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Fortovase (Saquinavir) Given With Low-Dose Ritonavir, Zidovudine, and Lamivudine to HIV-Positive Pregnant Women During and After Pregnancy and to Their Newborns

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00000920
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : May 21, 2012
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to see if it is safe to give saquinavir-SGC (SQV) combined with low-dose ritonavir (RTV) plus zidovudine (ZDV) and lamivudine (3TC) to HIV-positive pregnant women and to see if it is safe to give 3TC and ZDV to their newborns. Another purpose is to see what levels of SQV, low-dose RTV, ZDV, and 3TC are found in mothers and what levels of ZDV and 3TC are seen in newborns. Another purpose of this study is to see whether SQV passes from mother to newborn and if it passes at a level that is safe for the newborn.

Although ZDV has been able to reduce the rate of transmission of HIV from mother to child, it may be possible to reduce it further by using a combination of anti-HIV drugs. This study adds SQV (a protease inhibitor [PI]) with RTV (another PI) and 3TC (a reverse transcriptase inhibitor) to the mother's ZDV regimen.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections Pregnancy Drug: Ritonavir Drug: Saquinavir Drug: Lamivudine Drug: Zidovudine Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Although administration of ZDV to mother-infant pairs has dramatically reduced perinatal HIV infection, the goal is to reduce it further to less than 2%. In order to achieve this, combination strategies need to be developed for 2 purposes: 1) to reduce the perinatal transmission rate to goal levels; and 2) to provide other combination therapies for HIV-infected mothers whose virus has become resistant to ZDV, who have a very high viral load, or who have previously transmitted HIV while on ZDV. This study adds 3TC (another reverse transcriptase inhibitor) and SQV (a protease inhibitor [PI]) [AS PER AMENDMENT 08/15/00: with low-dose RTV (another PI)] to the mother's ZDV regimen.

During the antepartum period, mothers receive SQV with [AS PER AMENDMENT 08/15/00: low-dose RTV plus] ZDV and 3TC. At onset of active labor, mothers receive loading doses of each of the study drugs, then receive study drugs for 12 weeks postpartum on the same schedule as during the antenatal period. Within 12 hours of delivery, infants begin receiving 3TC and ZDV and continue until 6 weeks of age. Mothers are followed until 12 weeks postpartum and babies are followed until 6 months of age. [AS PER AMENDMENT 02/09/99: For maternal dosing, 1 Combivir tablet (containing 3TC and ZDV) may be administered in place of the individual agents 3TC and ZDV. Patients who prematurely discontinue study treatment should continue to be followed for the duration of the study.]

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 24 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Trial of the Safety and Pharmacokinetics of Fortovase (Saquinavir-SGC) Co-Administered With Low Dose (Ritonavir) RTV, ZDV and 3TC in HIV Seropositive Pregnant Women During Gestation and Postpartum, and in Their Infant's Post-Maternal Dosing
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2003

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Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years and older   (Child, Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Patients may be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are HIV-positive.
  • Are 14 to 32 weeks pregnant.
  • Are at least 13 years old (need consent of parent or guardian if under 18).

Exclusion Criteria

Patients may not be eligible for this study if they:

  • Cannot take ZDV, 3TC, or higher doses of RTV. Women who are able to tolerate low doses of RTV may be eligible.
  • Are pregnant with more than 1 baby. (This study has been changed so that a patient pregnant with more than 1 baby is not eligible.)
  • Have pregnancy complications or have medical problems that put pregnancy at risk.
  • Have an active opportunistic (HIV-related) infection and/or serious bacterial infection at study entry.
  • Have chronic diarrhea.
  • Abuse alcohol or drugs.
  • Do not have access to a participating clinic or are not willing to be followed at the same clinic for the duration of the study.
  • Have received certain antiretroviral (anti-HIV) drugs or are taking certain medications. (This study has been changed to increase enrollment. The eligibility criterion in earlier versions was more restrictive, and has been changed to include women receiving SQV [with or without RTV], 3TC, and ZDV for longer than 3 weeks if their pre-entry viral load is 400 copies/ml or less OR if they have a significant reduction in viral load within 90 days of the pre-entry visit.)
  • Plan to breast-feed.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00000920

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United States, California
Los Angeles County - USC Med Ctr
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
United States, Colorado
Univ of Colorado Health Sciences Ctr
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80262
United States, District of Columbia
Howard Univ Hosp
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20060
United States, Florida
Univ of Miami / Jackson Memorial Hosp
Miami, Florida, United States, 33136
Univ of Miami (Pediatric)
Miami, Florida, United States, 33161
United States, Illinois
Univ of Illinois College of Medicine / Pediatrics
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
United States, Louisiana
Tulane Univ / Charity Hosp of New Orleans
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 701122699
Univ Hosp
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
United States, Michigan
Children's Hosp of Michigan
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
United States, New Jersey
Univ of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey / Univ Hosp
Newark, New Jersey, United States, 071032714
United States, New York
Columbia Presbyterian Med Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10032
United States, North Carolina
Duke Univ Med Ctr
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 277103499
United States, South Carolina
Med Univ of South Carolina
Charleston, South Carolina, United States, 294253312
United States, Washington
Children's Hospital & Medical Center / Seattle ACTU
Seattle, Washington, United States, 981050371
Puerto Rico
Univ of Puerto Rico / Univ Children's Hosp AIDS
San Juan, Puerto Rico, 009365067
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
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Study Chair: Carmen Zorrilla
Study Chair: Arlene Bardeguez
Study Chair: Jane Pitt
Study Chair: Russell Van Dyke
Additional Information:
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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT00000920    
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 386
11345 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES )
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 21, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012
Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Drug Therapy, Combination
Pregnancy Complications
Anti-HIV Agents
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors