COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation.
Get the latest public health information from CDC:

Get the latest research information from NIH: Menu

A Study of Valganciclovir in the Treatment of Cytomegalovirus (CMV) Retinitis in Patients With AIDS

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00002222
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : June 24, 2005
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to see if valganciclovir is a safe treatment for CMV retinitis in patients who have been treated for this condition in the past. This study also examines the effectiveness of valganciclovir in preventing the recurrence of CMV retinitis.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Cytomegalovirus Retinitis HIV Infections Drug: Valganciclovir Not Applicable

Detailed Description:
Patients receive valganciclovir twice a day for 21 days as induction therapy then daily as maintenance therapy. Patients are encouraged to remain on study for at least 3 months and will remain until common study closure.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 200 participants
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Open Label Study of the Safety and Tolerability of Valganciclovir, an Oral Prodrug of Ganciclovir, for the Treatment of Cytomegalovirus Retinitis in Subjects With AIDS

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed with caution:

  • Acyclovir.
  • Famciclovir.
  • Valaciclovir.
  • Imipenem-cilastatin.
  • Myelosuppressive agents.

Patients must have:

  • HIV infection with CMV retinitis.
  • Minimum of 4 weeks prior treatment with ganciclovir, foscarnet, or cidofovir.
  • Intraocular implant in either or both eyes, as long as CMV retinitis is active in one eye, upon approval by Roche.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with any of the following symptoms of conditions are excluded:

  • Active extraocular CMV disease.
  • Severe uncontrolled diarrhea or evidence of malabsorption.

Concurrent Medication:


  • Foscarnet.
  • Cidofovir.
  • CMV hyperimmune globulin.
  • Probenecid.

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • Ocular media opacities (corneal, aqueous, lens, or vitreous) preventing ophthalmologic retinal assessment.
  • Simultaneous participation in another study (unless approved by Roche).


  • A minimum of 4 weeks treatment with ganciclovir, foscarnet, or cidofovir.
  • Approval required for prior use of investigational anti-CMV agents.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00002222

Layout table for location information
United States, New York
Cornell AIDS Clinical Trials Unit
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Sponsors and Collaborators
Hoffmann-La Roche
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00002222    
Other Study ID Numbers: 268B
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 24, 2005
Last Verified: April 1999
Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections
Antiviral Agents
Drug Administration Schedule
Cytomegalovirus Retinitis
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Cytomegalovirus Retinitis
Virus Diseases
Retinal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Cytomegalovirus Infections
Herpesviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Eye Infections, Viral
Eye Infections
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents