History of Changes for Study: NCT03048955
Assessing Superion Clinical Endpoints vs. Decompression (ASCEND)
Latest version (submitted June 10, 2019) on
  • A study version is represented by a row in the table.
  • Select two study versions to compare. One each from columns A and B.
  • Choose either the "Merged" or "Side-by-Side" comparison format to specify how the two study versions are to be displayed. The Side-by-Side format only applies to the Protocol section of the study.
  • Click "Compare" to do the comparison and show the differences.
  • Select a version's Submitted Date link to see a rendering of the study for that version.
  • The yellow A/B choices in the table indicate the study versions currently compared below. A yellow table row indicates the study version currently being viewed.
  • Hover over the "Recruitment Status" to see how the study's recruitment status changed.
  • Study edits or deletions are displayed in red.
  • Study additions are displayed in green.
Study Record Versions
Version A B Submitted Date Changes
1 February 6, 2017 None (earliest Version on record)
2 February 8, 2017 Outcome Measures and Study Status
3 June 6, 2017 Recruitment Status, Study Status and Contacts/Locations
4 June 10, 2019 Recruitment Status, Study Status, Contacts/Locations and Study Design
Comparison Format:

Scroll up to access the controls

Study NCT03048955
Submitted Date:  February 6, 2017 (v1)

Open or close this module Study Identification
Unique Protocol ID: 15-VISS-01
Brief Title: Assessing Superion Clinical Endpoints vs. Decompression (ASCEND)
Official Title: A 2 and 5 Year Comparative Evaluation of Clinical Outcomes in the Treatment of Moderate Lumbar Spinal Stenosis With the Superion® Indirect Decompression System (IDS) vs. Direct Decompression Surgery for FDA Actual Conditions of Use Study
Secondary IDs:
Open or close this module Study Status
Record Verification: February 2017
Overall Status: Not yet recruiting
Study Start: February 15, 2017
Primary Completion: July 31, 2022 [Anticipated]
Study Completion: July 31, 2025 [Anticipated]
First Submitted: January 25, 2017
First Submitted that
Met QC Criteria:
February 6, 2017
First Posted: February 9, 2017 [Estimate]
Last Update Submitted that
Met QC Criteria:
February 6, 2017
Last Update Posted: February 9, 2017 [Estimate]
Open or close this module Sponsor/Collaborators
Sponsor: VertiFlex, Incorporated
Responsible Party: Sponsor
Open or close this module Oversight
U.S. FDA-regulated Drug: No
U.S. FDA-regulated Device: Yes
Unapproved/Uncleared Device:
Pediatric Postmarket Surveillance:
Data Monitoring: No
Open or close this module Study Description
Brief Summary: PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this study is to demonstrate that the Composite Clinical Success of the study group receiving the Superion® IDS is not inferior to the success rate observed in the study group treated by direct decompression at 60 months follow-up. Secondarily, the trial is intended to establish that Composite Clinical Success of the study group receiving the Superion® IDS at 24 months is not inferior to the success rate observed at 24 months in patients treated with the Superion® IDS in the original IDE trial. Thirdly, the trial is intended to establish that Composite Clinical Success of the population receiving the Superion® IDS in this trial at 24 months is not inferior to the success rate observed at 24 months in patients treated with direct decompression.
Detailed Description:

STUDY DESIGN:This study is a prospective, multi-center, randomized controlled "Conditions of Use" clinical trial comparing the Superion® IDS to open, direct decompression in the treatment of subjects aged 45 or older suffering from moderate symptoms of neurogenic intermittent claudication secondary to a confirmed diagnosis of moderate LSS at one or two contiguous levels from L1 to L5, i.e. from the L1-L2 level to the L4-L5 level. A maximum of 20 investigative sites in the U.S. will enroll subjects into the trial using a 1:1 randomization assignment. Enrollment will include 358 subjects (152 per arm, plus 18% to account for lost to follow-up). An investigative site is defined as a facility or facilities in the same general geographic location if they are under the control of a local Institutional Review Board (IRB).

After implantation of the Superion® IDS or performance of the direct decompression, each Investigator will be permitted to provide a postoperative care regimen based on the subject's specific need. The regimen may include, but need not be limited to: medications, a corset or brace, acupuncture, traction, physical therapy, chiropractic treatment, use of a TENS unit and massage therapy. The type and amount of the postoperative care will be collected.

At each follow-up visit through 60 months, subjects will be interviewed to determine if they have experienced adverse events (AEs) since the previous follow-up visit. A neurological assessment will be performed for all patients at baseline and all follow-up visits. All subjects will be required to complete ZCQ, ODI, VAS, EQ-5D and the VertiFlex® Patient Satisfaction questionnaires to evaluate disability, function, pain, quality of life and satisfaction at each follow-up visit. Subjects are also required to complete a VAS questionnaire to evaluate pain status at discharge.

The potential impact of spinal injections/nerve blocks use on the ZCQ was evaluated based on review of the medical literature. As these are potentially confounding of the ZCQ outcomes, epidural steroid injections or nerve block procedures at the treated level(s) will be deemed failures. Further, rhizotomy procedures at the treated level(s) will be deemed failures.

With respect to spinal cord stimulators, because the use of a permanent implant would require a surgical procedure, this will be deemed a device failure.

Radiographic evaluations will be performed at discharge, and at each scheduled follow-up visit and prior to any re-operations, in accordance with the Radiographic Evaluation Protocol. The Investigator may also obtain x-rays at unscheduled visits or to assess adverse events, if clinically indicated.

