NovoTTF Therapy in Treating Patients With Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme

This study is currently recruiting participants. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified May 2014 by Washington University School of Medicine
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Washington University School of Medicine Identifier:
First received: September 24, 2013
Last updated: May 7, 2014
Last verified: May 2014

This pilot phase II trial studies how well Novocure's Tumor Treating Electric Fields (NovoTTF) therapy works in treating patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme. NovoTTF therapy uses a low intensity electric current to kill tumor cells. NovoTTF therapy may be effective treatment for brain cancer.

Condition Intervention Phase
Brain Neoplasms
Procedure: electric field therapy
Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
Genetic: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of the NovoTTF-100A System, Enhanced by Genomic Analysis to Identify the Genetic Signature of Response in the Treatment of Recurrent Glioblastoma Multiforme

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Washington University School of Medicine:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • ORR (CR + PR + SD) (bevacizumab-naive) [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessed using Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO). A Fisher's exact test with two-sided 0.05 and 80% power will be used.

  • ORR (CR + PR + SD) (bevacizumab-refractory) [ Time Frame: 4 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessed using RANO. A Fisher's exact test with two-sided 0.05 and 80% power will be used.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Genetic signature of response (CR + PR + SD) [ Time Frame: up to 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Genetic signature of response (CR + PR) and SD [ Time Frame: Up to 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Progression-free survival in bevacizumab-naïve and bevacizumab-refractory glioblastoma patients [ Time Frame: Assessed up to 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Defined as start of treatment to time of progression or death, whichever occurs first. Will be estimated by Kaplan-Meier curves.

  • Quality of Life [ Time Frame: Up to 30 days post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Assessed using the Karnofsky performance status and the mini-mental state examination.

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: October 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: May 2018
Estimated Primary Completion Date: May 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Treatment (NovoTTF therapy)
Patients undergo NovoTFF therapy at least 18 hours daily for 6 months (bevacizumab-naive) or 4 months (bevacizumab-refractory). Treatment may continue for up to 2 years in patients experiencing CR, PR, or SD.
Procedure: electric field therapy
Undergo NovoTTF therapy
Procedure: quality-of-life assessment
Ancillary studies
Genetic: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative study


