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History of Changes for Study: NCT03556293
IMPROVE AKI Cluster-Randomized Trial (IMPROVE-AKI)
Latest version (submitted February 2, 2022) on ClinicalTrials.gov
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Study Record Versions
Version A B Submitted Date Changes
1 June 12, 2018 None (earliest Version on record)
2 December 6, 2018 Study Status
3 April 26, 2019 Study Status and Eligibility
4 September 10, 2019 Recruitment Status, Study Status and Contacts/Locations
5 September 18, 2020 Study Status
6 October 6, 2021 Study Status
7 February 2, 2022 Study Status
Comparison Format:

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Study NCT03556293
Submitted Date:  June 12, 2018 (v1)

Open or close this module Study Identification
Unique Protocol ID: D18114
Brief Title: IMPROVE AKI Cluster-Randomized Trial (IMPROVE-AKI)
Official Title: IMPROVE AKI: A Cluster-Randomized Trial of Team-Based Coaching Interventions to IMPROVE Acute Kidney Injury
Secondary IDs:
Open or close this module Study Status
Record Verification: June 2018
Overall Status: Not yet recruiting
Study Start: November 1, 2018
Primary Completion: October 31, 2021 [Anticipated]
Study Completion: April 30, 2023 [Anticipated]
First Submitted: April 30, 2018
First Submitted that
Met QC Criteria:
June 12, 2018
First Posted: June 14, 2018 [Actual]
Last Update Submitted that
Met QC Criteria:
June 12, 2018
Last Update Posted: June 14, 2018 [Actual]
Open or close this module Sponsor/Collaborators
Sponsor: Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Responsible Party: Principal Investigator
Investigator: Jeremiah R. Brown
Official Title: Study Contact PI, Associate Professor
Affiliation: Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center
Collaborators: Vanderbilt University
University of Vermont
Open or close this module Oversight
U.S. FDA-regulated Drug: No
U.S. FDA-regulated Device: No
Data Monitoring: Yes
Open or close this module Study Description
Brief Summary: When a person has an imaging procedure that uses radio-contrast dye, there is a possibility of damage to that person's kidneys, which could result in being on dialysis or early death. The investigators are testing novel coaching and automated tools to help healthcare teams apply approaches that have been shown to prevent damage to kidneys during a cardiac catheterization procedure. The results of our study will help inform health care leaders on how to implement low-cost preventive strategies through team-based coaching and surveillance reporting for kidney injury and other patient safety priorities to every hospital in the United States.
Detailed Description: The investigators propose to test the implementation of evidence-based preventive interventions through a Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC) with and without the novel use Automated Surveillance Reporting (ASR) intervention to change clinical practice and improve patient safety in common diagnostic procedures. Over 2 million people in the United States undergo diagnostic or interventional cardiac catheterization each year. Acute kidney injury (AKI), a patient safety metric set by the National Quality Forum, occurs in up to 14% of all patients following a procedure and up to 50% in patients with pre-existing chronic kidney disease (CKD), making AKI the most prevalent adverse event. Patients developing AKI have an increased risk of serious adverse events. There are widely accepted interventions to prevent AKI in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. Our research team has demonstrated AKI can be prevented in 28% of patients with CKD through a large regional pilot. Our team has already developed ASR techniques for AKI nationally within the Veterans' Administration. Based on our own preliminary studies, the investigators hypothesize the incorporation of an automated plug-in ASR toolkit to provide near-realtime feedback to front-line care teams will significantly augment both VLC and Technical Assistance (TA) interventions in implementation trials. Our objective is to conduct a national randomized clinical trial testing the use of VLC or TA with or without a plug-in ASR toolkit to determine if ASR significantly improves outcomes for patients undergoing procedures with contrast dye to overcome the inconsistent application of known ways to prevent AKI. The rationale underlying the project is that ASR could prove to be a plug-in vehicle to improve patient endpoints in evidence-based preventive interventions in common diagnostic procedures. The investigators plan to test our hypothesis through the following specific aims in a 2x2 factorial cluster-randomized trial. For all aims, 16 hospitals will be randomized to receive one of the following interventions for 18-months: A) Technical Assistance (TA); B) Technical Assistance with Automated Surveillance Reporting (TA+ASR); C) Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC) with team-based coaching (VLC); and D) Virtual Learning Collaborative with Automated Surveillance Reporting (VLC+ASR). Specific Aim 1: Compare the efficacy of a VLC and/or ASR compared to TA to reduce the incidence of AKI. Specific Aim 2: Evaluate the sustained efficacy of VLC and/or ASR to reduce the incidence of AKI following the intervention period. The interventions proposed use novel interactive video coaching sessions and ASR as low-cost scalable implementation strategies to prevent a clinical endpoint (AKI). Eighteen hospitals have agreed to participate and be randomized. The investigators expect the impact of a plug-in ASR to augment evidence based preventive interventions and VLC could significantly improve the consistent application of these interventions and implementation trials. In our opinion, our study will open the door to a new paradigm of implementation science seeking to continuously improve health care.
Open or close this module Conditions
Conditions: Acute Kidney Injury
Keywords:
Open or close this module Study Design
Study Type: Interventional
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Study Phase: Not Applicable
Interventional Study Model: Factorial Assignment
2x2 factorial cluster randomized trial
Number of Arms: 4
Masking: None (Open Label)
Allocation: Randomized
Enrollment: 10576 [Anticipated]
Open or close this module Arms and Interventions
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Technical Assistance (No ASR)
Technical Assistance (TA). Intervention: TA will be offered to the 4 teams randomized to the TA condition without automated surveillance reporting and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly technical calls independently
Behavioral: AKI Prevention Toolkit
AKI Prevention Toolkit. Intervention: All sites will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit including 3 core interventions: 1. Standardized order sets; 2. IV and oral fluids; and 3. Reduced contrast volume. The interventions adhere to the KDIGO guidelines and add interventions developed and tested in our pilot intervention to implement AKI preventive strategies.
Behavioral: Technical Assistance (TA)
Technical Assistance (TA). Intervention: TA will be offered to the 8 teams randomized to the TA condition and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly technical calls independently. TA arms will include TA with and without automated surveillance reporting (ASR).
Active Comparator: Virtual Learning Collaborative (No ASR)
Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC). Intervention: The VLC will be offered to 4 teams without automated surveillance reportingand will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly virtual training calls with the other VLC sites. Each participating site will be supported to establish a multidisciplinary team charged with continuously improving AKI, which will include interventional cardiologists, cardiac catheterization lab manager and technicians, nursing representatives from the intensive care unit and/or holding areas, cardiology administration, nephrology, and representation from the quality improvement department (VA Clinical Application Coordinator [CAC] and Systems Redesign).
Behavioral: AKI Prevention Toolkit
AKI Prevention Toolkit. Intervention: All sites will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit including 3 core interventions: 1. Standardized order sets; 2. IV and oral fluids; and 3. Reduced contrast volume. The interventions adhere to the KDIGO guidelines and add interventions developed and tested in our pilot intervention to implement AKI preventive strategies.
Behavioral: Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC)
Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC). Intervention: The VLC will be offered to 8 teams and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly virtual training calls with the other VLC sites. Each participating site will be supported to establish a multidisciplinary team charged with continuously improving AKI, which will include interventional cardiologists, cardiac catheterization lab manager and technicians, nursing representatives from the intensive care unit and/or holding areas, cardiology administration, nephrology, and representation from the quality improvement department (VA Clinical Application Coordinator [CAC] and Systems Redesign). VLC arms will include VLC with and without automated surveillance reporting (ASR).
Active Comparator: Technical Assistance with ASR
Technical Assistance (TA). Intervention: TA will be offered to the 4 teams randomized to the TA condition with automated surveillance reporting (ASR) and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly technical calls independently and monthly ASR dashboard.
Behavioral: AKI Prevention Toolkit
AKI Prevention Toolkit. Intervention: All sites will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit including 3 core interventions: 1. Standardized order sets; 2. IV and oral fluids; and 3. Reduced contrast volume. The interventions adhere to the KDIGO guidelines and add interventions developed and tested in our pilot intervention to implement AKI preventive strategies.
Behavioral: Technical Assistance (TA)
Technical Assistance (TA). Intervention: TA will be offered to the 8 teams randomized to the TA condition and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly technical calls independently. TA arms will include TA with and without automated surveillance reporting (ASR).
Behavioral: Automated Surveillance Reporting (ASR)
Automated Surveillance Reporting (ASR). Intervention: The ASR will be offered to 8 teams. In addition to either TA or VLC, ASR teams will receive automated monthly reports in the form of an dashboard focused on AKI outcome and preventative measures overtime. The ASR report will be customized to each team and each individual operator and linked to their national VA-CART registry.
Active Comparator: Virtual Learning Collaborative with ASR
Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC). Intervention: The VLC will be offered to 4 teams with automated surveillance reporting (ASR) and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly virtual training calls with the other VLC sites with the and monthly ASR dashboard. Each participating site will be supported to establish a multidisciplinary team charged with continuously improving AKI, which will include interventional cardiologists, cardiac catheterization lab manager and technicians, nursing representatives from the intensive care unit and/or holding areas, cardiology administration, nephrology, and representation from the quality improvement department (VA Clinical Application Coordinator [CAC] and Systems Redesign).
Behavioral: AKI Prevention Toolkit
AKI Prevention Toolkit. Intervention: All sites will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit including 3 core interventions: 1. Standardized order sets; 2. IV and oral fluids; and 3. Reduced contrast volume. The interventions adhere to the KDIGO guidelines and add interventions developed and tested in our pilot intervention to implement AKI preventive strategies.
Behavioral: Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC)
Virtual Learning Collaborative (VLC). Intervention: The VLC will be offered to 8 teams and will receive the AKI Prevention Toolkit plus monthly virtual training calls with the other VLC sites. Each participating site will be supported to establish a multidisciplinary team charged with continuously improving AKI, which will include interventional cardiologists, cardiac catheterization lab manager and technicians, nursing representatives from the intensive care unit and/or holding areas, cardiology administration, nephrology, and representation from the quality improvement department (VA Clinical Application Coordinator [CAC] and Systems Redesign). VLC arms will include VLC with and without automated surveillance reporting (ASR).
Behavioral: Automated Surveillance Reporting (ASR)
Automated Surveillance Reporting (ASR). Intervention: The ASR will be offered to 8 teams. In addition to either TA or VLC, ASR teams will receive automated monthly reports in the form of an dashboard focused on AKI outcome and preventative measures overtime. The ASR report will be customized to each team and each individual operator and linked to their national VA-CART registry.
Open or close this module Outcome Measures
Primary Outcome Measures:
1. Acute Kidney Injury
[ Time Frame: within 48-hours of the procedure or within 7-days for in-patients, or onset of dialysis within 7-days ]

AKI defined by ≥0.30 (mg/dL) or ≥50% increase in serum creatinine over baseline within 48-hours of the procedure or within 7-days for in-patients, or onset of dialysis within 7-days.
Secondary Outcome Measures:
1. Sustainability Measure
[ Time Frame: 12 to 18 months after active interventions ]

Sustainability Measure: sites will demonstrate sustained implementation if all 3 core interventions are reported to be in place (1. Standardized order sets; 2. IV and Oral Fluids; and 3. Efforts to reduced contrast volume).
Open or close this module Eligibility
Minimum Age:
Maximum Age:
Sex: All
Gender Based:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: No
Criteria:

Inclusion Criteria:

  • VA Site Inclusion Criteria: All VA medical centers with a cardiac catheterization laboratory are eligible, and all catheterization operators at a site are included.
  • Patient Inclusion Criteria: Among these sites, only patients aged 18 or greater with pre-existing CKD who undergo diagnostic coronary angiography or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI or angioplasty) will be enrolled in the trial. CKD will be determined by a pre-existing CKD diagnosis in the VA medical record, or by two or more estimated glomerular filtration rates <60 (ml/min/1.73 m2) at least 90-days apart prior to presentation.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • VA Site Exclusion Criteria: VA medical centers actively enrolling patients in the PRESERVE trial are excluded from participation because of a potential interaction effect between those trials in PRESERVE and our proposed trial.
  • Patient Exclusion Criteria: Patients with a history of dialysis (hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis), under the age of 18, or no evidence of pre-existing CKD will be excluded. Cardiac catheterization (also referred to as coronary angiography) is defined as a procedure in which a catheter is inserted into the femoral or radial artery and is threaded to the cardiac vasculature where radio-contrast dye is administered and a series of x-rays obtained in order to visualize the coronary arterial anatomy. PCI is when a clinical intervention is then performed to address any treatable pathology that is found.
Open or close this module Contacts/Locations
Central Contact Person: Jeremiah R Brown, PhD
Telephone: 603-653-3576
Email: Jeremiah.R.Brown@dartmouth.edu
Central Contact Backup: Kevin Cox
Telephone: 603-653-3559
Email: Kevin.C.Cox@Dartmouth.edu
Study Officials: Jeremiah R Brown, PhD
Principal Investigator
Dartmouth College
Locations:
Open or close this module IPDSharing
Plan to Share IPD: Yes
Tools (data, software, libraries, research tools, etc.) will be made available to all researchers in both the private and public sector free or for a nominal charge and with minimal restriction. An analytic program file used to produce the analyses and a de-identified dataset will be made available to third parties within the VA system to conduct confirmatory analyses for the proposed specific aims. All parties must be in compliance with VA regulations and access. All analytic program files (code) and results will be reported in supplementary appendixes for all publications.
Supporting Information:
Statistical Analysis Plan (SAP)
Informed Consent Form (ICF)
Clinical Study Report (CSR)
Analytic Code
Time Frame:
Immediately following publication and contingent on third party access to VA data and regulations.
Access Criteria:
contingent on third party access to VA data and regulations
URL:
Open or close this module References
Citations:
Links:
Available IPD/Information:

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