Open or close this module Conditions
Conditions: Spinal Stenosis, Lumbar Region With Neurogenic Claudication
Open or close this module Study Design
Study Type: Interventional
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Study Phase: Not Applicable
Interventional Study Model: Parallel Assignment
Prospective, multi-center, randomized, controlled
Number of Arms: 2
Masking: None (Open Label)
Allocation: Randomized
Enrollment: 358 [Anticipated]
Open or close this module Arms and Interventions
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Indirect Decompression System
Superion® IDS surgical procedure
Device: Superion® IDS
Device is a non-fusion, spinal column load-sharing device used to stabilize the spine at the implanted leve
Active Comparator: Direct decompression Surgery
Open, direct decompression surgical procedure
Procedure: Direct decompression Surgery
A surgical procedure - the control
Open or close this module Outcome Measures
Primary Outcome Measures:
1. Composite Endpoint (Primary)
[ Time Frame: 60 Months ]

Month 60 Composite Clinical Success (CCS) -Month 60 success for this comparison of the following items: ZCQ Questionnaire, Re-Operations and Epidural Injections
Open or close this module Eligibility
Minimum Age: 45 Years
Maximum Age:
Sex: All
Gender Based:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers: Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Male or female subjects ≥ 45 years of age.
  2. Persistent leg/buttock/groin pain, with or without back pain that is consistently relieved by flexion activities (example: sitting or bending over a shopping cart).
  3. Subjects who have been symptomatic and undergoing conservative care treatment for at least 6 months, without relief.
  4. Diagnosis of degenerative spinal stenosis of the lumbar spine, defined as the narrowing of the midline sagittal spinal canal (central) and/or narrowing between the facet superior articulating process (SAP), the posterior vertebral margin (lateral access), and the nerve root canal (foraminal).
  5. Radiographic confirmation of at least moderate spinal stenosis which narrows the central, lateral, or foraminal spinal canal at one or two contiguous levels from L1-L5. Moderate spinal stenosis is defined as ≤50% reduction in lateral/central foramen.
  6. Must present with moderately impaired Physical Function (PF) defined as a score of ≥ 2.0 of the Zurich Claudication Questionnaire (ZCQ).
  7. Subjects who are able to give voluntary, written informed consent to participate in this clinical investigation and from whom consent has been obtained.
  8. Subjects, who, in the opinion of the Clinical Investigator, are able to understand this clinical investigation, cooperate with the investigational procedures and are willing to return for all the required post-treatment follow-ups.
    • Note: In Criteria #5, all imaging used to confirm LSS should be completed within 4 weeks prior to enrollment. Radiographic confirmation of LSS may include MRI and/or CT.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Axial back pain only.
  2. Fixed motor deficit in lower extremity(ies).
  3. Diagnosis of lumbar spinal stenosis which, if the patient were randomized to the Superion arm, would not require any direct neural decompression or surgical intervention other than that required to implant the Superion® device or if randomized to the direct decompression arm, would not require a decompression procedure which would create significant instability requiring spinal fusion, with or without instrumentation.
  4. Unremitting pain in any spinal position.
  5. Significant peripheral neuropathy or acute denervation secondary to radiculopathy.
  6. Lumbar spinal stenosis at more than two levels determined pre-operatively to require surgical intervention.
  7. Significant instability of the lumbar spine as defined by ≥ 3mm translation or ≥ 5° angulation through flexion/extension films.
  8. Sustained pathologic fractures of the vertebrae or multiple fractures of the vertebrae and/or hips.
  9. Spondylolisthesis or degenerative spondylolisthesis greater than grade 1 (on a scale of 1-4).
  10. Spondylosis (pars fracture) at the treatment level(s).
  11. Degenerative lumbar scoliosis with a Cobb angle of > 10° at treatment level.
  12. Osteoporosis, defined as a DEXA bone density measurement T score ≤ -2.5.
  13. Morbid obesity, defined as Body Mass Index (BMI) >40kg/m2.
  14. Significant peripheral vascular disease (diminished dorsalis pedis or tibial pulses).
  15. Prior surgery of the lumbar spine at the treatment level(s).
  16. Cauda equina syndrome (defined as neural compression causing neurogenic bowel or bladder dysfunction).
  17. Active (systemic, or local in disc or spine) infection at time of surgery.
  18. Active systemic disease such as AIDS, HIV, hepatitis, etc.
  19. Paget's disease at involved segment or metastasis to the vertebrae, osteomalacia, or other metabolic bone disease.
  20. Currently undergoing immunosuppressive therapy or long-term steroid use.
  21. Known allergy to titanium or titanium alloys.
  22. Tumor in the spine or a malignant tumor except for basal cell carcinoma.
  23. Known or suspected history of alcohol and/or drug abuse.
  24. Prisoner or transient.
  25. Life expectancy less than two years.
  26. Any significant psychological disturbance, psychotic or neurotic, that could impair the consent process or ability to complete subject self-report questionnaires.
  27. Involved in pending litigation of the spine or worker's compensation related to the back.
  28. Enrolled in the treatment phase of another drug or device clinical investigation (currently within past 30 days).
  29. Congenital defect of the spine.
  30. Pregnant or lactating.
  31. Any condition that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would affect the patient's welfare or outcome of the clinical trial.
Open or close this module Contacts/Locations
Central Contact Person: Steve Reitzler
Telephone: 442-325-5934
Central Contact Backup: Leslie Zaccari
Telephone: 442-325-5992
Locations: United States, Louisiana
Spine Institute of Louisiana
Shreveport, Louisiana, United States, 71101
Contact:Contact: Marcus Stone, PhD 318-629-5585
Contact:Principal Investigator: Pierce Nunley, MD
Open or close this module IPDSharing
Plan to Share IPD: No
Open or close this module References
Available IPD/Information:

Scroll up to access the controls Scroll to the Study top

U.S. National Library of Medicine | U.S. National Institutes of Health | U.S. Department of Health & Human Services