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Bone Response to Enzyme Replacement in Gaucher's Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001416
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : December 10, 2002
Last Update Posted : September 22, 2016
Information provided by:

Study Description
Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to examine how the skeleton responds to repeated doses of enzyme replacement therapy in patients with type I Gaucher's disease who have had their spleens removed.

Gaucher disease is a lysosomal storage disease resulting from glycocerebroside accumulation in macrophages due to a genetic deficiency of the enzyme glucocerebrosidase. It may occur in adults but occurs most severely in infants, in whom cerebroside also accumulates in neurons. Patients with Gaucher's disease experience enlargement of the liver and spleen and bone destruction. The condition is passed from generation to generation through autosomal recessive inheritance.

Type I is the most common form. It is a chronic non-neuronopathic form, meaning the disease does not affect nerve cells. The symptoms of type I can appear at any age.

In this study patients will be divided into three groups. Each group will receive different doses of enzyme replacement (Ceredase). In addition, two of the three groups will also receive doses of a form of vitamin D (calcitriol). Researchers believe the groups receiving vitamin D will have an improved response as compared to those patients only receiving enzyme replacement.

Patients in each group who respond to enzyme replacement with increases in bone density will be compared to the other treatment groups.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Gaucher's Disease Drug: CEREDASE™ Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to examine the response of the skeleton to repeated infusions of macrophage-targeted glucocerebrosidase (CEREDASE (Trademark) ) in splenectomized patients with type I Gaucher's disease. The magnitude and rate of development of the skeletal response will be monitored non-invasively. Theoretically, an enhanced response should occur in patients supplemented with pharmacologic doses of 1, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (calcitriol), since calcium absorption and enzyme delivery to bone marrow macrophages should be increased in this setting. These issues will be addressed in a clinical trial that uses a modified factorial design. A total of 57 patients will be assigned to three treatment groups by block randomization.

Group 1: CEREDASE (Trademark) (60 IU/kg q2wks; 0-6 months)

CEREDASE (Trademark) (30 IU/kg q2wks; 7-24 months)

Group 2: Calcitriol (0.25-3.0 micrograms/day; 0-24 months)

CEREDASE (Trademark) (60 IU/kg q2wks; 7-12 months)

CEREDASE (Trademark) (30 IU/kg q2wks; 13-24 months)

Group 3: Calcitriol (0.25-3.0 micrograms/day; 0-24 months)

CEREDASE (Trademark) (60 IU/kg q2wks; 0-6 months)

CEREDASE (Trademark) (30 IU/kg q2wks; 7-24 months)

The number of patients responding to enzyme replacement with a significant decrease in hepatic volume and a significant increase in trabecular bone density of the lumbar spine will be compared between the treatment groups.

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 100 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Skeletal Responses to Macrophage-Targeted Glucocerebrosidase in Patients With Type 1 Gaucher's Disease
Study Start Date : December 1993
Estimated Study Completion Date : November 2000

Arms and Interventions

Outcome Measures

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Splenectomized Gaucher patients.

Aged 18-45 who have not received enzyme therapy for at least 1 year.

No patients with other illnesses (pulmonary, liver, kidney, bone, hematologic).

Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00001416

United States, Maryland
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
More Information

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001416     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 940050
First Posted: December 10, 2002    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 22, 2016
Last Verified: September 2016

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Bone Disease
Enzyme Replacement Therapy
Gaucher's Disease
Vitamin D

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Gaucher Disease
Lysosomal Storage Diseases, Nervous System
Brain Diseases, Metabolic, Inborn
Brain Diseases, Metabolic
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Lipid Metabolism, Inborn Errors
Lysosomal Storage Diseases
Metabolic Diseases
Lipid Metabolism Disorders