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Total-Body Irradiation Plus Stem Cell Transplantation And White Blood Cell Infusion in Treating Older Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00005801
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : April 12, 2004
Last Update Posted : November 18, 2013
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Colorado, Denver

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Peripheral stem cell transplantation may be able to replace immune cells that were destroyed by radiation therapy used to kill tumor cells. Infusions of donor white blood cells may decrease the body's rejection of the transplanted peripheral stem cells.

PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study the effectiveness of combining radiation therapy, peripheral stem cell transplantation, and donor white blood cell infusions in treating older patients who have acute myeloid leukemia.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia Biological: therapeutic allogeneic lymphocytes Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation Radiation: radiation therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine whether mixed or full donor chimerism can be safely established in older patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treated with nonmyeloablative conditioning comprised of low dose total body irradiation, followed by allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplantation, followed by unrelated donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI). II. Determine whether mixed chimerism can be safely converted to full donor chimerism in patients treated with DLI. III. Determine the potential efficacy of this regimen in AML patients who are in first remission.

OUTLINE: Conditioning: Patients undergo low dose total body irradiation followed by infusion of allogeneic peripheral blood stem cells (PBSC) on day 0. Donor lymphocyte infusions: Nonmobilized donor lymphocytes are harvested from the same HLA identical related donor on day 95 after PBSC transplantation. Eligible patients with mixed chimerism and no graft versus host disease (GVHD) receive the first donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) on the same day that donor lymphocytes are collected. Patients who continue to have mixed chimerism and no GVHD receive the second DLI at a higher dose level on day 65 after the first DLI. Patients are followed weekly until day 90, and then monthly thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 40 patients will be accrued for this study within 2 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of Allografting to Establish Mixed or Full Donor Chimerism as Consolidative Immunotherapy for Older Patients With AML in Complete Remission Using Low Dose TBI, PBSC Infusion and Post-Transplant Immunosuppression With Cyclosporine and Mycophenolate Mofetil
Study Start Date : November 1999
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2001
Actual Study Completion Date : September 2001

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   55 Years to 74 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (de novo or secondary, FAB M1, M2 and M4-7) Must be within 6 months of diagnosis Achieved a chemotherapy induced first complete remission (CR) Received 1 or more courses of consolidation chemotherapy OR AML in second or greater CR Patients with a documented first or subsequent CR may proceed to transplantation if: No morphologic diagnosis of AML or myelodysplastic syndrome Absolute neutrophil count greater than 1,000/mm3 and platelet count greater than 50,000/mm3 after any consolidation chemotherapy Availability of an HLA identical related peripheral blood stem cell donor No syngeneic donor No active CNS leukemia

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Over 55 to under 75 Performance status: Karnofsky 70-100% Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: See Disease Characteristics Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 2 times upper limit of normal (ULN) ALT and AST less than 4 times ULN Renal: Creatinine clearance at least 50 mL/min Cardiovascular: Cardiac ejection fraction at least 40% No poorly controlled hypertension Pulmonary: No severe defects in pulmonary function testing No requirement for supplementary continuous oxygen

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: See Disease Characteristics

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00005801

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United States, Colorado
University of Colorado Cancer Center
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80262
United States, Washington
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98109
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Colorado, Denver
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
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Study Chair: Peter McSweeney, MD University of Colorado, Denver
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: University of Colorado, Denver Identifier: NCT00005801    
Other Study ID Numbers: 00-0119
First Posted: April 12, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: November 18, 2013
Last Verified: September 2001
Keywords provided by University of Colorado, Denver:
adult acute myeloid leukemia in remission
adult acute erythroid leukemia (M6)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation (M2)
adult acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4)
adult acute monoblastic leukemia (M5a)
adult acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (M7)
adult acute monocytic leukemia (M5b)
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Neoplasms by Histologic Type