rTMS for Working Memory Deficits in Schizophrenia

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified January 2014 by Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Aristotle Voineskos, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01880255
First received: June 14, 2013
Last updated: January 9, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

In this study, the investigators will be examining the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on memory deficits in individuals with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. Half of the study participants will be chosen by chance to receive active rTMS stimulation while half will be chosen by chance to receive sham rTMS. Sham rTMS will feel the same as active rTMS only there will be no direct brain stimulation. This is necessary to ensure that active rTMS is efficacious in the enhancement of memory in individuals with schizophrenia. Based on results from a recently published pilot study, the investigators propose that active rTMS treatment will result in a significant improvement in working memory performance compared to sham rTMS treatment.


Condition Intervention
Schizophrenia
Schizoaffective Disorder
Device: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) for the Treatment of Working Memory Deficits in Schizophrenia and Effects on Brain Structure

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Centre for Addiction and Mental Health:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Performance on the N-back working memory task [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The primary outcome measure will be the performance on the N-back working memory task. Specifically, we will evaluate if rTMS results in a change in percent of correct responses in the N-back task.

    Note: the N-back is a continuous performance task that is commonly used to measure attention and working memory.



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Brain Imaging Changes [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    For brain imaging we will test for group differences using: (1) cortical thickness (2) volumetric measures, (3) diffusion based measures. Statistical tests measuring these differences will be conducted at baseline and following the final rTMS treatment session. We will control for possible effects of neuroleptic medication on MRI measures by regressing mean dosage levels multiplied by number of years on medication, for each of five classes of medication (typical neuroleptics, atypical neuroleptics, antiparkinsonian anticholinergics, lithium, benzodiazepines)


Estimated Enrollment: 100
Study Start Date: June 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date: June 2017
Estimated Primary Completion Date: June 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Active rTMS

Active treatment will be delivered at an intensity that is 90% of the resting motor threshold (RMT). Stimulation will be delivered at 20 Hz with 25 stimulation trains of 30 stimuli each (i.e., 750 stimuli) and an intertrain interval of 30 sec. Treatment will be applied in sequential order bilaterally to the left and right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). The order of bilateral stimulation (i.e. right then left or left then right) will be held constant for all 20 treatments.

Intervention: Device: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Device: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
rTMS is a non-invasive procedure involving the use of magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells.
Other Name: MagPro X100 Series (Medtronic A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark)
Sham Comparator: Sham rTMS

Sham stimulation will be delivered using the same stimulation parameters and at the site of active treatment, but with only the side-edge resting on the scalp. The coil will be angled 45 degrees away from the skull in a single-wing tilt position. This method produces sound and some somatic sensation (e.g., contraction of scalp muscles) similar to those of active stimulation, but with minimal direct brain effects.

Intervention: Device: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Device: Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
rTMS is a non-invasive procedure involving the use of magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells.
Other Name: MagPro X100 Series (Medtronic A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark)

Detailed Description:

This study is a randomized, double blind, sham controlled study to evaluate the efficacy of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation as a treatment for working memory deficits in individuals with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder between 18 and 50 years of age. The study duration is approximately 3 months, with the rTMS sessions lasting for 4 weeks, 5 times a week, for about 1 hour each. Several scales will be used to assess symptom severity as part of the clinical assessment. Cognition will be assessed using a validated battery and the N-back task.

This study also involves a type of brain imaging known as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at the beginning and at the end of the 4 weeks of daily rTMS to better understand the effects of rTMS on brain structure and function. Investigators will measure the size and connections of different parts of the brain to assess brain structure and blood flow while you are completing some basic tasks to assess brain function. We will also collect two blood samples (before and after rTMS treatment) to see if certain proteins change in response to treatment. Finally, an analysis of genetic material will be conducted to see if genes play a role in differences in how people respond to treatment.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 59 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Between 18 and 59 years of age
  • Current diagnosis of Schizophrenia or Schizoaffective Disorder
  • Able to provide written informed consent
  • Fluency in the English Language

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Have a history of substance abuse or dependence in the last 6 months
  • Have a concomitant major and unstable medical or neurologic illness
  • Have a history of seizures or have a first degree relative with a history of a seizure disorder
  • Current pregnancy or a plan to become pregnant during the duration of the study
  • Clinical instability: determined by treating physician
  • Have received electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) within the last year
  • Have a history of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)
  • Are taking a benzodiazepine at a dose greater than Lorazepam 2mg or equivalent
  • Are taking any non-benzodiazepine anticonvulsant
  • Have a cardiac pacemaker, cochlear implant, implanted electronic device or non-electric metallic implant
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01880255

Contacts
Contact: Laura Stefanik, BAH 416-535-8501 ext 30157 Laura.Stefanik@camh.ca
Contact: Aristotle Voineskos, MD, PHD 416-535-8501 ext 4378 Aristotle.Voineskos@camh.ca

Locations
Canada, Ontario
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Recruiting
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Principal Investigator: Aristotle Voineskos, MD PHD FRCPC         
Principal Investigator: Jeff Daskalakis, MD PHD FRCPC         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Aristotle Voineskos, MD, PHD Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Aristotle Voineskos, Head, Kimel Family Translational Imaging-Genetics Research Laboratory, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01880255     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 057/2013
Study First Received: June 14, 2013
Last Updated: January 9, 2014
Health Authority: Canada: Health Canada

Keywords provided by Centre for Addiction and Mental Health:
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Schizophrenia
Cognition
Working Memory

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Psychotic Disorders
Schizophrenia
Memory Disorders
Schizophrenia and Disorders with Psychotic Features
Mental Disorders
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 21, 2014