. Doxorubicin, DOX, NSC-123127; Cisplatin, CDDP, NSC-119875.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: It is anticipated that 355 patients will be entered over 7.4 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Start Date : May 1992
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2001

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Drug Information available for: Doxorubicin

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Pathological stage III/IV endometrial carcinoma of any histology (including clear cell and serous papillary carcinomas) The following extent of disease eligible: Positive adnexa Tumor invading the serosa Positive pelvic nodes Positive para-aortic nodes Involvement of the bowel mucosa Intra-abdominal metastases Positive pelvic washings Vaginal involvement within the radiotherapy field Hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) required with residual tumor not greater than 2 cm at any site Selective pelvic and para-aortic lymph node sampling optional for patients with stage III/IV disease by other criteria If para-aortic nodes are positive, scalene nodes must be negative on biopsy and chest CT must be negative for intrathoracic disease The following disease conditions exclude: Parenchymal liver metastasis Lung metastasis Positive inguinal nodes Positive scalene nodes Recurrent disease Protocol therapy must begin within 8 weeks after surgery

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Not specified Performance status: GOG 0-3 Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,000/mm3 Absolute granulocyte count at least 1,500/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times normal AST no greater than 3 times normal Renal: Creatinine no greater than 2.0 mg/dL Cardiovascular: Left ventricular ejection fraction normal Other: No past or concomitant malignancy other than nonmelanomatous skin cancer

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No prior biologic therapy Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Prior progestational agents allowed No other prior endocrine therapy Radiotherapy: No prior pelvic or abdominal radiotherapy Surgery: Hysterectomy and BSO required Pelvic and para-aortic lymph node sampling optional (see Disease Characteristics)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00002493

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Sponsors and Collaborators
Gynecologic Oncology Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Marcus E. Randall, MD Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center
Publications of Results:
Randall ME, Brunetto G, Muss H, et al.: Whole abdominal radiotherapy versus combination doxorubicin-cisplatin chemotherapy in advanced endometrial carcinoma: a randomized phase III trial of the Gynecologic Oncology Group. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 22: A-3, 2, 2003.
Waltkins-Bruner D, Barsevick A, Tian C, et al.: Quality of life trade-off to incremental gain in survival on Gynecologic Oncology Group (GOG) Protocol 122: whole abdominal irradiation (WAI) vs. doxorubicin-platinum (AP) chemotherapy in advanced endometrial cancer. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 22: A-1803, 449, 2003.

Other Publications:
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Responsible Party: Gynecologic Oncology Group
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002493    
Other Study ID Numbers: GOG-0122
First Posted: August 23, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 14, 2014
Last Verified: February 2014
Keywords provided by GOG Foundation ( Gynecologic Oncology Group ):
stage III endometrial carcinoma
stage IV endometrial carcinoma
endometrial adenocarcinoma
endometrial adenosquamous cell carcinoma
endometrial adenoacanthoma
endometrial papillary serous carcinoma
endometrial clear cell carcinoma
psychosocial effects of cancer and its treatment
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Endometrial Neoplasms
Uterine Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Uterine Diseases
Liposomal doxorubicin
Antineoplastic Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action