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A Study to Test the Safety of Recombinant Interleukin-2 (rIL-2) in HIV-Infected Children

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000849
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 31, 2001
Last Update Posted : May 21, 2012
Information provided by (Responsible Party):

Study Description
Brief Summary:

The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and maximum tolerated dose (the highest dose that can be given safely) of recombinant Interleukin-2 (rIL-2) in HIV-infected children. This study also evaluates the effect of rIL-2 on the immune system of these patients.

IL-2 is a substance naturally produced by the body's white blood cells that plays an important role in helping the body fight infection. HIV-infected patients do not produce enough IL-2, and it is hoped that the use of rIL-2 may improve immune system function in these patients. First, it is necessary to determine the safety and effectiveness of this drug in HIV-infected children.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
HIV Infections Drug: Aldesleukin Phase 1

Detailed Description:

According to study records, IL-2 has not been tested in HIV-infected children. Experience with IL-2 in pediatric populations is extremely limited. Pahwa et al. gave 30,000 units/kg daily IV to a child with severe combined immunodeficiency. This dose was well tolerated and the patient improved clinically as well as immunologically. Part A is necessary to determine the maximum tolerated dose of IL-2 in infected children. Part B will determine the efficacy of the maximum tolerated dose in infected children.

Part A: Children will receive rIL-2 intravenously for 5 days every 8 weeks for 3 cycles. The study will enroll 4 patients in each of 3 dose levels. Dose escalation may occur if all 4 patients in a dose level tolerate therapy without evidence of Grade 3 (or higher) toxicity. If 1 of 4 subjects in any dose level experiences at least Grade 3 toxicity, 2 additional patients will be enrolled in that dose level. If 1 of these 2 additional patients experiences at least Grade 3 toxicity, dose escalation will not proceed. NOTE: Once Part A is completed and the maximum tolerated dose is established, children who participated in Part A and received less than the maximum tolerated dose will be offered additional therapy consisting of 3 cycles of rIL-2 at the maximum tolerated dose.

Part B: Children will receive rIL-2 intravenously at the maximum tolerated dose established in part A. Treatment will be given for 5 days every 8 weeks for 3 cycles. [AS PER AMENDMENT 6/4/98: Children will receive rIL-2 intravenously at the lowest dose for 5 days every 8 weeks for 6 cycles. Patients who received this dose in part A will also be offered this regimen.]

Study Design

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 27 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Trial of Recombinant Interleukin-2 In Symptomatic Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Children
Study Completion Date : March 2001

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: HIV/AIDS
Drug Information available for: Aldesleukin
U.S. FDA Resources

Arms and Interventions

Outcome Measures

Eligibility Criteria

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 12 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria

Children may be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are HIV-positive.
  • Have decreased immune system functioning (CD4 count 500-1000 for 3- to 5-year-olds or CD4 count 200-500 for 6- to 12-year-olds).
  • Have symptomatic HIV infection.
  • Have a viral level less than 400 copies/ml.
  • Are between the ages of 3 and 12 (consent of parent or guardian required).

Exclusion Criteria

Children will not be eligible for this study if they:

  • Have an active opportunistic infection.
  • Are pregnant.
Contacts and Locations

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00000849

United States, California
Long Beach Memorial Med. Ctr., Miller Children's Hosp.
Long Beach, California, United States, 90801
San Francisco, California, United States, 941430105
United States, Colorado
Univ. of Colorado Denver NICHD CRS
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 802181088
United States, Florida
Univ. of Florida Jacksonville NICHD CRS
Jacksonville, Florida, United States, 32209
United States, Illinois
Chicago Children's CRS
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 606143394
Univ. of Chicago - Dept. of Peds., Div. of Infectious Disease
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 606371470
United States, Louisiana
Tulane/LSU Maternal/Child CRS
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 701122699
United States, Massachusetts
HMS - Children's Hosp. Boston, Div. of Infectious Diseases
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 021155724
United States, New York
NYU Med. Ctr., Dept. of Medicine
New York, New York, United States, 10016
New York, New York, United States, 10032
Incarnation Children's Ctr.
New York, New York, United States, 10032
United States, Pennsylvania
The Children's Hosp. of Philadelphia IMPAACT CRS
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 191044318
United States, Texas
Texas Children's Hosp. CRS
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
United States, Virginia
VCU Health Systems, Dept. of Peds
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23219
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)
Study Chair: Stuart Starr
Study Chair: Steven Douglas
More Information

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000849     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 299
11275 ( Registry Identifier: DAIDS ES Registry Number )
First Posted: August 31, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: May 21, 2012
Last Verified: May 2012

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Immunity, Cellular
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AIDS-Related Complex
Viral Load

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents