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A Study on the Management of Combination Anti-HIV Drug Therapy in HIV-Positive Children With Prior Treatment

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00000902
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : October 1, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to determine the value of changing anti-HIV medications in children with progressive HIV disease who have received previous treatment.

Plasma viral load (the level of HIV in the blood) is probably most effectively reduced by giving patients anti-HIV drugs which affect the virus at various stages of development. Changing the medications may enhance the results of treatment.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections Drug: Ritonavir Drug: Nelfinavir mesylate Drug: Nevirapine Drug: Lamivudine Drug: Stavudine Drug: Zidovudine Drug: Zalcitabine Drug: Didanosine Phase 1

Detailed Description:

The Master RAD Protocol is based on the concept that optimal suppression of viral load in vivo will be achieved in patients with rapidly progressing or advanced HIV disease (RAD) using antiretroviral combinations inhibiting viral replication at distinct sites of action. Antiretroviral combinations are chosen with the hypothesis that simultaneous change to as many new agents as possible is necessary to maximally reduce plasma viral load.

In this open-label, multicenter study patients are randomized into 1 of 4 groups based on prior antiretroviral experience. Each regimen consists of 4 drugs that include a combination of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (stavudine, lamivudine, zidovudine, didanosine, zalcitabine) plus nevirapine (NVP), nelfinavir (NFV), or ritonavir (RTV). Patients must be naive to at least 2 of the 4 drugs in the regimen and at least 1 of the novel drugs must be NVP, NFV, or RTV.

Prior to randomization to a NFV- or RTV-containing regimen, patients are stratified by HIV RNA (greater than or equal to 50,000 or less than 50,000) and must able to receive 2 or more novel drugs.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 217 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: RAD-1: A Phase I/II Antiretroviral Management Algorithm for Pediatric Subjects of Four-Drug Combination Therapies Based on Prior Antiretroviral Experience
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2002

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Months to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Your child may be eligible for this study if he or she:

  • Is HIV-positive.
  • Is between the ages of 6 months and 21 years (consent of parent or guardian required if under 18).
  • Has an HIV blood level above 50,000 copies/mL on 2 consecutive occasions, while taking anti-HIV therapy.
  • Has advanced HIV disease or disease progression while receiving 8 weeks or more of continuous unchanged anti-HIV therapy.
  • Is able to receive at least one of the following: RTV, NVP, or NFV.

Exclusion Criteria

Your child will not be eligible for this study if he or she:

  • Is receiving treatment for a serious bacterial, viral, or opportunistic (HIV-associated) infection within 14 days prior to study entry.
  • Has a history of pancreatitis or peripheral neuropathy.
  • Has cancer requiring chemotherapy.
  • Is allergic to the study medications.
  • Is taking certain medications.
  • Is pregnant.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00000902

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Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
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Study Chair: Andrea Kovacs
Study Chair: Sandra Burchett
Publications of Results:
EV Capparelli, SK Burchett, A Kovacs, M Khoury, R Oyomopito, L Mofenson, B Zimmer, D Holland. Characterization of the Ritonavir-Nelfinavir Pharmacokinetic Interaction in Pediatric Patients with Advanced HIV Disease Using a Mixed Effects Modeling Approach, Pharmacotherapy, (2003), Abstract 67, Vol.23, No.3, pp.401.
S. Burchett, M. Khoury, K. McIntosh, V. Carey, R. Oyomopito, L. Mofenson, E. Smith, A. Kovacs, Viral Load Reduction in Children with Advanced HIV Disease Treated with 4-Drug Antiretroviral Treatment Regimens Including NRTIs, Nevirapine, Nelfinavir and/or Ritonavir, CROI, 2000.

Other Publications:
Weinberg A, Kovacs A, Pahwa S, Carey V, Oyomopito R, Mofenson L, Khoury M, Zimmer B, Burchett S. HIV-infected children on HAART reconstitute tetanus-specific T cell responses without booster vaccination. 8th Conf Retro and Opportun Infect. 2001 Feb 4-8 (abstract no 688)
Frenkel LM, Burchett SK, Aldrovandi GM, Carey V, Oyomopito R, Mahalanibis M, Decker D, Kovacs A. HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) M184V/I improves the rate of suppression of viral replication by salvage therapy. 8th Conf Retro and Opportun Infect. 2001 Feb 4-8 (abstract no 463)
Kovacs A, Burchett S, Khoury M, Carey V, Pahwa S, McIntosh K, Oyomopito R, Smith E, Mofenson L. Virologic and immunologic responses in children with advanced HIV disease on a new HAART regimen (PACTG 366). 8th Conf Retro and Opportun Infect. 2001 Feb 4-8 (abstract no 684)

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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT00000902    
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 366
11329 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES )
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 1, 2014
Last Verified: October 2012
Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Drug Therapy, Combination
RNA, Viral
Anti-HIV Agents
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors