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Optimal Exercise Regimens for Persons at Increased Risk

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Identifier:
First received: October 27, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: January 2000
To assess exercise training adherence and compliance over two years in subjects who were at relatively high risk for coronary artery disease. Also, to test strategies for improving adherence and compliance and to assess the effect of exercise training.

Condition Intervention Phase
Cardiovascular Diseases Coronary Disease Heart Diseases Myocardial Ischemia Behavioral: exercise Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Prevention

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: April 1986
Detailed Description:


Regular physical exercise is associated with lower coronary heart disease mortality, favorably affects coronary risk factors, and increases cardiovascular functional capacity. Fewer than one-third of Americans engage in regular physical exercise and only 20 percent of men and 10 percent of women over age 45 do so. This is largely because effective strategies for increasing the exercise habit in a broadly-based segment of Americans have not been developed. This study applied physiological and behavioral knowledge derived in numerous laboratories over the past 10-15 years to a clinical setting.


Following stratification by gender and cigarette smoking status, subjects were randomized to one of four groups: home exercise of moderate intensity which was individually monitored; home exercise of high intensity which was individually monitored; exercise of high intensity which was group supervised; and a no program control group. The intervention program was conducted for one year followed by a one-year maintenance program. Main outcome measures included treadmill exercise test performance, exercise participation rates, and heart disease risk factors. Variables measured over two years included plasma lipids, lipoproteins, apoproteins, lipase activity, glucose and insulin, sex hormones, cardiovascular reactivity to psychological stress, cigarette smoking, nutrient intake, psychological status, and cardiovascular functional capacity.


Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sedentary men and women, ages 50 to 65. Women were postmenopausal and not taking hormone replacement therapy. All subjects were free from, but at increased risk for, coronary heart disease.
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No Contacts or Locations Provided
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT00000523     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 42
Study First Received: October 27, 1999
Last Updated: June 23, 2005

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Coronary Disease
Coronary Artery Disease
Myocardial Ischemia
Pathologic Processes
Vascular Diseases
Arterial Occlusive Diseases processed this record on August 18, 2017