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Treatment of SSRI-Resistant Depression In Adolescents (TORDIA) (TORDIA)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00018902
First Posted: July 12, 2001
Last Update Posted: March 12, 2014
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Information provided by:
University of Pittsburgh
  Purpose
The purpose of the study is to determine how best to treat adolescents with depression that is "resistant" to the first SSRI antidepressant they have tried. Participants receive one of three other antidepressant medications, either alone or in combination with cognitive behavioral therapy.

Condition Intervention Phase
Depression Drug: Fluoxetine Drug: Venlafaxine Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) Drug: Citalopram Phase 2 Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Treatment of SSRI-Resistant Depression in Adolescents (TORDIA)

Further study details as provided by University of Pittsburgh:

Enrollment: 334
Study Start Date: January 2001
Study Completion Date: March 2007
Primary Completion Date: March 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1
Participants whose depression does not respond to an initial SSRI will switch to an alternative SSRI.
Drug: Fluoxetine
Standard anti-depressant treatment with the SSRI fluoxetine
Other Name: Prozac
Drug: Citalopram
Standard anti-depressant treatment with the SSRI fluoxetine
Other Name: Celexa
Experimental: 2
Participants whose depression does not respond to an initial SSRI will switch to a different non-SSRI antidepressant.
Drug: Venlafaxine
Standard antidepressant treatment with the non-SSRI medication venlafaxine
Other Name: Effexor XR
Experimental: 3
Participants whose depression does not respond to an initial SSRI will switch to an alternative SSRI and receive cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).
Drug: Fluoxetine
Standard anti-depressant treatment with the SSRI fluoxetine
Other Name: Prozac
Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
CBT addresses maladaptive beliefs in order to encourage behavioral change
Drug: Citalopram
Standard anti-depressant treatment with the SSRI fluoxetine
Other Name: Celexa
Experimental: 4
Participants whose depression does not respond to an initial SSRI will switch to a different non-SSRI antidepressant and receive CBT.
Drug: Venlafaxine
Standard antidepressant treatment with the non-SSRI medication venlafaxine
Other Name: Effexor XR
Behavioral: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
CBT addresses maladaptive beliefs in order to encourage behavioral change

Detailed Description:
The TORDIA study aims to develop useful clinical guidelines for the care and management of adolescent depression. Adolescents ages 12 to 18, currently taking a prescribed selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) and still experiencing depression, participate in a 12-week randomized treatment study that includes one of four conditions: (1) switching to an alternative SSRI, (2) switching to a different non-SSRI antidepressant, (3) switching to an alternative SSRI and receiving cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), or (4) switching to a different non-SSRI antidepressant and receiving CBT. This is a double-blind study, which means that neither the participant nor the clinical staff will know which of the three possible medications has been assigned. Participants who respond to the assigned treatment will receive 12 additional weeks of the same treatment. Those who do not appear to be getting better will be offered 12 weeks of an alternative, individualized treatment plan based on each participant's particular needs. All participants will receive follow-up psychiatric evaluations for 12 months after the 12-week continuation phase of the study, regardless of treatment adherence.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years to 18 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • between the ages of 12 and 18 years 11 months
  • currently in treatment for depression
  • taking Prozac,Zoloft, Luvox, Lexapro, Celexa or Paxil (Oregon and Rhode Island sites only)
  • still feeling depressed
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00018902


Locations
United States, California
University of California at Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095-6967
United States, Oregon
Kaiser Permanente Center for Health Research
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97227-1098
United States, Pennsylvania
Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic of University of Pittsburgh Medical Center
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15213
United States, Rhode Island
Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island, United States, 02906
United States, Texas
University of Texas - Southwestern Medical Center
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75390-8589
University of Texas Medical Branch
Galveston, Texas, United States, 77555-0188
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Pittsburgh
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: David A. Brent, MD Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic (Data Coordinating Center)
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Brent D, Emslie G, Clarke G, Wagner KD, Asarnow JR, Keller M, Vitiello B, Ritz L, Iyengar S, Abebe K, Birmaher B, Ryan N, Kennard B, Hughes C, DeBar L, McCracken J, Strober M, Suddath R, Spirito A, Leonard H, Melhem N, Porta G, Onorato M, Zelazny J. Switching to another SSRI or to venlafaxine with or without cognitive behavioral therapy for adolescents with SSRI-resistant depression: the TORDIA randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2008 Feb 27;299(8):901-13. doi: 10.1001/jama.299.8.901.
Brent DA, Emslie GJ, Clarke GN, Asarnow J, Spirito A, Ritz L, Vitiello B, Iyengar S, Birmaher B, Ryan ND, Zelazny J, Onorato M, Kennard B, Mayes TL, Debar LL, McCracken JT, Strober M, Suddath R, Leonard H, Porta G, Keller MB. Predictors of spontaneous and systematically assessed suicidal adverse events in the treatment of SSRI-resistant depression in adolescents (TORDIA) study. Am J Psychiatry. 2009 Apr;166(4):418-26. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2008.08070976. Epub 2009 Feb 17.
Asarnow JR, Emslie G, Clarke G, Wagner KD, Spirito A, Vitiello B, Iyengar S, Shamseddeen W, Ritz L, Mccracken J, Strober M, Suddath R, Leonard H, Porta G, Keller M, Brent D. Treatment of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor-resistant depression in adolescents: predictors and moderators of treatment response. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2009 Mar;48(3):330-9. doi: 10.1097/CHI.0b013e3181977476.
Goldstein BI, Shamseddeen W, Spirito A, Emslie G, Clarke G, Wagner KD, Asarnow JR, Vitiello B, Ryan N, Birmaher B, Mayes T, Onorato M, Zelazny J, Brent DA. Substance use and the treatment of resistant depression in adolescents. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2009 Dec;48(12):1182-92. doi: 10.1097/CHI.0b013e3181bef6e8.
Spirito A, Abebe KZ, Iyengar S, Brent D, Vitiello B, Clarke G, Wagner KD, Asarnow J, Emslie G, Keller M. Sources of site differences in the efficacy of a multisite clinical trial: the Treatment of SSRI-Resistant Depression in Adolescents. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2009 Jun;77(3):439-50. doi: 10.1037/a0014834.
Kennard BD, Clarke GN, Weersing VR, Asarnow JR, Shamseddeen W, Porta G, Berk M, Hughes JL, Spirito A, Emslie GJ, Keller MB, Wagner KD, Brent DA. Effective components of TORDIA cognitive-behavioral therapy for adolescent depression: preliminary findings. J Consult Clin Psychol. 2009 Dec;77(6):1033-41. doi: 10.1037/a0017411.
Brent D, Melhem N, Ferrell R, Emslie G, Wagner KD, Ryan N, Vitiello B, Birmaher B, Mayes T, Zelazny J, Onorato M, Devlin B, Clarke G, DeBar L, Keller M. Association of FKBP5 polymorphisms with suicidal events in the Treatment of Resistant Depression in Adolescents (TORDIA) study. Am J Psychiatry. 2010 Feb;167(2):190-7. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2009.09040576. Epub 2009 Dec 15.
Emslie GJ, Mayes T, Porta G, Vitiello B, Clarke G, Wagner KD, Asarnow JR, Spirito A, Birmaher B, Ryan N, Kennard B, DeBar L, McCracken J, Strober M, Onorato M, Zelazny J, Keller M, Iyengar S, Brent D. Treatment of Resistant Depression in Adolescents (TORDIA): week 24 outcomes. Am J Psychiatry. 2010 Jul;167(7):782-91. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2010.09040552. Epub 2010 May 17.
Asarnow JR, Porta G, Spirito A, Emslie G, Clarke G, Wagner KD, Vitiello B, Keller M, Birmaher B, McCracken J, Mayes T, Berk M, Brent DA. Suicide attempts and nonsuicidal self-injury in the treatment of resistant depression in adolescents: findings from the TORDIA study. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2011 Aug;50(8):772-81. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2011.04.003. Epub 2011 Jun 11.
Sakolsky DJ, Perel JM, Emslie GJ, Clarke GN, Wagner KD, Vitiello B, Keller MB, Birmaher B, Asarnow JR, Ryan ND, McCracken JT, Strober MJ, Iyengar S, Porta G, Brent DA. Antidepressant exposure as a predictor of clinical outcomes in the Treatment of Resistant Depression in Adolescents (TORDIA) study. J Clin Psychopharmacol. 2011 Feb;31(1):92-7. doi: 10.1097/JCP.0b013e318204b117.
Shamseddeen W, Asarnow JR, Clarke G, Vitiello B, Wagner KD, Birmaher B, Keller MB, Emslie G, Iyengar S, Ryan ND, McCracken JT, Porta G, Mayes T, Brent DA. Impact of physical and sexual abuse on treatment response in the Treatment of Resistant Depression in Adolescent Study (TORDIA). J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2011 Mar;50(3):293-301. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2010.11.019. Epub 2011 Jan 14.
Vitiello B, Emslie G, Clarke G, Wagner KD, Asarnow JR, Keller MB, Birmaher B, Ryan ND, Kennard B, Mayes TL, DeBar L, Lynch F, Dickerson J, Strober M, Suddath R, McCracken JT, Spirito A, Onorato M, Zelazny J, Porta G, Iyengar S, Brent DA. Long-term outcome of adolescent depression initially resistant to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor treatment: a follow-up study of the TORDIA sample. J Clin Psychiatry. 2011 Mar;72(3):388-96. doi: 10.4088/JCP.09m05885blu.
Woldu H, Porta G, Goldstein T, Sakolsky D, Perel J, Emslie G, Mayes T, Clarke G, Ryan ND, Birmaher B, Wagner KD, Asarnow JR, Keller MB, Brent D. Pharmacokinetically and clinician-determined adherence to an antidepressant regimen and clinical outcome in the TORDIA trial. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2011 May;50(5):490-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2011.01.018. Epub 2011 Mar 9.
Maalouf FT, Porta G, Vitiello B, Emslie G, Mayes T, Clarke G, Wagner KD, Asarnow JR, Spirito A, Keller M, Birmaher B, Ryan N, Shamseddeen W, Iyengar S, Brent D. Do sub-syndromal manic symptoms influence outcome in treatment resistant depression in adolescents? A latent class analysis from the TORDIA study. J Affect Disord. 2012 Apr;138(1-2):86-95. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2011.12.021. Epub 2012 Jan 30.
Lynch FL, Dickerson JF, Clarke G, Vitiello B, Porta G, Wagner KD, Emslie G, Asarnow JR Jr, Keller MB, Birmaher B, Ryan ND, Kennard B, Mayes T, DeBar L, McCracken JT, Strober M, Suddath RL, Spirito A, Onorato M, Zelazny J, Iyengar S, Brent D. Incremental cost-effectiveness of combined therapy vs medication only for youth with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor-resistant depression: treatment of SSRI-resistant depression in adolescents trial findings. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2011 Mar;68(3):253-62. doi: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2011.9.
Shamseddeen W, Clarke G, Wagner KD, Ryan ND, Birmaher B, Emslie G, Asarnow JR, Porta G, Mayes T, Keller MB, Brent DA. Treatment-resistant depressed youth show a higher response rate if treatment ends during summer school break. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2011 Nov;50(11):1140-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2011.07.022. Epub 2011 Sep 9.
Shamseddeen W, Clarke G, Keller MB, Wagner KD, Birmaher B, Emslie GJ, Ryan N, Asarnow JR, Porta G, Brent DA. Adjunctive sleep medications and depression outcome in the treatment of serotonin-selective reuptake inhibitor resistant depression in adolescents study. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2012 Feb;22(1):29-36. doi: 10.1089/cap.2011.0027. Epub 2012 Jan 17.
McMakin DL, Olino TM, Porta G, Dietz LJ, Emslie G, Clarke G, Wagner KD, Asarnow JR, Ryan ND, Birmaher B, Shamseddeen W, Mayes T, Kennard B, Spirito A, Keller M, Lynch FL, Dickerson JF, Brent DA. Anhedonia predicts poorer recovery among youth with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor treatment-resistant depression. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2012 Apr;51(4):404-11. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2012.01.011. Epub 2012 Mar 3.
Rengasamy M, Mansoor BM, Hilton R, Porta G, He J, Emslie GJ, Mayes T, Clarke GN, Wagner KD, Keller MB, Ryan ND, Birmaher B, Shamseddeen W, Asarnow JR, Brent DA. The bi-directional relationship between parent-child conflict and treatment outcome in treatment-resistant adolescent depression. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2013 Apr;52(4):370-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2013.01.012.
Hilton RC, Rengasamy M, Mansoor B, He J, Mayes T, Emslie GJ, Porta G, Clarke GN, Wagner KD, Birmaher B, Keller MB, Ryan N, Shamseddeen W, Asarnow JR, Brent DA. Impact of treatments for depression on comorbid anxiety, attentional, and behavioral symptoms in adolescents with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor-resistant depression. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2013 May;52(5):482-92. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2013.02.013. Epub 2013 Apr 4.
Mansoor B, Rengasamy M, Hilton R, Porta G, He J, Spirito A, Emslie GJ, Mayes TL, Clarke G, Wagner KD, Shamseddeen W, Birmaher B, Ryan N, Brent D. The bidirectional relationship between body mass index and treatment outcome in adolescents with treatment-resistant depression. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2013 Sep;23(7):458-67. doi: 10.1089/cap.2012.0095. Epub 2013 Sep 11.
Brent DA, Holder D, Kolko D, Birmaher B, Baugher M, Roth C, Iyengar S, Johnson BA. A clinical psychotherapy trial for adolescent depression comparing cognitive, family, and supportive therapy. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1997 Sep;54(9):877-85.
Emslie GJ, Rush AJ, Weinberg WA, Kowatch RA, Hughes CW, Carmody T, Rintelmann J. A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of fluoxetine in children and adolescents with depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1997 Nov;54(11):1031-7.
Keller MB, Ryan ND, Birmaher B, Klein RG, Strober M, Wagner KD, Weller EB: Paroxetine and imipramine in the treatment of adolescent depression. New Research Program Abstracts. Annual Meeting of the American Psychiatric Association [123], 1998.
Wagner KD, Asarnow JR, Vitiello B, Clarke G, Keller M, Emslie GJ, Ryan N, Porta G, Iyengar S, Ritz L, Zelanzny J, Onorato M, Brent D. Out of the black box: treatment of resistant depression in adolescents and the antidepressant controversy. J Child Adolesc Psychopharmacol. 2012 Feb;22(1):5-10. doi: 10.1089/cap.2011.0045. Epub 2012 Jan 17.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: David A. Brent, MD, Western Psychiatric Institute and Clinic (Data Coordinating Center)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00018902     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: U01MH061835 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
TORDIA
DSIR B4-ARD
MH61835
First Submitted: July 10, 2001
First Posted: July 12, 2001
Last Update Posted: March 12, 2014
Last Verified: March 2014

Keywords provided by University of Pittsburgh:
Depressive Disorder
Adolescents
Teenagers
Teens
Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Depression
Depressive Disorder
Behavioral Symptoms
Mood Disorders
Mental Disorders
Antidepressive Agents
Fluoxetine
Venlafaxine Hydrochloride
Citalopram
Psychotropic Drugs
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Neurotransmitter Uptake Inhibitors
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Neurotransmitter Agents
Serotonin Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antidepressive Agents, Second-Generation
Cytochrome P-450 CYP2D6 Inhibitors
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Serotonin and Noradrenaline Reuptake Inhibitors


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