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High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound in Treating Patients With Locally Recurrent Prostate Cancer

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI) Identifier:
First received: February 14, 2002
Last updated: July 9, 2013
Last verified: December 2008

RATIONALE: Highly focused ultrasound energy may be able to kill cancer cells by heating the tumor without affecting the surrounding tissue.

PURPOSE: This phase I trial is studying focused ultrasound energy to see how well it works in treating patients with locally recurrent prostate cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Prostate Cancer
Procedure: high-intensity focused ultrasound ablation
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Feasibility Study for Locally Recurrent Prostate Cancer Treatment With HIFU Using the SONABLATE System

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Estimated Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: October 2001
Study Completion Date: December 2008
Primary Completion Date: October 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:


  • Determine the ability of Sonablate to focus ultrasound waves for the purpose of selectively destroying prostate cancer tissue, with resultant drop in PSA levels to below 0.5 ng/mL and negative biopsy for cancer cells, in patients with locally recurrent prostate cancer.

OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to prior treatment failure (brachytherapy vs post-external beam radiotherapy).

A probe is inserted into the rectum. High-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) energy using the Sonablate system is delivered to the prostate tissue over approximately 2 hours. Patients with residual cancer lesion (by biopsy), PSA greater than 0.5 ng/mL or increasing PSA levels taken 2 months apart, visible prostate tissue on ultrasound, and no local or distant metastases after day 90 undergo retreatment with HIFU.

Patients are followed at 2, 14, 30, 90, and 180 days.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 20 patients (10 per stratum) will be accrued for this study.


Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 80 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically confirmed locally recurrent prostate cancer after prior brachytherapy or external-beam radiotherapy for initial diagnosis of organ-confined disease (clinical stage T1 or T2 only)

    • Prostatic fossa biopsy positive for cancer cells
  • Gleason score no greater than 7
  • PSA levels 0.5-10 ng/mL
  • Able to adequately visualize local recurrence on transrectal ultrasound imaging
  • No prostate calcification greater than 5 mm
  • No metastases by bone scan



  • 40 to 80

Performance status:

  • Not specified

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • No bleeding disorder as determined by abnormal PT and PTT


  • No active urinary tract infection
  • No history of urinary bladder neck contracture


  • No prior allergy to latex
  • No Anesthesia Surgical Assignment (ASA) category IV or greater
  • No interest in future fertility
  • No history of inflammatory bowel disease
  • No other concurrent major nonmalignant debilitating illness
  • No other prior or concurrent malignancy except skin cancer


Biologic therapy:

  • No prior biologic therapy for prostate cancer


  • No prior chemotherapy for prostate cancer

Endocrine therapy:

  • At least 3 months since prior hormonal therapy (including finasteride) for prostate cancer


  • See Disease Characteristics


  • See Disease Characteristics
  • No prior radical prostatectomy
  • No prior transurethral resection of prostate
  • No prior urethral stent
  • No prior major rectal surgery


  • No prior thermotherapy
  • No other prior therapy for prostate cancer
  • No concurrent warfarin or other anticoagulant
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00030277

United States, Indiana
Indiana University Cancer Center
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202-5289
United States, New York
Long Island College Hospital
Brooklyn, New York, United States, 11201
Sponsors and Collaborators
Focus Surgery
Study Chair: Michael O. Koch, MD Indiana University Melvin and Bren Simon Cancer Center
  More Information Identifier: NCT00030277     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: FOCUS-G000280
CDR0000069125 ( Registry Identifier: PDQ (Physician Data Query) )
Study First Received: February 14, 2002
Last Updated: July 9, 2013

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage I prostate cancer
stage IIB prostate cancer
stage IIA prostate cancer
recurrent prostate cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases processed this record on April 28, 2017