Sustainable HIV Risk Reduction Strategies for CJ Systems (DRR)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Wayne Lehman, Texas Christian University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01900210
First received: July 2, 2013
Last updated: July 11, 2013
Last verified: July 2013
  Purpose

The purpose of the Texas Christian University (TCU) Disease Risk Reduction (DRR) Project is to develop and test an intervention designed to increase positive decision-making skills among offenders for healthy living, including skills for making decisions for reducing disease risk behaviors, particularly those involving HIV and Hepatitis B & C. This project focuses on the critical transition time between incarceration and return to the community.


Condition Intervention
HIV Risk Behaviors
Behavioral: WaySafe

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Sustainable Disease Risk Reduction Strategies for CJ Systems

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Texas Christian University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • HIV Knowledge Confidence (change from pre-test to post-test) [ Time Frame: One week prior to the intervention start (for both experiemental and control arms) and one week after the intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    13 item scale comprised of items assessing knowledge, confidence and motivation regarding HIV knowledge (alpha = .89. Responses on a 5-point "strongly disagree" to "strongly agree" scale. Sample item -- "You should know enough to teach others what they should do if they have been exposed to HIV."

  • Avoiding Risky Sex (change from pre-test to post-test) [ Time Frame: One week prior to the intervention start (for both experiemental and control arms) and one week after the intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    13 item scale comprised of items assessing knowledge, confidence and motivation regarding avoiding risky sex behaviors (alpha = .91. Responses on a 5-point "strongly disagree" to "strongly agree" scale. Sample item -- "You have learned to think ahead in order to make less risky decisions about sex."

  • Avoiding Risky Drug Use (change from pre-test to post-test) [ Time Frame: One week prior to the intervention start (for both experiemental and control arms) and one week after the intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    12 item scale comprised of items assessing knowledge, confidence and motivation regarding avoiding risky drug use behaviors (alpha = .85. Responses on a 5-point "strongly disagree" to "strongly agree" scale. Sample item -- "If you decide to inject drugs, you will always use a 'clean needle'."

  • HIV Testing Awareness (change from pre-test to post-test) [ Time Frame: One week prior to the intervention start (for both experiemental and control arms) and one week after the intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    7 item scale comprised of items assessing knowledge and motivation regarding getting tested for HIV (alpha = .76). Responses on a 5-point "strongly disagree" to "strongly agree" scale. Sample item -- "You plan on being tested regularly for HIV."

  • Risk Reduction Skills (change from pre-test to post-test) [ Time Frame: One week prior to the intervention start (for both experiemental and control arms) and one week after the intervention ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    14 item scale comprised of items assessing knowledge, confidence and motivation regarding identifying, planning for, and avoiding risk situations (alpha = .85). Responses on a 5-point "strongly disagree" to "strongly agree" scale. Sample item -- "You know how to stand up for yourself when pressured to take a risk."


Enrollment: 1396
Study Start Date: August 2008
Study Completion Date: November 2011
Primary Completion Date: August 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: WaySafe
WaySafe -- Participants in this arm received a curriculum titled WaySafe that focused on identifying, planning for, and avoiding HIV risk behaviors after release from prison. WaySafe included 6 hour-long, group-based, highly interactive sessions normally held weekly with homework assignments given between sessions.
Behavioral: WaySafe
No Intervention: Treatment as usual
Participants in this arm completed pre- and post-surveys and attended normal substance abuse programming.

Detailed Description:

The purpose of the TCU DRR Project is to develop and test an intervention designed to increase positive decision-making skills among offenders for healthy living, including skills for making decisions for reducing disease risk behaviors. This project focuses on risky sexual and drug use behaviors during re-entry, including problem recognition, commitment to change, and strategies for avoiding behavioral risks of infections. Motivational and planning sessions will be delivered near the end of criminal justice (CJ) institution-based substance abuse treatment, and they will also bridge into re-entry care services during community transitional treatment by using a self-study toolkit for released offenders that emphasize applications of DRR principles. This 5-year project has been funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse.

The intervention has two components - an in-prison and a post-release component.

• The in-prison component, WaySafe, is a six session, manual-based training on decision-making skills that occurs during the last several months of treatment before release from incarceration. It is a group-based, interactive curriculum based on TCU Mapping Enhanced Counseling strategies, which are used to visually enhance communication between clients and counselors. Homework assignments are given to be completed between the weekly sessions. The six hour-long WaySafe sessions are conducted by current counselors at the facility who have been trained in the curriculum.

For comparison purposes, some offenders who voluntarily agree to participate in the DRR study are randomly assigned to attend "treatment as usual." All participants in the study first sign an Informed Consent document indicating that their participation is voluntary and that they have been informed about their rights as research participants. They are also asked to complete a brief pre-test at the beginning of the study and a brief post-test at the end of the six-week period. A signed Certificate of Completion is given to all participants who complete the study.

• The post-release component, Keep It Safe, is a self-study toolkit given to offenders when they are released from incarceration, using mapping principles similar to those in the WaySafe sessions. It is designed to reinforce decision-making skills during this transition period and includes multiple assignments on topics such as risk taking, making better decisions regarding risky behaviors, and decisions regarding HIV testing.

For comparison purposes, some offenders are randomly selected to receive a booklet that includes readings on HIV and Hepatitis B&C derived from National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Center for Disease Control (CDC) materials, with short quizzes after each section. Both the Keep It Safe and CDC Readings booklets are designed to take about five hours to complete including a final follow-up survey in each booklet. Offenders are asked to mail their completed booklets directly to TCU in a provided pre-addressed, franked envelope. A Certificate of Completion is mailed directly to the participant when the completed workbook and follow-up survey is received at TCU project offices.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Incarcerated offenders in eight participating facilities in two states entering the last phase of their prison-based substance abuse treatment.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Sex offenders or those convicted of a violent crime.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01900210

Sponsors and Collaborators
Wayne Lehman
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Wayne E Lehman, Ph.D. Institute of Behavioral Research, Texas Christian University
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Wayne Lehman, Senior Research Scientist, Texas Christian University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01900210     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DA25885-Sum08-13
Study First Received: July 2, 2013
Last Updated: July 11, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Institutional Review Board

Keywords provided by Texas Christian University:
Criminal justice
substance abuse treatment
HIV risk behaviors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014