Relationship of Tenofovir With HIV-1 Suppression in ex Vivo Tissue in Adolescents

This study is not yet open for participant recruitment. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified May 2014 by University of California, Los Angeles
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kattayoun Kordy, MD, University of California, Los Angeles
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT02134431
First received: May 2, 2014
Last updated: May 8, 2014
Last verified: May 2014
  Purpose

Microbicides are topical medicines that can prevent infection by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). Microbicide medicine has yet to be studied in adolescents, a key group that is becoming infected with HIV all over the world. From past research, we know that at different ages people experience age-related changes in their bodies that can cause differences in how they process medications. In this study, gut tissue samples (or gut biopsies) from 12 HIV-negative volunteers will be collected. These pieces of tissue will be infected with HIV in the laboratory to develop a model that can be used to test certain drugs against the HIV infection. We can use this tissue to test a drug called tenofovir against HIV infection. We will determine whether this drug can decrease HIV infection in the gut biopsies. In this study, we will also measure HIV levels and the levels of tenofovir in gut and blood samples in 12 people who are already taking this drug. This information can determine whether levels of drug found in the gut can protect it from HIV. The results can be compared to other age groups of adolescents and adults. Subjects will undergo a common procedure called a lower endoscopy (this can be a colonoscopy or a flexible sigmoidoscopy) to obtain gut biopsy samples.

The central hypothesis is that tissue drug profiles of tenofovir (TFV) and its active component, tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), and tissue infectibility vary between younger (10-14 years old) versus older adolescents (18-21 years old), and that both differ from adults (>21 years). Specifically, younger HIV positive adolescents will have lower levels of tissue tenofovir compared to older HIV positive adolescents and adults in an age-dependent manner. Additionally, biopsies from younger HIV negative adolescents will have: 1) higher rates of infection compared to biopsies from older HIV negative adolescents infected with a lower dose of virus; and 2) lower percent suppression of tissue infectivity compared to biopsies from older HIV negative adolescents using low dose tenofovir.


Condition Intervention Phase
Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Device: flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy with biopsies
Phase 1

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: Dose-response Relationship of Tenofovir With HIV-1 Suppression in ex Vivo Model of Tissue Infectibility in Adolescents

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of California, Los Angeles:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Measure Cmax of tenofovir (TFV) in plasma (ng/ml) & tissue (ng/mg), tenofovir-diphosphate (TFV-DP) in tissue (fmol/mg) and PBMC (fmol/million), HIV quantified PCR (copies/ml) from tissue & plasma. [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Quantification of TFV and TFV-DP drug concentrations by LC-MS/MS (Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry), and HIV-1 viral load in colorectal biopsies, plasma, and peripheral blood mononucleated cell (PBMC) of HIV positive adolescents.

    Measure TFV in plasma (ng/ml) and tissue (ng/mg). Measure TFV-DP in tissue (fmol/mg) and PBMC (fmol/million). Measure HIV quantified PCR (copies/ml) from colorectal biopsy tissues and plasma.


  • establish ex vivo infectibility assay as measured by HIV-1 p24 (pg/ml) in HIV-negative biopsies infected with R5 HIV-1BaL low 10^2 TCID50 or high 10^4 TCID50 concentration [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    After infecting gut biopsy samples ex vivo from HIV negative subjects with either low (10^2 TCID50 ) or high (10^4 TCID50) titer of R5 HIV-BaL), supernatants will collected every 3-4 days for HIV-1 p24 (pg/ml) quantification by ELISA. This quantification will assess viral replication in biopsy tissues.

  • Assess differences in percent suppression of tissue infectivity (measured by HIV-1 p24 (pg/ml)) in biopsies from younger vs older adolescents pretreated with low dose tenofovir. [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Mucosal biopsies will be pretreated with low-dose tenofovir ex vivo. Pretreated biopsies will then be infected with either 10^2 TCID50 or 10^4 TCID50 R5 HIV-1BaL. Supernatants will be collected every 3-4 days over a 14 day period for HIV-1 p24 (pg/ml) by ELISA. Percent suppression of tissue infectivity in biopsies will be assessed and compared between age groups.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Measures of tenofovir drug efficacy predicting drug levels (tissue TFV ng/mg, TFV-DP fmol/mg) necessary to suppress 50%, 90%, 95% of biopsy HIV-1 p24 (pg/ml) (EC50,90,95) will be calculated by interpolation of the dose response curve. [ Time Frame: 1 year ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 24
Study Start Date: May 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: May 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
HIV positive
HIV-positive subjects ages 10-14 years old and 18-21 years old taking tenofovir in their antiretroviral regimen.HIV positive subjects will undergo lower endoscopy (specifically either flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy) with biopsies to obtain colorectal tissue samples. HIV-1 levels and tenofovir levels in tissue will be measured.
Device: flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy with biopsies
Lower endoscopy with biopsies (specifically either colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy) in both HIV-positive subjects already on oral tenofovir , as well as HIV negative subjects. Biopsies will be taken to laboratory for quantification of HIV-1 and drug levels of tenofovir.
HIV negative
HIV-negative subjects ages 10-14 years old and 18-21 years old. HIV negative subjects will undergo lower endoscopy (specifically either flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy) with biopsies to obtain colorectal tissue samples. These tissue samples will be pretreated with tenofovir and challenged with laboratory HIV-1.
Device: flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy with biopsies
Lower endoscopy with biopsies (specifically either colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy) in both HIV-positive subjects already on oral tenofovir , as well as HIV negative subjects. Biopsies will be taken to laboratory for quantification of HIV-1 and drug levels of tenofovir.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   10 Years to 21 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population

HIV positive adolescents already taking tenofovir in their antiretroviral regimen. Must be 10-14 years (n=6) and 18-21 years (n=6). HIV negative adolescents who are otherwise healthy ages10-14 years (n=6) and 18-21 years (n=6). Recruitment will be voluntary from the city/community and outpatient clinics.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Age >/= 10 years and </= 14 years and age </= 18 years and </= 21 years.
  2. Willing and able to communicate in English.
  3. Willing and able to provide written informed consent or assent to take part in the study (where required, parent/guardian must provide consent).
  4. Willing and able to provide adequate information for locator purposes.
  5. Understand and agree to local sexually transmitted infections (STI) reporting requirements.
  6. HIV-negative or -positive as documented in prior serologic testing or per report, and willing to undergo repeat HIV testing.
  7. Willing and able to not take aspirin, any aspirin containing medications, or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for at least 72 hours before and 72 hours after flexible sigmoidoscopy.
  8. All female patients of childbearing potential (post-menarche) must be willing to undergo urine pregnancy testing at screening.
  9. Must be in general good health, including normal renal function.
  10. Subjects <18 years old must be scheduled for a clinically indicated colonoscopy or flexible sigmoidoscopy with biopsies.
  11. HIV-positive participants only (Aim 1):

    • Must have recent HIV polymerase chain reaction (PCR) documented in the last 6-12 months by verbal report
    • Must have tenofovir in chronic cART regimen (>/= 1 month).
    • Be reportedly compliant.
    • CD4 T cells >250/cmm

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Known history of inflammatory bowel disease.
  2. Abnormalities of the colorectal mucosa, or significant colorectal symptom(s) which in the opinion of the clinician represents a contraindication to biopsy (including but not limited to presence of any unresolved injury, inflammatory condition of the local mucosa, and presence of symptomatic external hemorrhoids).
  3. Evidence of any known enteric infection at the time of study visit.
  4. Participant-reported symptoms and/or clinical or laboratory diagnosis of active and symptomatic rectal infection (gonorrhea, Chlamydia, syphilis, clinically active perineal HSV).

    • Note: Allow one re-screening after documented treatment (30 days) in cases of gonorrhea/chlamydia (GC/CT) identified at screening.
  5. Pregnancy.
  6. Subjects with other poorly controlled medical conditions (e.g. diabetes, congestive heart failure).
  7. Chronic renal disease (BUN and serum creatinine >1.5 times the upper normal limit).
  8. History or presence of impaired gastrointestinal motility, or history of extensive small bowel resection (greater than half the length of the small intestine).
  9. Use of warfarin or heparin.
  10. Use of systemic immunomodulatory medications within 4 weeks of screening.
  11. Use of any investigational products within 4 weeks of screening.
  12. Fever at time of endoscopy. Subjects can be re-scheduled at a later point after the fever is resolved.
  13. Any other clinical condition or prior therapy that, in the opinion of the investigator, would make the patient unsuitable for the study or unable to comply with the study requirements. Such conditions may include, but are not limited to, current or recent history of sever, progressive, or uncontrolled renal, hepatic, hematological, gastrointestinal, endocrine, pulmonary, neurological, or cerebral disease.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02134431

Contacts
Contact: Kathy Kordy, MD (310) 794-7195 kkordy@mednet.ucla.edu
Contact: Stephanie Okimoto, BA, CCRC (310) 267-1040 sokimoto@mednet.ucla.edu

Locations
United States, California
UCLA Clinical and Translational Research Center (CTRC)
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of California, Los Angeles
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Sue McDiarmid, MD University of California, Los Angeles, Departments of Pediatrics and Surgery
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Kattayoun Kordy, MD, Fellow, Deparment of Pediatrics, Divison of Gastroenteroloy, University of California, Los Angeles
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02134431     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: UL1TR000124-1955
Study First Received: May 2, 2014
Last Updated: May 8, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by University of California, Los Angeles:
HIV
tenofovir
miocrobicide
endoscopy (colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy)
adolescents
pediatrics

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Slow Virus Diseases
Virus Diseases
Tenofovir
Tenofovir disoproxil
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Pharmacologic Actions
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 22, 2014