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Chemotherapy Plus Surgery in Treating Patients With Stage III or Stage IV Ovarian, Peritoneal, or Fallopian Tube Cancer

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003636
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 27, 2003
Last Update Posted : August 5, 2015
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Combining surgery with chemotherapy may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known whether chemotherapy before surgery is more effective than chemotherapy after surgery in treating ovarian, peritoneal, or fallopian tube cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying chemotherapy given before surgery to see how well it works compared to chemotherapy given after surgery with or without additional surgery in treating patients with stage III or stage IV ovarian cancer, peritoneal cancer, or fallopian tube cancer.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Fallopian Tube Cancer Ovarian Cancer Primary Peritoneal Cavity Cancer Drug: carboplatin Drug: cisplatin Procedure: conventional surgery Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy Phase 3

Detailed Description:


  • Compare the overall survival and progression-free survival in patients with stage IIIC or IV ovarian epithelial, peritoneal, or fallopian tube carcinoma treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by interval debulking surgery versus upfront cytoreductive surgery followed by chemotherapy with or without interval debulking surgery.
  • Compare the quality of life of patients treated with these regimens.
  • Compare the different treatment complications in patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to participating center, method of biopsy, stage, largest tumor size before surgery, and intent to also randomize on EORTC-55012. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients undergo upfront maximal cytoreductive surgery followed by cisplatin or carboplatin IV every 3 weeks for 3 courses. Patients with non-optimal primary debulking may undergo interval debulking surgery at the physician's discretion. All patients then receive an additional 3 courses of the same regimen of chemotherapy.
  • Arm II: Patients receive chemotherapy as in arm I. Patients with stable or responding disease undergo interval debulking surgery followed by an additional 3 courses of the same regimen of chemotherapy.

Second-look surgery is allowed for both arms if clinically indicated.

Quality of life (QOL) is assessed prior to treatment, after the third and sixth course of chemotherapy, and at 6 and 12 months after study. Patients who are also randomized on EORTC-55012 follow the QOL assessment schedule for EORTC-55012 only.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 704 patients will be accrued for this study within 4 years.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 704 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Phase III Study Comparing Upfront Debulking Surgery Versus Neo-Adjuvant Chemotherapy in Patients With Stage IIIC or IV Epithelial Ovarian Carcinoma
Study Start Date : September 1998
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2009

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall survival as measured by Kaplan Meier every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Progression-free survival as measured by Kaplan Meier and RECIST every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 3 years, and then annually
  2. Health-related quality of life as measured by Quality of Life Questionnaire-C30 after courses 1, 3 and 6, then at 6 and 12 months
  3. Toxicity as measured by NCIC Common Toxicity Criteria v2.0 within 4 weeks of surgery

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Older Adult
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No


  • Histologically proven stage IIIC or IV ovarian epithelial carcinoma, peritoneal carcinoma, or fallopian tube carcinoma

    • If biopsy is not available, evidence of adenocarcinoma by fine needle aspiration allowed if all of the following are true:

      • Presence of pelvic ovarian mass
      • Omental cake or other metastasis larger than 2 cm in the upper abdomen and/or regional lymph node metastasis
      • CA 125/carcinoembryonic antigen ratio greater than 25 (if ratio less than 25, barium enema or colonoscopy AND gastroscopy or radiological examination of the stomach must be negative for primary tumor)
      • Normal mammography (if CA 125/carcinoembryonic antigen ratio less than 25)
  • Tumor greater than 2 cm, excluding ovaries, on laparoscopy or CT scan
  • No brain or leptomeningeal metastases



  • Not specified

Performance status:

  • WHO 0-2

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified


  • WBC greater than 3,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm^3


  • Bilirubin less than 1.25 times upper limit of normal (ULN)


  • Creatinine less than 1.25 times ULN


  • No other serious disabling diseases contraindicating primary cytoreductive surgery or primary platin-based chemotherapy
  • No other prior primary malignancies except carcinoma in situ of the cervix or basal cell carcinoma of the skin
  • No psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition potentially preventing protocol compliance or follow-up


Biologic therapy

  • Not specified


  • Not specified

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified


  • Not specified


  • No other prior procedures except diagnostic biopsy by laparotomy or laparoscopy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00003636

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Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
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Study Chair: Ignace B. Vergote, MD, PhD U.Z. Gasthuisberg, Leuven
Publications of Results:
Other Publications:
Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00003636    
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-55971
First Posted: January 27, 2003    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 5, 2015
Last Verified: August 2013
Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
stage III ovarian epithelial cancer
stage IV ovarian epithelial cancer
fallopian tube cancer
primary peritoneal cavity cancer
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Fallopian Tube Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Adnexal Diseases
Genital Neoplasms, Female
Urogenital Neoplasms
Fallopian Tube Diseases
Antineoplastic Agents