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Trial record 14 of 3101 for:    HIV Infections | NIH

A Study of the Effects of Giving Two Anti-HIV Vaccines to Babies of HIV-Positive Mothers

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00000879
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : May 18, 2012
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to see if giving the ALVAC vCP1452 anti-HIV vaccine alone or with another vaccine called AIDSVAX B/B to babies of HIV-positive mothers is safe. The study will also look at how these vaccines affect a baby's immune system. Most HIV-positive children get HIV from their mothers during pregnancy or birth. Treatment with anti-HIV drugs can reduce the baby's risk of getting HIV. Vaccines also may help prevent HIV infection. This study will look at whether the ALVAC vCP1452 vaccine and the AIDSVAX B/B vaccine can help the body fight off HIV infection. There is no chance of getting HIV infection from the vaccines. (This study has been changed. In earlier versions, ALVAC vCP205 and AIDSVAX B/E were going to be used.)

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections HIV Seronegativity Biological: ALVAC(2)120(B,MN)GNP (vCP1452) Biological: MN rgp120/HIV-1 and GNE8 rgp120/HIV-1 Biological: ALVAC-HIV MN120TMG (vCP205) Phase 1

Detailed Description:

Transmission of HIV from an untreated infected mother to her offspring is thought to occur to some infants perinatally and others at parturition. It is possible that administration of an immunogenic vaccine can reduce the vertical transmission of HIV-1 or moderate its course in infected infants. Successful early sensitization to HIV epitopes might succeed in preventing HIV infection. Alternately, the enhancement of HIV-specific immune function might also succeed in modifying HIV replication and affecting disease progression.

Sixty infants are treated in this randomized, double-blind study; 45 infants receive recombinant Canarypox virus, ALVAC-HIV vCP205, and 15 receive placebo. Mothers serve as proxy for their infants. All infants receive a minimum of four immunizations, at Weeks 0 (within 72 hours of birth), 4, 8, and 12. Initially, 24 patients are randomized to receive one of two doses of vCP205 or a saline placebo. When a suitable subunit vaccine is available, the protocol will be amended and 36 additional infants will be randomized to receive vCP205 alone or with a subunit vaccine at Weeks 4 and 8 (or vaccine placebo with or without subunit placebo). [AS PER AMENDMENT 11/5/97: 18 infants receive ALVAC-HIV vCP205 at one of two doses and 6 receive placebo.] [AS PER AMENDMENT 9/9/99: Cohort 1 received vCP205. Cohort 2 received a higher dose of vCP205. Cohort A received vCP205 placebo (saline). Cohorts 1, 2, and A were double-blinded and closed to accrual in March 1999. As of September 1999, infants are randomized to one of four new cohorts. Cohort 3 receives vCP1452 at Weeks 0, 4, 8, and 12. Cohort 4 receives vCP1452 at Weeks 0 and 4, then receives vCP1452 plus AIDSVAX B/E gp120 at Weeks 8 and 12. Cohort B receives vCP1452 placebo at Weeks 0, 4, 8, and 12. Cohort C receives vCP1452 placebo at Weeks 0 and 4, then receives vCP1452 placebo plus AIDSVAX B/E placebo at Weeks 8 and 12. All infants are followed every 2 weeks for the first 14 weeks of life, and then every 6 months until age 2. Cord blood is used to establish autologous B cell lines, and CTL assays are performed to characterize the immune response to HIV. In addition, CD4 count, viral load, and mucosal antibody responses are measured. Immunized infants who are not infected with HIV serve as controls for the immunogenicity of the vaccines in the infected infants.] [AS PER AMENDMENT 1/24/00: AIDSVAX B/E has been replaced with AIDSVAX B/B.]

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Enrollment : 48 participants
Masking: Double
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I/II Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of ALVAC HIV Vaccines Alone and With AIDSVAX B/B in Children Born to HIV-Infected Mothers
Actual Study Completion Date : April 2005

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   up to 3 Days   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

The infant may be eligible if the mother:

  • Is HIV-positive.
  • Is willing to follow the study guidelines.
  • Had her baby at Week 37 of pregnancy or later.

Exclusion Criteria

The infant will not be eligible if the mother:

  • Has hepatitis B.
  • Is breast-feeding her baby.
  • Used certain medications during pregnancy.

The infant will not be eligible if he/she:

  • Is more than 3 days old at study entry.
  • Has a serious infection or life-threatening illness.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00000879

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United States, California
Long Beach Memorial Med. Ctr., Miller Children's Hosp.
Long Beach, California, United States, 90801
Children's Hosp. of Orange County
Orange, California, United States, 92868
San Francisco, California, United States
Harbor - UCLA Med. Ctr. - Dept. of Peds., Div. of Infectious Diseases
Torrance, California, United States
United States, Illinois
Mt. Sinai Hosp. Med. Ctr. - Chicago, Womens & Childrens HIV Program
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60608
Chicago Children's CRS
Chicago, Illinois, United States
United States, Louisiana
Tulane Univ. Health Science Ctr., Tulane Univ. Hosp. & Clinic
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States
United States, Maryland
Univ. of Maryland Med. Ctr., Div. of Ped. Immunology & Rheumatology
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201
United States, Massachusetts
HMS - Children's Hosp. Boston, Div. of Infectious Diseases
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
WNE Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS CRS
Worcester, Massachusetts, United States
United States, New York
Jacobi Med. Ctr. Bronx NICHD CRS
Bronx, New York, United States, 10461
Nyu Ny Nichd Crs
New York, New York, United States, 10016
New York, New York, United States, 10032
SUNY Upstate Med. Univ., Dept. of Peds.
Syracuse, New York, United States, 13210
United States, Pennsylvania
Univ. of Pennsylvania Health System, Hosp. of the Univ. of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
The Children's Hosp. of Philadelphia IMPAACT CRS
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
United States, Washington
Seattle Children's Hospital CRS
Seattle, Washington, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
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Study Chair: John Lambert
Study Chair: Daniel Johnson
Study Chair: Stuart Starr

Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
Johnson D, McFarland E, Muresan P, Fenton T, Lambert J, McNamara J, Hawkins E, Bouquin P, Read J, Estep S, Gunurathan S, Gurwith M, PACTG 326 Protocol Team. PACTG 326: A Phase I/II Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of Alvac HIV Vaccines Alone and with AIDSVax B/B in Children Born to HIV-infected Mothers: Preliminary Results. 10th Conference on Retroviruses and Oppurtunistic Infections. Feb 2003. Abstract 404.

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Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT00000879     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 326
10601 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES Registry Number )
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 18, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Pregnancy Complications, Infectious
AIDS Vaccines
Disease Transmission, Vertical
HIV Preventive Vaccine
HIV Therapeutic Vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs