A Pharmacogenetic Study of Warfarin Dosing, "The COUMA-GEN Study"

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Deseret Foundation
LDS Hospital Cardiovascular Research
Information provided by:
Intermountain Health Care, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00334464
First received: June 5, 2006
Last updated: August 20, 2008
Last verified: August 2008
  Purpose
Anticoagulation with warfarin is a common and potentially hazardous therapeutic intervention. It is a leading cause of iatrogenic bleeding events and, hence, of malpractice claims. There are no good alternatives presently for warfarin anticoagulation, and even when alternatives become available (i.e., ximelagatran), cost, labeling, and experience (outcomes-related) issues will continue to favor an extensive and ongoing use of warfarin. If the present study is able to confirm an advantage for a genotype-driven algorithm, in terms of improved efficiency, therapeutic efficacy, and, especially, safety, then a pharmacogenetics approach to warfarin dosing can be recommended as the basis for an Intermountain Health Care (IHC)-wide quality improvement initiative that should improve patient outcomes, reduce resource use (costs of achieving safe and therapeutic anticoagulation), and reduce adverse clinical events. COUMA-GEN is a prospective, randomized study of patients who are to begin chronic warfarin therapy for specific, qualifying clinical reasons (i.e., atrial fibrillation (AF), deep vein thrombosis (DVT), or post-orthopedic surgery prophylaxis). Qualifying patients will be consented and randomized to an individualized, genotype-based warfarin-dosing regimen or to standard care (without knowledge of genotype). In each study arm, a predicted maintenance dose will be determined. All patients will receive a baseline International Normalized Ratio (INR). For patients in all 3 entry strata, a starting dose of warfarin that is twice the assigned daily maintenance dose (according to the specific treatment arm) will be prescribed on the first and second days, and then the dose will revert to the assigned maintenance dose.

Condition Intervention
Atrial Fibrillation
Deep Vein Thrombosis
Pulmonary Embolism
Drug: Standard of care or genotyping dosing of warfarin dosing

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Controlled Clinical Pharmacogenetic Study of a CYP2C9 Plus VKORC1 Polymorphism-Based Individualized Dosing Algorithm for Warfarin to Increase Efficiency of Achieving Therapeutic Dosing

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Intermountain Health Care, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • A comparison of the per-patient percentage of out-of-range INRs (<2, >3) over the observation period of up to 3 months as compared with standard (empiric) dosing of warfarin.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • The percentage of out-of-range INRs among patients with at least 1 variant allele
  • The time within the therapeutic INR range of 2-3 (TTR) over the length of study follow-up
  • The proportion of patients reaching therapeutic INR on days 5 and 8
  • The time to first therapeutic INR value
  • The total number of INR measurements made (for safety, efficiency or dose determination reasons)
  • The number of adverse clinical events in each group, defined as an INR>3.9, clinical bleeding events more than minor (e.g., bruising), major bleeding events, thromboembolic events, stroke (all-cause), MI, and death (all-cause).

Estimated Enrollment: 200
Study Start Date: February 2006
Study Completion Date: November 2007
Detailed Description:

The objectives of this study are to determine

  1. whether the pharmacogenetic guided arm can maintain patients a greater time in therapeutic range (TTR - percentage of values in the targeted therapeutic range once a therapeutic INR has been established) without clinical adverse events (i.e., bleeding complications or thromboembolic events),
  2. whether the pharmacogenetic guided arm can achieve a higher percentage of therapeutic warfarin levels by days 5 and 8 of therapy (without intervening non-study dose adjustment), and
  3. whether the pharmacogenetic guided arm can reduce the need for unplanned dose adjustments and additional INR measurements because of excessive (or insufficient) INR level and clinical adverse events, i.e., bleeding complications or thromboembolic events.

The goal is to achieve >75% TTR in the PG-algorithm arm. Compare proportion of patients reaching therapeutic INR on days 5 and 8 and the subsequent and overall proportion ("time") of INR measurements in therapeutic range (TTR) over 3 months between standard and PG-based arms.

This study will enroll 200 qualifying, consenting patients of either gender, 18 years and above, any ethnicity, with life expectancies > 1 year, beginning on chronic outpatient warfarin therapy for AF, or emergency department/outpatient therapy for spontaneous DVT, or inpatient therapy (and continued for 1 mo) after orthopedic surgery for DVT prevention, or heart failure patients (EF<25% or apical akinesis or left ventricular aneurysm or extensive wall motion abnormality) being started on therapy to reduce the risk of thromboembolism.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • The patient (male or non-pregnant/non lactating female1) must be > 18 years of age.
  • The patient or legally authorized representative must sign a written informed consent, prior to the procedure.
  • The potentially eligible patient is at high (post-orthopedic surgery) risk of DVT and the treatment plan will include anticoagulation using warfarin with standard of care follow up including INR assessment.
  • The potentially eligible patient is diagnosed with DVT or at high (post-orthopedic surgery) risk of DVT and the treatment plan will include anticoagulation using warfarin with standard of care follow up including INR assessment.
  • Patient is diagnosed with atrial fibrillation (AF) and the treatment plan will include anticoagulation using warfarin with standard of care follow up including INR assessment.
  • Heart failure patients (EF<25% or apical akinesis or left ventricular aneurysm or extensive wall motion abnormality) in sinus rhythm being started on warfarin to reduce the risk of thromboembolism.
  • Women of childbearing potential must be using adequate measures of contraception (as determined by the Investigator) to avoid pregnancy and should be highly unlikely to conceive during the study period.
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at screen.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Pregnant and/or lactating women and women of child bearing potential not using acceptable means of contraception.
  • Participation in any other clinical trials involving investigational or marketed products within 30 days prior to entry in the study.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00334464

Locations
United States, Utah
LDS Hospital
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84143
Sponsors and Collaborators
Intermountain Health Care, Inc.
Deseret Foundation
LDS Hospital Cardiovascular Research
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Jeffrey L Anderson Intermountain Health Care, Inc.
  More Information

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00334464     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 128-120 
Study First Received: June 5, 2006
Last Updated: August 20, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Intermountain Health Care, Inc.:
warfarin metabolism
CYP2C0
anticoagulation
genotyping
DVT
PE

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Atrial Fibrillation
Thrombosis
Embolism
Pulmonary Embolism
Venous Thrombosis
Arrhythmias, Cardiac
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Pathologic Processes
Embolism and Thrombosis
Vascular Diseases
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Warfarin
Anticoagulants

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 25, 2016