New Immunomodulatory Therapy Strategies in Chronic Reactive Arthritis
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00244179
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified September 2006 by Charite University, Berlin, Germany. Recruitment status was: Recruiting
to investigate, whether one of the two alternative therapy strategies (antibiotic plus immunostimulation versus antibiotic plus immunosuppression) in chronic reactive arthritis is therapeutical superior to conventionel standardtherapy (DMARD).
to investigate, whether one or more of the different therapy strategies cause an altered detection of bacterial DNA in the joint or colon.
to measure the antigen-specific and -unspecific immune response (predominantly t-cell response) during therapy and correlate it with the clinical course.
to gain knowledge from these analyses and the clinical course concerning the pathogenesis and the point of attack for possible therapies in chronic reactive arthritis.
to compare cytokine-profiles of CD4- and CD8-positive T-cells from patients treated with infliximab to those treated with etanercept.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 70 Years (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
definite classification of the arthritis as ReA enteric ReA is defined as an arthritis, which occurs within 4 weeks after a preceding symptomatic infection of the gut with enteric bacteria such as yersinia, salmonella, campylobacter jejuni, shigella. If no symptomatic preceding infection can be remembered the triggering enterobacterium has to be clearly identified by serology or stool culture. Other causes for a diarrhea like for example inflammatory bowel disease have to be eliminated.
urogenital (chlamydia-triggered) ReA is defined as an arthritis, which occurs within 4 weeks after a symptomatic urogenital infection or an infection of the upper airways or if chlamydia can be clearly identified be serology or direct proof.
disease duration > 12 months
age 18 to 70 years
active arthritis in at least one joint
constant demand of NSAIDs
intensity of pain > 4 on a visual analogue scale (VAS; 0 to 10)
patients are allowed to have been treated with so-called conventional therapy (Sulphasalazine, Methotrexate etc.) or steroids i.a. before, but they have to be stopped 4 weeks before enrolled into the trial
able to self-administer s.c. injections or have a caregiver who will do so
women of child bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at study baseline and use an adequate, effective method of contraception (such as implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives, some IUDs, sexual abstinence, vasectomised partner) for a duration of 6 months after stop of therapy. Sexual active men must use an accepted method of contraception for a duration of 6 months after stop of therapy.
reading a normal chest/ lung x-ray, negative Mendel-Mantoux-skin test (10,0 TE) (both not older than 4 weeks). If Mendel-Mantoux-skin test is positive and / or there are hints for a healed up tuberculosis in the chest x-ray (latent tuberculosis) and the patient shall receive infliximab or etanercept an additional therapy with isoniazid 300 mg daily starting 4 weeks before first administration of infliximab or etanercept has to be given.
signed informed consent
female subjects who are pregnant or breast-feeding
previous treatment with cytokines or anti-cytokines (biological agents)
severe infections within the last 3 months
history of opportunistic infections within the last 2 months (herpes zoster, cytomegaly virus-, pneumocystis carinii-infection)
history of malignancy
receipt of any live (attenuated) vaccines within last 30 days before screening visit
previous diagnosis or signs of demyelinating diseases
history of uncontrolled diabetes, unstable ischemic heart disease, active inflammatory bowel disease, active peptic ulcer disease, recent stroke, ongoing congestive heart failure, and any other condition which, in the opinion of the investigator, would put the subject at risk by participation in the protocol.
history of cytopenia
laboratory exclusions are: hemoglobin level < 8,5 g/dl, white blood cell count < 3.5 x109/l, platelet count < 125 x 109 /l, creatinine level > 175 µmol/ liver enzymes > 1,5, alkaline phosphatase >2 times the upper limit of normal, Quick > 50.
clinical examination showing significant abnormalities of clinical relevance
participation in trials of other investigational medications within 30 days of entering the study
history or current evidence of abuse of ”hard” drugs (e.g. cocaine/heroine)
current medication with 7,5 mg or more Prednisolon daily