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Vaccine Therapy and Sargramostim After Rituximab in Treating Patients With Refractory or Progressive Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00071955
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 6, 2003
Last Update Posted : December 19, 2013
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies such as rituximab can locate cancer cells and either kill them or deliver cancer-killing substances to them without harming normal cells. Vaccines made from a person's cancer cells may make the body build an immune response to kill cancer cells. Colony-stimulating factors such as sargramostim may increase the number of immune cells found in bone marrow or peripheral blood.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of rituximab followed by vaccine therapy and sargramostim in treating patients who have refractory or progressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Lymphoma Biological: autologous immunoglobulin idiotype-KLH conjugate vaccine Biological: sargramostim Phase 2

Detailed Description:


  • Determine progression-free survival in patients with refractory or progressive follicular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma treated with immediate or delayed autologous immunoglobulin idiotype-KLH conjugate vaccine and sargramostim after rituximab (groups I and II).
  • Determine the immune response rate in patients treated with these regimens (groups I, II, and III).
  • Determine the safety and toxicity of these regimens in these patients (groups I, II, and III).

OUTLINE: This is an open-label, multicenter study for patients previously registered on and confirmed ineligible for randomization in protocol Genitope-G2000-03.

Patients receive rituximab IV weekly for 4 weeks.

  • Group I: The first 30 patients to achieve and maintain a partial response (PR) or better receive autologous immunoglobulin idiotype-KLH conjugate vaccine subcutaneously (SC) on day 1 and sargramostim SC on days 1-4 beginning 26 weeks after the last dose of rituximab. Treatment repeats every 2 weeks for 14 weeks (8 immunizations).
  • Group II: All subsequent patients who achieve a PR or better receive autologous immunoglobulin idiotype-KLH conjugate vaccine and sargramostim SC as in group I beginning 13 weeks after the last dose of rituximab.
  • Group III: Patients who are not eligible for group I or II and, in the investigator's opinion, are suitable candidates for immunization with autologous immunoglobulin idiotype-KLH conjugate vaccine and sargramostim SC receive the same treatment as groups I and II, beginning no more than 1 year after the last (fourth) dose of rituximab.

In all groups, treatment continues in the absence of unacceptable toxicity or emergence of an illness that may interfere with study assessments.

Patients are followed for initial response 8 weeks after completion of immunizations and then every 12 weeks for an additional year. Thereafter, all immunized patients will be followed every 6 months until receipt of first subsequent anti-lymphoma therapy.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: Up to 120 patients will be accrued for this study.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study to Evaluate Safety and Efficacy of Specific Immunotherapy, Recombinant Idiotype Conjugated to KLH and GM-CSF Following the Anti-CD20 Antibody, Rituximab, in Previously Treated Patients With Follicular Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
Study Start Date : March 2003
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2009

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Lymphoma

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival (PFS) in groups I and II and median PFS by Kaplan-Meier curves quarterly for 1 year and then twice a year after study completion

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Immune response rates in patients who received at least 4 immunizations by anti-idiotype antibody and anti-KLH antibody assays during every other immunization, last immunization, 2 and 8 weeks post immunization, and then quarterly for 1 year
  2. Clinical response in patients who received at least 1 immunization in groups I and II by modified Cheson criteria post-immunization and then every 6 months for 1 year
  3. Safety at the start of immunization, every 8 weeks during immunization, 2 and 8 weeks post immunization, and then quarterly for 1 year

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed follicular center cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma
  • Stage III or IV disease at time of entry on Genitope-G2000-03
  • At least 1 bidimensionally measurable lesion (1.5 cm X 1.5 cm) by radiography
  • Previously registered on and confirmed to be ineligible for randomization on Genitope-G2000-03 by failing to achieve or maintain a complete or partial response after chemotherapy by CT scans of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis (and neck if there was palpable disease)
  • Completed all 8 courses of chemotherapy (cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone [CVP]) per Genitope-G2000-03
  • No intervening therapy for lymphoma (i.e., antibody, corticosteroids, or cytotoxic) between CVP and study entry
  • No evidence of transformation (e.g., rapid tumor growth or increasing lactic dehydrogenase)
  • No CNS involvement



  • 18 and over

Performance status

  • ECOG 0-1

Life expectancy

  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 6 months after the last immunization series
  • HIV negative
  • No history of autoimmune disease or conditions requiring treatment with immunosuppressive agents, including corticosteroids
  • No other malignancy within the past 2 years except non-basal cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix


Biologic therapy

  • See Disease Characteristics


  • See Disease Characteristics

Endocrine therapy

  • See Disease Characteristics
  • At least 6 months since prior corticosteroids, including topical administration for any concurrent disease
  • No concurrent chronic (more than twice monthly) corticosteroids (including topical or inhaled)

    • Transient use (prior to CT scan) or optical solutions allowed


  • Prior radiotherapy to no more than 2 sites more than 13 weeks before rituximab is allowed


  • Not specified


  • No concurrent participation in other therapeutic clinical trials

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00071955

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United States, California
Stanford Cancer Center at Stanford University Medical Center
Stanford, California, United States, 94305-5151
United States, Illinois
Rush Cancer Institute at Rush University Medical Center
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
United States, Indiana
Indiana University Cancer Center
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
United States, Maryland
Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center at Johns Hopkins
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21231
United States, Massachusetts
Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center at Dana Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
United States, Missouri
Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, Nebraska
UNMC Eppley Cancer Center at the University of Nebraska Medical Center
Omaha, Nebraska, United States, 68198-7680
United States, New York
New York Weill Cornell Cancer Center at Cornell University
New York, New York, United States, 10021
United States, Oregon
Cancer Institute at Oregon Health and Science University
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97201-3098
Canada, Alberta
Cross Cancer Institute at University of Alberta
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G 1Z2
Canada, Ontario
Toronto Sunnybrook Regional Cancer Centre at Sunnybrook and Women's College Health Sciences Centre
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M4N 3M5
Sponsors and Collaborators
Genitope Corporation
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Study Chair: Martha Mayo, PharmD Genitope Corporation
Publications of Results:
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00071955    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000269810
First Posted: November 6, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: December 19, 2013
Last Verified: January 2006
Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
recurrent grade 1 follicular lymphoma
recurrent grade 2 follicular lymphoma
recurrent grade 3 follicular lymphoma
stage III grade 1 follicular lymphoma
stage III grade 2 follicular lymphoma
stage III grade 3 follicular lymphoma
stage IV grade 1 follicular lymphoma
stage IV grade 2 follicular lymphoma
stage IV grade 3 follicular lymphoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Immunoglobulins, Intravenous
Immunoglobulin Idiotypes
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs