Working… Menu

Antibody Production in Immune Disorders

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00023504
Recruitment Status : Enrolling by invitation
First Posted : September 10, 2001
Last Update Posted : October 9, 2019
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) )

Brief Summary:

This study will evaluate immune function in people with a known or suspected immune disorder. It will determine participants immune response to vaccines by measuring blood antibody levels after vaccination.

Patients enrolled in a NIH protocol involving immune reconstitution (bone marrow transplantation or gene therapy) for a known or suspected primary immune disorder may be eligible for this study.

Participants may be asked to have more than one vaccine, based on their age, use of IVIG, past immunization history and underlying immune problem. The possible vaccinations include:

Rabies vaccine

Diphtheria and tetanus booster

23 valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine

Pneumococcal 7-valent conjugate vaccine

The diphtheria, tetanus, pneumococcus and rabies vaccines are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used routinely to protect against disease.

Study participants will have a blood sample drawn before vaccination. The number of additional samples collected will vary according to the vaccines administered; 1 for rabies; 1 for tetanus; and 1 to 2 for the pneumococcal vaccines. Each sample will be up to 5 teaspoonfuls. Participation in the study may last up to a year, depending on the blood sampling scheduling


Condition or disease
Immunologic Disease

Detailed Description:

The purpose of this study is to evaluate immune responses to vaccines in subjects (both children and adults) with known or suspected primary immune disorders. We intend to characterize immune responsiveness to standard, well characterized antigens (vaccines) in subjects with primary immune disorders, and/or in subjects who have received treatments to correct their primary immune disorders. This will be an open label, prospective study investigating the functional status of the adaptive immune system. Up to 50 subjects may be enrolled. It is anticipated that subjects will be referred by any investigators at NIH studying inherited disorders of the immune system under their own protocols.

After giving standard vaccines, we will test specific antibody. The vaccines include licensed and universally mandated diphtheria and tetanus toxoid, two licensed pneumococcal vaccine formulations recommended for protection of children from pneumonia, and rabies vaccine licensed in 1997 (not the formerly available reaction-prone formulation). We will obtain peripheral blood samples from subjects before vaccination and at a specific time intervals after vaccination. Measurement of specific antibody titers will be conducted by the immunology laboratory at the Department of Laboratory Medicin at the NIH. Subjects may be offered one or more of the vaccines based on available information about their exposure history and their immune status, and the vaccines may be offered sequentially or in combination to shorten study time.

While the vaccines used here are often medically indicated and given outside of research protocols both to provide protection and to assess immune responses, the investigators have elected to use a protocol for the following reasons:

  • Enhancement of subject understanding of the use of vaccines for in vivo assessment of immune responses.
  • Emphasis on the importance of obtaining pre- and post-immunization blood samples to monitor how well the body's immune system is working.
  • Administration of rabies vaccine to subjects who would not ordinarily need it.
  • Recognition that vaccine side effects have been widely publicized and may be of concern to potential enrollees.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Observational
Actual Enrollment : 21 participants
Official Title: Evaluation of Immune Response to Vaccines in Primary Immune Disorders
Study Start Date : September 5, 2001

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.

Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Individuals being evaluated by NIH investigators for known or suspected primary immune disorders.

Women of childbearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) for at least 21 days prior to receipt of each vaccine and for the duration of study participation.


Documented HIV infection.

Active malignancy.

Immunosuppressive therapy, other than steroids.

Symptomatic cardiac disease or ongoing treatment for it.

Pregnant or lactating women (due to restrictions on use of vaccines).

Surgery during the two weeks prior to entry.

Serious, ongoing, or uncontrolled infections.

Platelet count less than 40,000/microL or other coagulation disorder.

Any other major illness that, in the investigator's judgment, may substantially increase the risk associated with the patient's participation in this study.

History of previous systemic reaction to the particular vaccine product being considered for administration.

For RabAvert, persons known to be sensitive to:

  • Processed bovine gelatin
  • Chicken protein
  • Neomycin
  • Chlortetrycyline
  • Amphotericin B

For Prevnar, persons with know or possible latex sensitivity.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00023504

Layout table for location information
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Layout table for investigator information
Principal Investigator: Gulbu Uzel, M.D. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Additional Information:
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) Identifier: NCT00023504     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 010226
First Posted: September 10, 2001    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 9, 2019
Last Verified: January 11, 2019
Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) ( National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) ):
Pneumococcal Vaccines
Phi-X 174
Primary Immune Disorders
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs