All patients must be less than or equal to 21 years of age.
Patients should have an ECOG performance status of 0, 1, or 2, and a life expectancy of at least 8 weeks.
Patients with the following diagnosis, confirmed by appropriate histologic examination, will be eligible for this study: neuroblastoma and Wilms' tumor.
Patients must have measurable disease. Patients with evaluable disease only (i.e., limited to positive bone scan or bone marrow) are eligible only if the bone involvement is measurable by alternative imaging modalities (MRI, CT, or plain film).
Patients must have evidence of progressive disease following or during prior therapy.
Patients do not have to be evaluable for hematologic toxicity to be enrolled onto the study. Patients without bone marrow involvement by tumor, with no history of BMT, and with no prior cranio-spinal or pelvic radiation, will be considered evaluable for hematologic toxicity.
Patients evaluable for hematologic toxicity must have adequate bone marrow function (defined as peripheral absolute granulocyte count of greater than 1500/mm(3), hemoglobin greater than 8.0 gm% and platelet count greater than 100,000/mm(3)).
Patients must have adequate liver function (bilirubin less than 2.0 mg%; SGPT less than 2 times normal).
Patients must have adequate renal function defined as a creatinine clearance greater than or equal to 70 ml/min/1.732 or a serum creatinine based on age as follows:
equal to or less than 5 years old: maximum serum creatinine 0.8;
older than 5 but equal to or less than 10: 1.0;
older than 10 but equal to or less than 15: 1.2;
older than 15: 1.5.
RECOVERY FROM PRIOR THERAPY:
Patients must have recovered from the toxic effects of prior therapy, and must be off of all chemotherapy for a minimum of two weeks prior to entry onto the protocol (a minimum of six weeks for prior nitrosoureas).
All patients or their legal guardians must sign a document of informed consent indicating their awareness of the investigational nature and the risks of this study.
No history of CNS malignant disease, hydro-cephalus, or pseudotumor cerebri.
No history of treatment with 13-cis retinoic acid within the prior three months.
Women of childbearing potential must not be pregnant or lactating.