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Comparison of Two Treatments to Prevent Invasive Fungal Infections in Patients Who Have Received Liver Transplants

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00001107
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : August 27, 2010
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to compare the safety and effectiveness of 2 treatments to prevent invasive fungal infections (IFI), which are infections caused by yeasts and molds that are common in patients with weak immune systems or transplant patients. AmBisome, a new treatment, will be compared to fluconazole, the traditional treatment for fungal infections caused by the yeast Candida. Treatment will only be given to liver transplant patients who are found to be at high risk for IFI. Liver transplant patients who are at low risk for IFI will be monitored but will receive no study medication.

IFIs are found mainly in a high risk group of liver transplant patients, and are not common in those with low risk. If IFI preventive therapy is focused on the high risk group, there may be a lesser chance of Candida becoming resistant (able to grow despite the presence of drugs used to kill it). Treating only the high risk group will also save money.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Candidiasis Drug: Fluconazole Drug: AmBisome Phase 4

Detailed Description:
If you are in the high risk group you will be assigned randomly (like tossing a coin) to receive either AmBisome or fluconazole. If you are in the low risk group, you will not receive any treatment. Both groups will be monitored for IFIs. The study will last for 100 days following your liver transplant.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 500 participants
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Invasive Fungal Infection in Liver Transplant Recipients: A Randomized Double-Blind Trial Comparing AmBisome and Fluconazole in the High Risk Group and an Observational Cohort Study in the Low Risk
Study Completion Date : November 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

You may be eligible for this study if you:

  • Have had a liver transplant within 5 days of enrollment and agree to receive tacrolimus.

Exclusion Criteria:

You will not be eligible for this study if you:

  • Are HIV-positive.
  • Have a history of invasive fungal infection.
  • Have received antifungal agents within 14 days prior to your liver transplant.
  • Are allergic to azoles, amphotericin B, or tacrolimus.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00001107

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United States, Alabama
Mary Ellen Bradley
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00001107    
Other Study ID Numbers: DMID 98-014
MSG #44
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 27, 2010
Last Verified: November 2005
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Invasive Fungal Infections
Liposomal amphotericin B
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Steroid Synthesis Inhibitors
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C9 Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2C19 Inhibitors
Antiprotozoal Agents
Antiparasitic Agents