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SUSTAIN - Study of Ranibizumab in Patients With Subfoveal Choroidal Neovascularization Secondary to Age-Related Macular Degeneration

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00331864
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : May 31, 2006
Results First Posted : January 4, 2011
Last Update Posted : February 18, 2011
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Novartis

Brief Summary:
Ranibizumab is a humanised recombinant monoclonal antibody fragment targeted against human vascular endothelial growth factor A. This study will assess the safety and efficacy of ranibizumab administered on an as-needed dosing regimen in patients with subfoveal choroidal neovascularization (CNV) secondary to age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Age Related Macular Degeneration Choroidal Neovascularization Drug: Ranibizumab Phase 3

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 531 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase IIIb, Open-label, Multi-center 12 Month Study to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability and Efficacy of Ranibizumab (0.3 mg and/or 0.5 mg) in Patients With Subfoveal Choroidal Neovasculariza-tion Secondary to Age-related Macular Degeneration
Study Start Date : April 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : April 2008
Study Completion Date : April 2008


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Ranibizumab
Ranibizumab-naïve (Non-ANCHOR) patients received up to 12 intravitreal injections (Month 0 through Month 11). The dose of 0.3 mg ranibizumab was administered monthly for three consecutive months. From Month 3 through Month 11, either 0.3 mg ranibizumab or, after implementation of an amendment to the protocol, 0.5 mg ranibizumab were injected as individually needed based on re-treatment criteria described in the protocol. For patients who had participated in the ANCHOR study, either 0.3 mg ranibizumab or, after implementation of an amendment to the protocol, 0.5 mg ranibizumab was injected if the patient met re-treatment criteria described in the protocol. Ranibizumab was administered no sooner than 14 days after the previous treatment.
Drug: Ranibizumab
Other Name: rhuFab V2




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Percentage of Patients With Ocular Adverse Events (AEs) in the Study Eye [ Time Frame: Baseline through end of study (12 month treatment period) ]
    Percentage of patients with ocular adverse events in the study eye over the one year (12 month) treatment period.

  2. Percentage of Patients With Targeted Grade 3 Adverse Events (AEs) in the Study Eye [ Time Frame: Baseline through end of study (12 month treatment period) ]

    Grade 3 targeted AEs included:

    • 4+ ocular inflammation or 2-3+ ocular inflammation failing to decrease to ≤ 1+ within 30 days
    • ≥ 30 letter decrease in BCVA that developed within 14 days of ranibizumab injection
    • sustained (>15 minutes) loss of light perception due to elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) or a >20 mm Hg change in IOP persisting longer than 14 days
    • new retinal tear or detachment involving the macula
    • new vitreous hemorrhage >2+ severity not resolving within 14 days
    • new or increase of previous retinal hemorrhage >1 disc area in size and involving the fovea


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Change in Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) of the Study Eye From Baseline to Month 3 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 3 ]

    BCVA was assessed using best correction determined from protocol refraction. BCVA measurements were taken in a sitting position using Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS)-like visual acuity testing charts at an initial testing distance of 4 meters.

    BCVA is measured by the number of letters a patient could correctly read on an eye chart; hence an increased score indicates improvement in acuity.


  2. Mean Change in Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) of the Study Eye From Baseline to Month 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 12 ]

    BCVA was assessed using best correction determined from protocol refraction. BCVA measurements were taken in a sitting position using Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS)-like visual acuity testing charts at an initial testing distance of 4 meters.

    BCVA is measured by the number of letters a patient could correctly read on an eye chart; hence an increased score indicates improvement in acuity.


  3. Mean Change in Central Retinal Thickness of the Study Eye From Baseline to Month 3 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 3 ]
    Central retinal thickness was assessed using optical coherence tomography (OCT). OCT imaging was performed by trained personnel at each site using the Zeiss Stratus OCT™ 3 with version A6.1 (or more recent) software. Analysis of the OCT images was performed by the investigator. A negative number indicates improvement (reduced thickness).

  4. Mean Change in Central Retinal Thickness of the Study Eye From Baseline to Month 12 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Month 12 ]
    Central retinal thickness was assessed using optical coherence tomography (OCT). OCT imaging was performed by trained personnel at each site using the Zeiss Stratus OCT™ 3 with version A6.1 (or more recent) software. Analysis of the OCT images was performed by the investigator. A negative number indicates improvement (reduced thickness).

  5. Time to the First Retreatment After Month 2 [ Time Frame: Month 2 to Month 11 ]

    Time to first re-treatment is calculated as time difference in months starting from Month 2 until the month of first re-treatment.

    Criteria for re-treatment:

    • a >5 letter decrease in BCVA (determined using EDRS charts) based upon the highest visual acuity score from any prior scheduled study visit (Months 0, 1, 2 or 3)
    • a >100 µm increase in central retinal thickness (determined using OCT) from the thinnest measurement from any prior scheduled study visit (Months 0, 1, 2 or 3)

  6. Total Number of Treatments [ Time Frame: Baseline (Month 0) to Month 11 ]
    Total number of treatments administered during the entire treatment period (Month 0 to 11).



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Ages Eligible for Study:   50 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Patients who participated in this study included those who had completed participation in the study CRFB002A2301 (ANCHOR; NCT00061594), newly diagnosed patients, as well as previously diagnosed patients who had had recent disease progression.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or female patients > 50 years of age
  • Diagnosis of active primary or recurrent CNV secondary to AMD, including those with predominantly classic, minimally classic or occult lesions with no classic component
  • The total area of CNV (including both classic and occult components) encompassed within the lesion must be >= 50% of the total lesion area
  • The total lesion area must be <= 12 disc areas
  • Patients who have a BCVA (best corrected visual acuity) score between 73 and 24 letters, inclusive, in the study eye using ETDRS-like (Early Treatment of Diabetic Retinopathy Study) grading charts (approximately 20/40 to 20/320)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients who have a BCVA of < 34 letters in both eyes (legally blind is defined as bilateral vision below 20/200 or less than 34 letters)
  • Laser photocoagulation, treatment with intravitreal steroids, verteporfin photo dynamic therapy or pegaptanib sodium in the study eye within 30 days preceding Day 1
  • Previous participation in a clinical trial (for either eye) involving anti-angiogenic drugs (pegaptanib, ranibizumab, anecortave acetate, protein kinase C inhibitors, etc.)

Other protocol-defined inclusion/exclusion criteria may apply.


Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00331864


Locations
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Switzerland
Novartis - 64 sites in 11 countries
Basel, Switzerland
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novartis
Investigators
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Study Chair: Novartis Customer Information Novartis - Including Sites in Germany

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Responsible Party: External Affairs, Novartis
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00331864     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CRFB002A2303
First Posted: May 31, 2006    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 4, 2011
Last Update Posted: February 18, 2011
Last Verified: February 2011
Keywords provided by Novartis:
AMD, ranibizumab
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Macular Degeneration
Choroidal Neovascularization
Neovascularization, Pathologic
Retinal Degeneration
Retinal Diseases
Eye Diseases
Metaplasia
Pathologic Processes
Choroid Diseases
Uveal Diseases
Ranibizumab
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents