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New Drugs in the Treatment of Mood Disorders

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00001482
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 10, 2002
Last Update Posted : March 4, 2008
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)

Brief Summary:
This clinical study compares the effectiveness of two anticonvulsants Lamotrigine (Lamictal) Monotherapy and Gabapentin (Neurontin) in patients with treatment resistant affective disorders. We initially have found that the response rate to lamotrigine (51%) exceeded that of gabapentin (28%) or placebo (21%). In this study the placebo phase has been dropped so that we examine possible clinical and biological factors predictors of response. The drugs will be given in a randomized order for six weeks each and you will not know when you are on a given one. There will be a 2-4 week "washout" period between treatments. If you respond well to one of these treatments, a longer open continuation period will be offered at the end of this study. This would involve one or both drugs in combination. A variety of rating scales and brain imaging procedures will also be offered before and during each drug evaluation. Both lamotrigine and gabapentin are generally well tolerated. A serious potentially life threatening rash occurs in about 1/500 patients treated with lamotrigine, however. Common side effects are rash, dizziness, unsteadiness, double vision, blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, insomnia, sedation, and headache. These side effects are usually mild, and resolve with continued time on the drug or a decrease in dosage.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Anxiety Disorder Mood Disorder Psychotic Disorder Drug: Lamotrigine (Lamictal® (Registered Trademark) Drug: Gabapentin (Neurontin® (Registered Trademark)) Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The anticonvulsants carbamazepine (CBZ) and valproate (VPA) have efficacy in the treatment of mood disorders, suggesting that other anticonvulsants with related mechanisms of action may have similar utility. Additional treatments are sorely needed because many patients with recurrent affective disorder have symptoms refractory to treatment with conventional agents, including lithium, carbamazepine, and valproate. This refractory group is the major focus of our investigative efforts on 3-west in the Section of Psychobiology, NIMH. Moreover, establishing differential clinical and biological predictors of response has become increasingly important both to rapid allocation of appropriate treatment and as they may supply insight into the pathophysiology of the mood disorders and their subtypes.

Lamotrigine, a phenyltriazine use-dependent sodium channel blocker that inhibits release of excitatory amino acids, is a new anticonvulsant with fewer side effects than older agents and was recently approved by the FDA as adjunctive therapy in the treatment of partial seizures. Heretofore, only preliminary open clinical evidence suggested that lamotrigine may have mood stabilizing properties.

Gabapentin is a neutral amino acid and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) analog which increases brain GABA levels and has fewer side effects than older agents and does not require hematological or hepatic monitoring. Preliminary evidence only from open "add-on" series had suggested that gabapentin therapy might have antidepressant and antianxiety effects, if not mood stabilizing properties.

We wish to evaluate the efficacy of lamotrigine and gabapentin in the refractory mood disorders. We also wish to examine the neurobiology and phenomenology of lamotrigine and gabapentin responders and nonresponders to ascertain potential predictors and concomitants of response to these medications. This study may lead to improvement in the treatment and understanding of mood disorders by providing controlled data on efficacy of these potential new treatments, potential predictors of response, and further insights into the pathophysiology of mood disorders.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 60 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Evaluation of Lamotrigine (Lamictal® (Registered Trademark)) Monotherapy and Gabapentin (Neurontin® (Registered Trademark)) Monotherapy in the Treatment of Mood Disorders
Study Start Date : May 1995
Study Completion Date : May 2001

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Mood Disorders

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Patients between the ages of 18 and 75 who satisfy DSM-III-R criteria for mood disorders, are refractory to at least two conventional treatments, and are inpatients or outpatients at the NIMH are invited to participate provided that the following criteria are fulfilled:

Subjects having serious medical illness (or meeting current psychoactive substance dependence will be excluded from entry.)

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00001482

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United States, Maryland
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00001482    
Other Study ID Numbers: 950115
First Posted: December 10, 2002    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: June 2000
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Bipolar Disorder
Mood Disorders
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Anxiety Disorders
Mental Disorders
Psychotic Disorders
Mood Disorders
Pathologic Processes
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Psychotropic Drugs
Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists
Excitatory Amino Acid Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antimanic Agents
Calcium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Calcium-Regulating Hormones and Agents
Antipsychotic Agents
Sodium Channel Blockers