HIV Levels in Cerebrospinal Fluid and Brain Function in Patients Receiving Anti-HIV Drugs

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00001103
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : July 29, 2008
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Neurologic AIDS Research Consortium (NARC)
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to see whether anti-HIV drugs that reduce HIV in the blood also reduce HIV in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). CSF is the fluid found around the brain and spinal cord. This study also looks at whether reducing HIV in the CSF can help protect brain function.

HIV can be detected in the brain and CSF early in HIV disease. Anti-HIV drugs probably reduce HIV in the CSF. This may be important because other studies have suggested high CSF HIV levels may lead to some loss of brain function.

Condition or disease
Cognitive Disorders HIV Infections

Detailed Description:

HIV-1 RNA emerges in CSF early in the course of HIV disease. Studies have shown that high levels of HIV-1 RNA in CSF correlate with increased severity of dementia and worsened performance on neuropsychological tests. While combination antiretroviral treatments are potent suppressors of HIV-1 replication in plasma, the extent to which these treatments suppress viral replication in CSF is unknown. A few studies suggest that antiretroviral treatments can reduce HIV-1 RNA in CSF. However, since CSF is isolated from peripheral immune responses to HIV and antiretroviral treatment may not readily penetrate the compartment, researchers hypothesize the remaining virus will overcome the antiretroviral treatment to achieve high levels of viral replication again. This virologic failure is likely accompanied by decreased cognitive function. It is therefore critical to determine the ability of antiretroviral treatments to control HIV-1 replication in the CSF and the durability of that viral suppression.

Patients enrolling in one of several AACTG-sponsored potent antiretroviral therapy trials (a "parent" trial) may enter this study. [AS PER AMENDMENT 06/06/00: Patients already enrolled in an AACTG-sponsored study who are changing treatment due to virologic failure may also enter this study.] [AS PER AMENDMENT 11/15/01: Patients starting a new potent antiretroviral regimen as part of their clinical care, enrolling in a potent antiretroviral treatment trial, or changing potent antiretroviral therapy in clinical care or in an ongoing antiretroviral treatment trial because of virologic failure may enter this study.] Patients receive no treatment but undergo various procedures aimed at characterizing the effects of antiretroviral therapies on CSF viral load and cognitive function. Procedures include: 1) venipuncture to measure plasma HIV-1 RNA and DNA levels, CD4+ T cell count, and cytokine and immune activation markers associated with HIV-1 neurological disorders; 2) neuropsychological examinations to measure cognitive function; and 3) lumbar punctures to obtain CSF samples, which are used to determine the pharmacokinetics of antiretroviral agents in CSF and to determine levels of blood cells, cytokine and immune activation markers, and HIV-1 RNA and DNA. An entry visit must occur before initiating potent antiretroviral therapy in the parent trial [AS PER AMENDMENT 06/06/00: or before changing the antiretroviral regimen due to virologic failure in an ongoing trial]. [AS PER AMENDMENT 11/15/01: Patients are registered before initiating a new potent antiretroviral regimen.] Subsequent visits occur within 21 days prior to each lumbar puncture and at Weeks 24 and 52. If evaluations, procedures, or assays for a given patient's parent trial [AS PER AMENDMENT 11/15/01: for any coenrollment AACTG study] occur at the times specified in this study, they are not duplicated for this study. Other visits may occur when a patient changes antiretroviral treatment or discontinues a parent trial [AS PER AMENDMENT 11/15/01: discontinues a potent antiretroviral therapy].

Study Type : Observational
Enrollment : 100 participants
Official Title: Cerebrospinal Fluid Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) and Cognitive Function in Individuals Receiving Potent Antiretroviral Therapy

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MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

  • Are HIV-positive.
  • Have levels of CD4 cells (immune cells that fight infection) less than 200 cells/mm3 and viral loads (level of HIV in the blood) greater than 2,000 copies/ml or viral loads greater than 50,000 copies/ml and any CD4 cell levels.
  • Are either: 1) starting a new potent antiretroviral therapy for HIV; 2) enrolling in a potent antiretroviral trial; or 3) currently participating in an ongoing antiretroviral trial or in clinical care and will be changing treatment due to treatment failure. The entry visit for ACTG 736 must occur before starting the treatment or before changing to the new treatment. (This study has been changed to include patients who have changed treatment due to treatment failure and those who are starting a new anti-HIV regimen.)

Exclusion Criteria

  • Have an infection or cancer in the brain or certain diseases of the brain or nervous system.
  • Have a serious psychiatric illness (such as schizophrenia or severe depression).
  • Have completed treatment for a significant infection within 4 weeks of beginning the study (but certain drugs that fight infection are allowed on this study).
  • Are taking drugs to prevent or dissolve blood clots.
  • Abuse drugs or alcohol.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00001103

  Show 26 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)
Neurologic AIDS Research Consortium (NARC)
Study Chair: Christina Marra, MD University of Washington
Study Chair: Kevin Robertson, PhD University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill Identifier: NCT00001103     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 736
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: July 29, 2008
Last Verified: May 2006

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Neuropsychological Tests
RNA, Viral
Anti-HIV Agents
Viral Load

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Cognition Disorders
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Neurocognitive Disorders
Mental Disorders