Ages Eligible for Study:   22 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed GBM (WHO grade IV); rare GBM variants (e.g. gliosarcoma, giant cell GBM, small cell GBM, GBM with oligodendroglioma features, GBM with PNET features) are allowed. Patients will be eligible if the original histology was low-grade glioma and a subsequent histological diagnosis of GBM is made.
  • Received radiotherapy of at least 45 Gy and temozolomide chemotherapy as initial treatment for GBM.
  • Unequivocal evidence of recurrent or progressive GBM before or after bevacizumab treatment first based on radiographic appearances then confirmed by histologic confirmation through biopsy or resection.
  • Prior treatment with Gliadel wafer is allowed if it has been at least 3 months from placement.
  • There must be an interval of at least 12 weeks from the completion of radiotherapy to start of device treatment. When the interval is less than 12 weeks from the completion of radiotherapy, the histological confirmation of progression must be unequivocal per RANO criteria. The use of PET scan, perfusion imaging, and MRspectroscopy to differentiate between true early progression and pseudoprogression prior to biopsy or resection of probable recurrent tumor is per standard of care.
  • At least 22 years of age.
  • Karnofsky performance status of at least 60%.
  • Life expectancy of at least 3 months.
  • Planned biopsy or resection of recurrent tumor for therapeutic and/or diagnostic purpose, and with adequate bone marrow, hepatic, cardiac, and renal function to undergo this planned procedure.
  • For patients who have undergone or will undergo stereotactic biopsy of recurrent or progressive tumor, a post-operative MRI is not required, provided that the pre-biopsy MRI is within 21 days of registration. If the preoperative scan is more than 21 days before registration, the scan needs to be repeated. If the steroid dose is increased more than 50% between the date of biopsy and registration, a new baseline MRI is required on a stable or decreasing steroid dosage for at least 3 days even if the previous MRI was within 21 days of registration.
  • For patients who have undergone or will undergo open resection of recurrent or progressive tumor, residual disease following resection is not mandated for eligibility into the study. To best assess the extent of residual disease post-resection, a MRI scan should be done no later than 96 hours in the immediate post-resection period and within 21 days prior to registration. If the 96-hour scan is more than 21 days before registration, the scan needs to be repeated. If the steroid dose is increased more than 50% between the date of imaging and registration, a new baseline MRI is required on a stable or decreasing steroid dosage for at least 3 days.
  • Planned treatment with NovoTTF Therapy alone per FDA-approved indication. NovoTTF Therapy must start within 14 days of registration, but not less than 7 days or more than 21 days from stereotactic biopsy (if applicable) and not less than 21 days or more than 42 days from open resection (if applicable).
  • Availability of tissue from the initial diagnosis and the recurrent tumor that is estimated to be of sufficient quality and quantity for both genomic DNA and total RNA isolation; preferably some of the tissue would be snap frozen for high quality RNA preparation.
  • Because the genetic analyses described in Section 8.0 will be performed under HRPO# 201111001 ("Analysis of Histological, Genomic, Molecular, and Clinical Factors in CNS Cancer: the Neuro-Oncology Group"), patients enrolling in this trial must also enroll in HRPO# 201111001.
  • Recovery from the toxic effects of prior therapy to not more than grade 1 or >3 weeks from prior therapy to registration, whichever is later.
  • Patients must agree to forgo any other treatments, including but not limited to cytotoxic or biologic chemotherapies, that are intended to treat the recurrent GBM while receiving treatment with NovoTTF Therapy.
  • Participants of childbearing age must use effective contraception.
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign an IRB approved written informed consent document.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any other malignancy that required active chemotherapy within the previous 12 months prior to registration and the disease is not currently progressing and/or metastatic. The exception is basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, which were treated with local resection only or carcinoma in situ of the cervix.
  • Unable to undergo brain MRI due to medical or personal reasons.
  • Bevacizumab-naïve patients: These patients may not have more than one prior relapse and may not have received more than one prior chemotherapy regimen, which must include temozolomide.
  • Bevacizumab-refractory patients: These patients may not have more than 2 prior relapses and may not have received more than 2 prior chemotherapy regimens, which must include temozolomide and bevacizumab.
  • If the patient had a surgical resection for relapsed disease and no anti-cancer therapy was instituted for up to 12 weeks, and the patient undergoes another surgical resection, this is considered one relapse. For patients who had prior therapy for a low-grade glioma, the surgical diagnosis of the recurrent tumor as GBM will be considered the first relapse.
  • Currently receiving any other investigational agents that are intended as treatments of recurrent GBM.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, recent heart attack within the previous 12 months or severe heart problems, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding.
  • Implanted pacemaker, programmable shunts, defibrillator, deep brain stimulator, vagus nerve stimulator, and other implanted electronic devices in the brain or the spinal cord.
  • Infra-tentorial tumor.
  • History of hypersensitivity to hydrogel.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01954576

Contact: David Tran, M.D., Ph.D. 314-362-8967

United States, Missouri
Washington University School of Medicine Recruiting
St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
Contact: David Tran, M.D., Ph.D.    314-362-8967   
Sub-Investigator: Eric Leuthardt, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Joshua Shimony, M.D., Ph.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Michael Chicoine, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Albert Kim, Ph.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Ralph Dacey, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Joshua Dowling, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Gerald Linette, M.D., Ph.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Gregory Zipfel, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Jeffrey Leonard, M.D., Ph.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Keith Rich, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Clifford Robinson, M.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Joseph Simpson, M.D., Ph.D.         
Sub-Investigator: Jiayi Huang, M.D.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Washington University School of Medicine
Principal Investigator: David Tran, M.D., Ph.D. Washington University School of Medicine
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Washington University School of Medicine Identifier: NCT01954576     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 201306042
Study First Received: September 24, 2013
Last Updated: May 7, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Brain Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Nervous System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases processed this record on September 18, 2014