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Studies on Tumors of the Thyroid

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified January 27, 2017 by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) ) Identifier:
First received: November 3, 1999
Last updated: April 21, 2017
Last verified: January 27, 2017

Participants in this study will be patients diagnosed with or suspected to have a thyroid nodule or thyroid cancer.

The main purpose of this study is to further understand the methods for the diagnosis and treatment of thyroid nodules and thyroid cancer. Many of the test performed are in the context of standard medical care that is offered to all patients with thyroid nodules or thyroid cancer. Other tests are performed for research purposes. In addition, blood and tissue samples will be taken for research and genetic studies.

Hurthle Cell Thyroid Cancer
Tall Cell Variant Thyroid Cancer
Follicular Thyroid Cancer
Thyroid Cancer
Papillary Thyroid Cancer

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Retrospective
Official Title: Studies on Thyroid Nodules and Thyroid Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Evaluation of thyroid cancer [ Time Frame: ongoing ]

Estimated Enrollment: 99999
Study Start Date: May 31, 1977
Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to evaluate methods for preoperative diagnosis and therapy of thyroid cancer and to screen patients for participation in other protocols. Study subjects will include adults and children with thyroid nodules or cancer requiring diagnostic fine needle aspiration biopsy, surgery, radioiodine scanning or therapy for persistent or recurrent disease.

In this natural history protocol, the use of methods for follow-up of patients using radiopharmaceutical tracers such as (131)I, (123)I, (201)T1 chloride, (99)mTc-Sestamibi, (111)Inpentetreotide and 18-FDG PET will be evaluated. All radionuclides will be administered according to standard clinical practice indications and published guidelines. The limitations and significance of serum thyroglobulin (Tg) measurement for diagnosing tumor recurrence will be assessed. The study will permit a continued evaluation of the risk/benefit ratio of already established methods of administering (131)I therapy including the impact of pre-treatment dosimetric calculations and administration of lithium (a well established, yet not widely used, adjuvant to (131)I treatment), especially in selected cases of thyroid cancer in which high-dose (greater than 150mCi) (131)I therapy is clinically indicated.

Under this protocol, samples of benign nodules and cancer tissue specimens for research studies will be collected to assess new immunohistochemical markers, and other techniques to characterize tumors for correlation with response to therapy and prognosis. Blood and urine specimens will be collected for future clinical and research studies in both the hypothyroid and euthyroid state. Coded clinical data will be entered in the National Thyroid Cancer Registry in selected patients.


Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Adults and children with known or suspected thyroid neoplasm will be considered for participation. Enrollment will be capped accordingly:

  1. Patients with thyroid nodules requiring evaluation and possible biopsy (no more than 30 per year);
  2. Patients with recent diagnosis of thyroid cancer requiring consultation and counseling about therapeutic options (no more than 10 per year);
  3. Patients with established thyroid cancer requiring specialized studies such as (131)I dosimetry (no more than 5 per year);
  4. Enrollment of high risk, non-iodine avid, inoperable thyroid cancer only for purposes of screening for eligibility for other specific thyroid cancer protocols.


  1. Serious underlying medical conditions that restrict diagnostic testing or therapy such as renal failure, congestive cardiac failure or active coexisting non-thyroid carcinoma;
  2. Patients unable or unwilling to give informed consent
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00001160

Contact: Craig S Cochran, R.N. (301) 402-1880
Contact: Joanna Klubo-Gwiezdzinska, M.D. (301) 496-5052

United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike Recruiting
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Contact: For more information at the NIH Clinical Center contact Patient Recruitment and Public Liaison Office (PRPL)    800-411-1222 ext TTY8664111010   
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Principal Investigator: Joanna Klubo-Gwiezdzinska, M.D. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) Identifier: NCT00001160     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 770096
Study First Received: November 3, 1999
Last Updated: April 21, 2017

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Thyroid Fine Needle Biopsy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Thyroid Diseases
Thyroid Neoplasms
Adenocarcinoma, Follicular
Endocrine System Diseases
Endocrine Gland Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Head and Neck Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Adenocarcinoma processed this record on May 23, 2017