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Itraconazole for the Prevention of Fungal Infections in Chronic Granulomatous Disease

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001280
First Posted: December 10, 2002
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
  Purpose
This protocol describes a prospective, randomized study examining the safety and efficacy of Itraconazole for preventing fungal infections in patients with Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD). CGD is a genetic disorder in which phagocytes are unable to produce oxygen radicals. As a result, affected patients are prone to recurrent, severe infections with bacterial and fungal organisms. Patients with CGD of 5 or more years of age without evidence of infection at the time of study entry will be eligible for enrollment. Patients will be randomized to receive itraconazole or placebo tablets daily, in a double blinded fashion. In addition to itraconazole, all patients will receive antimicrobial prophylaxis against bacterial infection, and may in addition receive gamma-interferon as prophylaxis against infection. Randomization of patients will be stratified among patients receiving or not receiving gamma interferon. The primary endpoint of the study will be the development of culture or histologically proved invasive fungal disease. Patients will be monitored every three months for evidence of drug toxicity. The anticipated accrual period will be approximately 36-48 months.

Condition Intervention Phase
Mycoses Drug: itraconazole Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Itraconazole for the Prevention of Fungal Infections in Chronic Granulomatous Disease

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: January 1991
Estimated Study Completion Date: March 2001
Detailed Description:
This protocol describes a prospective, randomized study examining the safety and efficacy of Itraconazole for preventing fungal infections in patients with Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD). CGD is a genetic disorder in which phagocytes are unable to produce oxygen radicals. As a result, affected patients are prone to recurrent, severe infections with bacterial and fungal organisms. Patients with CGD of 5 or more years of age without evidence of infection at the time of study entry will be eligible for enrollment. Patients will be randomized to receive itraconazole or placebo tablets daily, in a double blinded fashion. In addition to itraconazole, all patients will receive antimicrobial prophylaxis against bacterial infection, and may in addition receive gamma-interferon as prophylaxis against infection. Randomization of patients will be stratified among patients receiving or not receiving gamma interferon. The primary endpoint of the study will be the development of culture or histologically proved invasive fungal disease. Patients will be monitored every three months for evidence of drug toxicity, and surveillance cultures of nasopharynx and stool will be obtained. The anticipated accrual period will be approximately 36-48 months.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Documented chronic granulomatous disease more than 5 years of age.

No fungal infection within the past year.

Not currently on other antifungals or have taken other antifungals during the past 3 months.

Not currently on phenytoin or rifampin.

Negative pregnancy test within 2 weeks of starting protocol.

  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00001280


Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001280     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 910064
91-I-0064
First Submitted: November 3, 1999
First Posted: December 10, 2002
Last Update Posted: March 4, 2008
Last Verified: February 2000

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Aspergillosis
Phagocyte Defect
Torulopsis
Chronic Granulomatous Disease

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Granulomatous Disease, Chronic
Mycoses
Granuloma
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Phagocyte Bactericidal Dysfunction
Leukocyte Disorders
Hematologic Diseases
Genetic Diseases, X-Linked
Genetic Diseases, Inborn
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Itraconazole
Hydroxyitraconazole
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors