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Chemotherapy in Treating Young Patients With Recurrent or Refractory Meningeal Leukemia, Lymphoma, or Solid Tumors

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00003073
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified April 2002 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : February 6, 2004
Last Update Posted : March 23, 2010
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of liposomal cytarabine in treating young patients who have recurrent or refractory meningeal leukemia, lymphoma, or solid tumors.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Leukemia Lymphoma Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific Drug: liposomal cytarabine Phase 1

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the qualitative or quantitative toxic effects and tolerability of liposomal cytarabine (Depofoam encapsulated cytarabine; DTC 101) in pediatric patients with recurrent or refractory meningeal malignancies. II. Define a safe dose of DTC 101 in these patients for future clinical studies. III. Determine the plasma and CSF pharmacokinetics of DTC 101 in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a dose escalation, multicenter study. Patients are placed in one of three age-related strata: stratum 1, 3 to 21 years of age; stratum 2, at least 2 but less than 3 years of age; stratum 3, at least 1 but less than 2 years of age. Patients receive an induction dose of intrathecal liposomal cytarabine (Depofoam encapsulated cytarabine; DTC 101) administered once every 2 weeks for 2 courses. Patients who have achieved a partial response or received significant clinical benefit with stable disease may receive a third induction dose of DTC 101, 2 weeks following the second dose. In the absence of progressive disease, patients can proceed to consolidation therapy. During consolidation therapy, intrathecal DTC 101 is administered once every 4 weeks for 2 courses, beginning 4 weeks after the last induction dose. Patients experiencing a complete or significant response can proceed to maintenance therapy. Patients receive a maintenance dose of intrathecal DTC 101 once every 8 weeks for a total of 6 doses, beginning 4 weeks after the second consolidation dose. At least 3 patients are evaluated at each dose level. Dose escalation to the next level proceeds when a minimum of 3 patients per cohort has successfully completed induction therapy and been evaluated. Patients will be followed at 1, 2, 3, 6, 9, and 12 months post treatment, until relapse or death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A minimum of 12-15 patients will be accrued for each stratum over 18 to 24 months.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 15 participants
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Dose Escalation Study of Intrathecal DepoFoam Encapsulated Cytarabine (DTC 101) in Pediatric Patients With Advanced Meningeal Malignancies
Study Start Date : February 1997

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   1 Year to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven recurrent or refractory leukemia, lymphoma, or other solid tumor that has overt meningeal involvement Definition of meningeal disease: Leukemia/lymphoma: CSF cell count at least 5/mm3 and evidence of blast cells on cytospin preparation or cytology Solid tumors: Presence of tumor cells on cytospin preparation or cytology OR evidence of meningeal disease on CT or MRI scan No bone marrow disease

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 1 to 21 Performance Status: ECOG 0-2 Life Expectancy: At least 8 weeks Hematopoietic: Platelet count greater than 40,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL ALT less than 5 times upper limit of normal Renal: Creatinine less than 1.5 mg/dL Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Effective contraceptive method used by fertile patients No uncontrolled illness or infection (except for HIV positive patients) No obstructive hydrocephalus or compartmentalization of the CSF flow

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: No acute toxic effects from prior immunotherapy No prior allogeneic or autologous bone marrow transplantations within 3 months of study Chemotherapy: No prior systemic CNS directed chemotherapy within 3 weeks of study No prior nitrosourea within 6 weeks of study No prior intrathecal chemotherapy within 1 week of study No acute toxic effects from prior chemotherapy No prior DTC 101 Concurrent systemic chemotherapy for management of primary cancer allowed Concurrent dexamethasone with systemic chemotherapy regimen allowed No concurrent chemotherapy for leptomeningeal disease No concurrent high dose methotrexate, high dose cytarabine, mercaptopurine, thiotepa, fluorouracil, and topotecan Endocrine therapy: Concurrent prednisone therapy with systemic chemotherapy allowed Radiotherapy: No prior craniospinal irradiation within 8 weeks of study No acute toxic effects from prior radiotherapy Concurrent local radiation therapy allowed No concurrent whole brain or craniospinal radiotherapy Surgery: Not specified Other: At least 2 weeks since investigational drugs and recovered No other concurrent investigational drugs Concurrent antibiotic therapy allowed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00003073

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United States, California
Children's Hospital Los Angeles
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90027-0700
Stanford University Medical Center
Stanford, California, United States, 94305-5408
United States, Texas
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75235-8897
Texas Children's Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030-2399
United States, Washington
Children's Hospital and Regional Medical Center - Seattle
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98105
Canada, Alberta
Alberta Children's Hospital
Calgary, Alberta, Canada, T2T 5C7
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pacira Pharmaceuticals, Inc
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Study Chair: John E. Gait, MD Pacira Pharmaceuticals, Inc
Layout table for additonal information Identifier: NCT00003073    
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000065754
First Posted: February 6, 2004    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 23, 2010
Last Verified: April 2002
Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
recurrent childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
recurrent childhood lymphoblastic lymphoma
recurrent childhood acute myeloid leukemia
childhood diffuse large cell lymphoma
childhood immunoblastic large cell lymphoma
unspecified childhood solid tumor, protocol specific
recurrent/refractory childhood Hodgkin lymphoma
leptomeningeal metastases
recurrent childhood small noncleaved cell lymphoma
recurrent childhood large cell lymphoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Lymphatic Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Immune System Diseases
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs