Working... Menu

Prognostic Markers of Gynecologic Cancers

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Know the risks and potential benefits of clinical studies and talk to your health care provider before participating. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00290459
Recruitment Status : Recruiting
First Posted : February 13, 2006
Last Update Posted : January 3, 2018
James Graham Brown Cancer Center
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Zhenmin Lei, University of Louisville

Brief Summary:

This proposal seeks to retain "discard" pieces of human gynecologic tissues and "discard" ascites fluid collected during normal surgical procedures, along with corresponding blood samples and urine, for research involving prognostic markers of disease/cancer. The specific aims of the proposal include:

  1. To collect "discard" pieces of benign, pre-malignant and malignant gynecologic tissues, "discard" ascites fluid and, when possible, corresponding blood and urine specimens from patients undergoing:

    1. hysterectomy
    2. excisions of cervical dysplasia and/or venereal warts, and
    3. therapeutic excisional surgeries to remove gynecologic disease/cancer (uterine, ovarian and lower female genital tract).
    4. paracentesis for the symptomatic relief of ascites fluid accumulation (distention).
  2. To collect pre-operative blood and urine from patients along with pre- operative blood work drawn for clinical evaluation.
  3. De-identify the patients from their donated tissue, blood and urine specimens by assigning a laboratory identification number.
  4. Rapidly process and store the collected specimens to preserve biological integrity. (RNA, DNA and proteins)
  5. Collect and record the patient's demographic and medical information into a research database under the assigned lab number only.
  6. Assess the specimens for prognostic markers of gynecologic disease/cancer by molecular techniques such as DNA arrays,immunohistochemistry and ELISA.

Condition or disease
Gynecologic Disease Gynecologic Cancer

Detailed Description:

During the last two decades, cancer research has shifted from using cell lines and animal models to directly using human tissue. This is especially true for research focused on premalignancies for which there are few good animal models. Research utilizing human tissues and sera not only addresses many issues/questions of medical research that cannot be evaluated in cell lines and/or in animal models of human disease, but it also provides a system to test the relevance of these findings to human diseases. Various biologic and genetic changes that occur in the developmental stages of human neoplasia can be identified and analyzed using human tissues.

Research using human tissues and sera is making great strides in the effort to define possible markers of developing neoplasia and will promote the design of targeted cancer treatments and possible prevention. It is important to link research findings in tissue and blood specimens to the clinical outcome of patients with malignancy so we can pinpoint when and where, during the course of cancer development, molecular changes occur.

Many malignancies of the female genital tract may arise in more than one location, either synchronously or metachronously, giving rise to the concept of a "field" effect of carcinogenesis. By collecting tissue from multiple epithelial sites (sampled by the physician) it is possible to compare the molecular changes seen in preinvasive to those that occur in invasive neoplasia for differential expression profiles of potential markers. If protein markers are identified in cells present in the diseased tissue we can check the patient's serum and urine to see if the proteins can be detected. This information will enable us to screen and possibly identify these protein markers in patient serum and urine to correlate with the presence of a premalignant or malignant state.

Malignant ascites is excess fluid that accumulates in the space between the membranes lining the abdomen and abdominal organs, otherwise known as the peritoneal, or abdominal cavity. Malignant ascites typically occurs because of a disease, infection, or cancer in the peritoneal cavity that produces excessive fluid. Ascites fluid accumulation is very common in gynecologic cancers, especially ovarian. If protein markers are identified in the cells present in the diseased ascites fluid we may be able to correlate these markers with metastasis of the disease/cancer and possibly help prevent the spread of several gynecologic cancers.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 5000 participants
Observational Model: Ecologic or Community
Time Perspective: Other
Official Title: Prognostic Markers of Gynecologic Cancers
Study Start Date : December 2003
Estimated Primary Completion Date : January 2020
Estimated Study Completion Date : January 2020

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
All female patients undergoing hysterectomy at the Brown Cancer Center

Inclusion Criteria:

  • all female patients older than 18 years of age who are:
  • undergoing hysterectomy
  • excisions of cervical dysplasia and/or venereal warts
  • therapeutic excisional surgeries for any benign or malignant gynecologic disease
  • paracentesis procedure for the symptomatic relief of ascites fluid accumulation (distention)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • women who are pregnant
  • women who are HIV or Hepatitis C positive
  • women who are enrolled in a current clinical trial utilizing the specimens

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00290459

Layout table for location contacts
Contact: Zhenmin Lei, MD 502-852-5509
Contact: A. Bennett Jenson, MD 502-852-3768

Layout table for location information
United States, Kentucky
James Graham Brown Cancer Center Recruiting
Louisville, Kentucky, United States, 40202
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Louisville
James Graham Brown Cancer Center
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Zhenmin Lei, MD University of Louisville, James Graham Brown Cancer Center

Chen Y, Miller C, Mosher R, Zhao X, Deeds J, Morrissey M, Bryant B, Yang D, Meyer R, Cronin F, Gostout BS, Smith-McCune K, Schlegel R., "Identification of Cervical Cancer Markers by cDNA and Tissue Microarrays," Cancer Research, Vol. 63(8), p.1927 - 1935, April 2003. Nucci MR, Castrillon DH, Bai H, Quade BJ, Ince TA, Genest DR, Lee KR, Mutter GL, Crum CP, "Biomarkers in Diagnostic Obstetric and Gynecologic Pathology: a Review," Adv. Anat. Pathol.,Vol.10(2), p. 55-68, March 2003. Nicolette CA, Miller GA., "The Identification of Clinically Relevant Markers and Therapeutic Targets," Drug Discov. Today, Vol. 8(1), p. 31-38, Jan. 2003. Salvesen HB, Akslen LA., "Molecular Pathogenesis and Prognostic Factors in Endometrial Carcinoma," APMIS, Vol. 110(10), p. 673-689, Oct. 2002. Geisler JP, Geisler HE, "Tumor Markers and Molecular Biological Markers in Gynecologic Malignancies," Curr. Opin. Obstet. Gynecol., Vol. 13(1), p. 31-39, Feb. 2001. Holschneider CH, Berek JS, "Ovarian Cancer: Epidemiology, Biology, and Prognostic Factors," Semin. Surg. Oncol., Vol. 19(1), p. 3-10, Jul-Aug 2000. Framarino dei Malatesta ML, Veneziano M, Peppicelli M, Lanzi G, Marzetti L, "Biologic Prognostic Factors in Ovarian Cancer: a Review," Eur. J. Gynaecol. Oncol., Vol. 19(2), p. 123-125, 1998. Busmanis I, "Biomarkers in Carcinoma of the Cervix: Emphasis on Tissue-Related Factors and their Potential Prognostic Factors," Ann. Acad. Med. Singapore, Vol. 27(5), p. 671-675, Sep. 1998. Grizzle WE, "Biomarkers - The New Frontier in the Pathology of Invasive and Preinvasive Neoplasias," Biotech. Histochem., Vol. 72(2), p. 59-61, March 1997. Grizzle WE, Myers RB, Manne U, "The Use of Biomarker Expression to Characterize Neoplastic Processes," Biotech. Histochem., Vol. 72(2), p. 96-104, March 1997.

Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: Zhenmin Lei, Professor, University of Louisville Identifier: NCT00290459     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 608.03
First Posted: February 13, 2006    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: January 3, 2018
Last Verified: December 2017

Keywords provided by Zhenmin Lei, University of Louisville:
Gynecologic Disease
Gynecologic Cancer
Prognostic Markers

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Genital Diseases, Female